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\data\alt\koret
Proto-Korean: *kɨrk- / *kắrk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shear, scrape
Russian meaning: стричь, скрести
Modern Korean: kɨk- [kɨlk-], kak- [kalk-]
Middle Korean: kɨrk-, kắrk-
Comments: Nam 22, 74, KED 48, 249.
Proto-Korean: *kɨ̀s-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to press 2 with force, strongly 3 to stop, put an end to smth.
Russian meaning: 1 давить, угнетать 2 с силой, сильно 3 прекращать
Modern Korean: kɨčhi-, k:ɨčhi- 3 ( < *kɨs-čhi-)
Middle Korean: kɨ̀s-nùrɨ́- 1, kɨ̀s- 3, kɨ́s 2
Comments: Nam 75, KED 241. High tone recorded in the adverb is not quite clear (perhaps expressive; one cannot exclude, however, that it is original, being replaced in the verbal stem by the productive low tone).
Proto-Korean: *kɨ́s
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: certainly, without fail
Russian meaning: точно, определенно
Middle Korean: kɨ́s
Comments: Nam 74.
Proto-Korean: *kɨ̄i-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to make sour (of wine), coagulate
Russian meaning: квасить (о вине), сгущать(ся)
Middle Korean: kɨ̄i-hă-
Comments: Nam 77, HMCH 314.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝ[b]- / *kib-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rice husks 2 bran
Russian meaning: 1 рисовая шелуха 2 отруби
Modern Korean: kjǝ 1, kiul 2
Middle Korean: kjǝ́ 1, kì'úr 2
Comments: Liu 53, 114, KED 111, 272.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝ́čh
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side
Russian meaning: сторона
Modern Korean: kjǝt [kjǝth]
Middle Korean: kjǝ́čh
Comments: Nam 44, KED 128.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝ̀d-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to weave, plait
Russian meaning: ткать, заплетать
Modern Korean: kjǝ̄t- (-r-)
Middle Korean: kjǝ̀t- (-r-)
Comments: Liu 56, KED 115.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝ̀ńɨ́r
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: winter
Russian meaning: зима
Modern Korean: kjǝul
Middle Korean: kjǝ̀ńɨ́r, kjǝ̀ńắr, kjǝ'ǝr
Comments: Nam 42, KED 112.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝ́r
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wave
Russian meaning: волна
Modern Korean: kjǝl
Middle Korean: kjǝ́r
Comments: Nam 43, KED 116.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝrăi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: relatives
Russian meaning: родственники
Modern Korean: kjǝre
Middle Korean: kjǝ̀rằi
Comments: Nam 41, KED 111.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to compete, contend
Russian meaning: состязаться, соревноваться
Modern Korean: kjǝru-
Comments: KED 111.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝs-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to suffer, undergo, experience
Russian meaning: подвергаться, страдать
Modern Korean: kjǝk:-
Middle Korean: kjǝs-
Comments: Nam 44, KED 114.
Proto-Korean: *kjǝ̄-čìp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: woman
Russian meaning: женщина
Modern Korean: kjēǯip
Middle Korean: kjǝ̄čìp
Comments: Nam 42, KED 132. Historically a compound (*'woman' + 'house, family'), with čip 'house' in the second part.
Proto-Korean: *koāŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: doll, mask, comedian
Russian meaning: кукла, маска, актер
Modern Korean: kwāŋdä
Middle Korean: koāŋtái
Comments: Liu 79, KED 184.
Proto-Korean: *kòbắr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: district
Russian meaning: провинция, район
Modern Korean: koɨl
Middle Korean: kò'ắr
Comments: Liu 65, KED 148.
Proto-Korean: *kobār-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be high, strong (of fire)
Russian meaning: быть сильным, горячим (об огне)
Modern Korean: kwāl-
Comments: KED 183.
Proto-Korean: *kòbɨ̀i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bamboo bark 2 patella
Russian meaning: 1 бамбуковая кора 2 коленная чашечка
Middle Korean: tái-s-kò'ɨ̀i 1, kòs-kò'ɨ̀i 2
Comments: Liu 73, 207.
Proto-Korean: *kobVr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: coffin, box
Russian meaning: гроб, ящик
Middle Korean: kōr
Comments: Nam 51.
Proto-Korean: *koč
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 spit, skewer; awl, gimlet 2 to stick in
Russian meaning: 1 вертел; шило 2 втыкать
Modern Korean: kot [kos], k:oǯi 1, k:ot- [k:oč-] 2
Middle Korean: koč 1, kòč- 2
Comments: Nam 54, KED 164, 174. The accent of the noun is unknown; the verbal stem has a usual low tone.
Proto-Korean: *kòč-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hold in two arms
Russian meaning: держать двумя руками
Middle Korean: kòč-
Comments: HMCH 342, Nam 54.
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