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Korean etymology :

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\data\alt\koret
Proto-Korean: *ka, *ko
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: interrogative particle
Russian meaning: вопросительная частица
Modern Korean: -ka, -ga, -ko, -go
Middle Korean: -ka, -kó
Comments: Nam 45, KED 2, 133.
Proto-Korean: *kam-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be unable to, to be insufficient for
Russian meaning: быть неспособным, недостаточным для ч.-л.
Modern Korean: kam-gi-
Comments: SKE 91-92.
Proto-Korean: *kàm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wind around
Russian meaning: обвивать, наматывать
Modern Korean: kām-
Middle Korean: kàm-
Comments: Liu 29, KED 50.
Proto-Korean: *kắm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to close (eyes)
Russian meaning: закрывать (глаза)
Modern Korean: kām-
Middle Korean: kắm-
Comments: Nam 23, KED 50.
Proto-Korean: *kăm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hide, conceal
Russian meaning: прятать, скрывать
Modern Korean: kamčhu-
Middle Korean: kăm-čho-
Comments: Nam 24, KED 55.
Proto-Korean: *kàmá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crown of head
Russian meaning: верхушка головы
Modern Korean: kama
Middle Korean: kàmá
Comments: Liu 20, HMCH 51, KED 14.
Proto-Korean: *kàmá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cauldron
Russian meaning: котел
Modern Korean: kama
Middle Korean: kàmá
Comments: Nam 4, KED 14.
Proto-Korean: *kàmà'ótí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cormorant
Russian meaning: баклан
Modern Korean: kamauǯi
Middle Korean: kàmà'ótí
Comments: Nam 4 (HMCH 184), KED 15.
Proto-Korean: *kắmắr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: drought
Russian meaning: засуха
Modern Korean: kamul
Middle Korean: kắmắr
Comments: Nam 13, KED 17.
Proto-Korean: *kàmór-thì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: eel; (KED) snake fish (Channa argus), snakehead, mullet
Russian meaning: угорь
Modern Korean: kamulčhi
Middle Korean: kàmóthì, kamorthi
Comments: Nam 4, KED 17.
Proto-Korean: *kằńắi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scissors
Russian meaning: ножницы
Modern Korean: kawi
Middle Korean: kằńắi
Comments: Nam 14, KED 23.
Proto-Korean: *kằńằm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: material, cloth
Russian meaning: материал, ткань
Modern Korean: kām
Middle Korean: kằńằm
Comments: Nam 13, KED 49.
Proto-Korean: *kắnắr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thin, fine
Russian meaning: тонкий, изящный
Modern Korean: kanɨl-
Middle Korean: kắnắr-
Comments: Nam 9, KED 5.
Proto-Korean: *kắnắrh
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shadow
Russian meaning: тень
Modern Korean: kɨnɨl
Middle Korean: kắnắr (kắnắrh-)
Comments: Nam 9, KED 232.
Proto-Korean: *kàŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dog 2 puppy
Russian meaning: 1 собака 2 щенок
Modern Korean: 1, kaŋaǯi 2
Middle Korean: kàhí 1, kàŋ'àčí 2
Comments: Nam 8, 28, KED 65, 61. The form kàhí points to a suffixed *kàŋ-h- ( < *kaŋV-k-). With *-ń- cf. also MKor. kǝ̀ń'uǝ̀ńí 'a k. of dog' (Liu 50).
Proto-Korean: *kă'oi ( ~ *ko'ăi)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dressing for the lower part of body
Russian meaning: одежда для нижней части тела
Modern Korean: koi
Middle Korean: kă'oi, ko'oi
Comments: Nam 15, 48, KED 148. Martin treats the word as a loanword < MC khò 'trousers' + ʔɨj 'clothes'; however, the word means both 'trousers' and 'skirt' in MKor.; the compound is not found in Chinese proper; and the MKor phonology cannot be explained < Chinese. Modern koi (orth. ko'ɨi) may be a secondary modification under Chinese influence.
Proto-Korean: *kà'ón-tắi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: middle
Russian meaning: середина
Modern Korean: kaun-de
Middle Korean: kà'ón-tắi
Comments: Nam 7, KED 22.
Proto-Korean: *kàpắi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: light (of weight)
Russian meaning: легкий (о весе)
Modern Korean: kabjǝp-
Middle Korean: kàpắi-jáp-
Comments: Nam 5, KED 17.
Proto-Korean: *kàph- / *kǝ̀ph-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bark 2 skin
Russian meaning: 1 кора 2 кожа
Modern Korean: k:ǝpčil 1, k:aphɨl, k:ǝphɨl, k:ǝptegi 2
Middle Korean: kàphɨ́r, kàphắr, kǝpčir 1, 2
Comments: Nam 8, 38, KED 29, 89, 103.
Proto-Korean: *kàphɨ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to compensate, pay back
Russian meaning: компенсировать, отплачивать
Middle Korean: kàphɨ́-
Comments: HMCH 333.
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