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\data\alt\koret
Proto-Korean: *kóp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat, slime
Russian meaning: жир, слизь
Modern Korean: kop 'a mucous discharge'
Middle Korean: kóp
Comments: Liu 72, KED 162.
Proto-Korean: *kòp-, *kup-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be bent
Russian meaning: быть изогнутым
Modern Korean: kop-, kup-
Middle Korean: kòp-, kup-
Comments: Nam 52, 63, KED 163, 220.
Proto-Korean: *kòpó-m
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fever, malaria
Russian meaning: лихорадка, малярия
Middle Korean: kòpó-m
Comments: Nam 47.
Proto-Korean: *kòr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wine fungus, mould, scum
Russian meaning: винный грибок, плесень, накипь
Modern Korean: kolmaǯi
Middle Korean: kòr-'àčí
Comments: Nam 51, KED 158.
Proto-Korean: *kor-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: acacia, Caragana ussuriensis
Russian meaning: акация
Modern Korean: koldam-čho
Proto-Korean: *kòrằ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be equal, similar
Russian meaning: быть равным, похожим
Modern Korean: korɨ-
Middle Korean: kòrằ-
Comments: Nam 46, KED 140.
Proto-Korean: *korắ- / *koro-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 suffering 2 to suffer, be troublesome, hard, painful
Russian meaning: 1 мука, мучение 2 мучиться, быть трудным, тяжелым
Modern Korean: kwerop- (kwerow-) 2, kwero-um 1
Middle Korean: koro-'om 1, koră'oi- 2
Comments: Nam 46, KED 189.
Proto-Korean: *kòrài
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: whale
Russian meaning: кит
Modern Korean: korä
Middle Korean: kòrài
Comments: Liu 63, KED 138.
Proto-Korean: *kòrání
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: deer, reindeer, elk
Russian meaning: олень, лось
Modern Korean: korani
Middle Korean: kòrání
Comments: Liu 63, KED 138.
Proto-Korean: *kòráŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: embankment, boundary, furrow
Russian meaning: насыпь, межа, борозда
Modern Korean: kōl, koraŋ
Middle Korean: kòráŋ
Comments: Liu 63, HMCH 163, KED 138, 156.
Proto-Korean: *koraŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fetters, handcuffs
Russian meaning: путы, оковы, наручники
Modern Korean: koraŋ
Comments: KED 138.
Proto-Korean: *kór(čhí)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: brain, marrow
Russian meaning: мозг
Modern Korean: kol
Middle Korean: kor, kór-čhí
Comments: Nam 51, KED 156. The meaning 'head' in modern dialects proves that the original meaning was 'brain, head' (in literary Korean the word usually means 'marrow' while 'brain' is expressed as mǝri-k:ol, lit. "head brain"). The meaning 'marrow' may have been additionally induced by the analogy with kol-su (MKor. kor-sju) 'bone marrow', borrowed from MC 骨髓 kot-sjwé; but Kor. *kor itself has of course nothing to do with MC kot 'bone'.
Proto-Korean: *korh-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to get stale, rot
Russian meaning: черстветь, сгнивать, протухать
Modern Korean: kol- [kolh-]
Comments: KED 160.
Proto-Korean: *korh-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to suffer loss
Russian meaning: потерпеть утрату
Modern Korean: kol- [kolh-]
Comments: KED 160. The root should be probably distinguished from kol(h)- 'to get stale, rot' (although they tend to contaminate).
Proto-Korean: *kòrh-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be hungry; to be empty
Russian meaning: быть голодным; быть пустым
Modern Korean: kophɨ-, kol- [kolh-]
Middle Korean: kòr-phằ-, kòrh-
Comments: Nam 51, KED 152, 160.
Proto-Korean: *kòrhói
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ring, bracelet
Russian meaning: кольцо, браслет
Modern Korean: kori
Middle Korean: kòrhói
Comments: Nam 51, KED 140.
Proto-Korean: *kórí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: basket
Russian meaning: корзина
Modern Korean: kori
Middle Korean: kórí
Comments: Liu 64, KED 140.
Proto-Korean: *kòró
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: satin, ornamented silk
Russian meaning: сатин, узорный шелк
Middle Korean: kòró
Comments: Nam 46.
Proto-Korean: *koro-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of maple
Russian meaning: вид клена
Modern Korean: koroswe-namu
Proto-Korean: *kòr'oàŋ'í
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: snail
Russian meaning: улитка
Middle Korean: kòr'oàŋ'í
Comments: Nam 51.
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