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Korean etymology :

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\data\alt\koret
Proto-Korean: *kapo
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fish bladder, (KED) sausage stuffed in a fish bladder
Russian meaning: рыбий пузырь
Modern Korean: kabo
Comments: KED 18.
Proto-Korean: *káps
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: price
Russian meaning: цена
Modern Korean: kap [kaps]
Middle Korean: káps
Comments: Nam 24, KED 57.
Proto-Korean: *kằr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crow, jackdaw
Russian meaning: ворона, галка
Modern Korean: kalgamagwi
Middle Korean: kằr-kàmàkói
Comments: Nam 20, KED 42.
Proto-Korean: *kár
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fetters, cangue
Russian meaning: оковы, колодки
Modern Korean: khal
Middle Korean: kár, kār
Comments: Nam 19, HMCH 249, KED 1669. Modern initial kh- is not quite clear.
Proto-Korean: *kắr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rub, polish
Russian meaning: тереть, полировать
Modern Korean: kāl-
Middle Korean: kắr-
Comments: Nam 20, KED 43-44.
Proto-Korean: *kắr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reed
Russian meaning: тростник
Modern Korean: kal
Middle Korean: kắr
Comments: Nam 20, KED 42.
Proto-Korean: *kắr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to change
Russian meaning: менять
Modern Korean: kal-
Middle Korean: kắr-
Comments: Nam 20, KED 43.
Proto-Korean: *kàr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tiger
Russian meaning: тигр
Modern Korean: kalbǝ̄m
Middle Korean: kar-wǝ̄m, kar-pǝm
Comments: HMCH 185, Nam 19, KED 46. A compound with *pǝ̄m 'tiger, leopard' (v. sub *p`uma).
Proto-Korean: *kár
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 peaked hat 2 rain-cover for a hat
Russian meaning: 1 конусообразная шапка 2 покрытие для шапки (для защиты от дождя)
Modern Korean: kok:al 1, kal-mo 2
Middle Korean: kòs-kár 1
Comments: Liu 73, KED 45, 134. For the component kòs- cf. *kás 'hat' (although vowel variation is not clear).
Proto-Korean: *kằrằ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flour
Russian meaning: мука
Modern Korean: karu
Middle Korean: kằrằ, kăr
Comments: Nam 10, 20, KED 12.
Proto-Korean: *kằră-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to divide, split 2 to distinguish
Russian meaning: 1 разделять, расщеплять 2 различать
Modern Korean: karɨ- 1, karä- 2
Middle Korean: kără- 1, kằr-hắi- 1, 2
Comments: Nam 10, 22, KED 11, 13.
Proto-Korean: *kằráb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to itch
Russian meaning: зудеть, чесаться
Modern Korean: karjǝp- (-w-)
Middle Korean: kằráp-, kărjap-, kărjǝp- (-w-)
Comments: Liu 3, 4, KED 11
Proto-Korean: *kắràč
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Setaria viridis; Lolium temulentum
Russian meaning: Setaria viridis; Lolium temulentum
Modern Korean: karaǯi
Middle Korean: kắràs
Comments: Nam 11, KED 10.
Proto-Korean: *kắrái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild walnut
Russian meaning: дикий грецкий орех
Modern Korean: karä
Middle Korean: kắrái
Comments: Nam 11, KED 11.
Proto-Korean: *kàràk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: finger; pole
Russian meaning: палец; палка
Modern Korean: son-karak, karak
Middle Korean: soǹs-kàràk 'finger', kàràk 'pole'
Comments: Liu 19, KED 10.
Proto-Korean: *kằrắm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lake, big river
Russian meaning: озеро, большая река
Middle Korean: kằrắm
Comments: Nam 11.
Proto-Korean: *kàràp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: oak-tree
Russian meaning: дуб
Modern Korean: karam-namu
Middle Korean: kàràp
Comments: Nam 3, Liu 19.
Proto-Korean: *kárh
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: knife, sword
Russian meaning: нож, меч
Modern Korean: khal
Middle Korean: kár (kárh-)
Comments: Nam 19, KED 1669.
Proto-Korean: *kari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rib(s)
Russian meaning: ребро, ребра
Modern Korean: kalbi
Middle Korean: kari-spjǝ
Comments: Nam 3, KED 46.
Proto-Korean: *kari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: miserly
Russian meaning: скупой
Modern Korean: karin-sɨrǝp-, karin-čumǝni
Middle Korean: karin-čumǝni (a comp. with čumǝni 'pocket')
Comments: Liu 20, KED 14 (Martin's derivation < kanrin < Chin. seems dubious).
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