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Korean etymology :

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\data\alt\koret
Proto-Korean: *čùkɨ́r
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: chaff
Russian meaning: мякина
Modern Korean: čuk-čǝŋi, č:uk-čǝŋi
Middle Korean: čùkɨ́r
Comments: Liu 670, KED 1505.
Proto-Korean: *čum
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fist, handful
Russian meaning: кулак, горсть
Modern Korean: čūm, čumǝk
Middle Korean: čúm, čùmǝ̀kúi
Comments: Nam 433, 434, KED 1496, 1509. Original tone is not quite clear.
Proto-Korean: *čur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to string, bead 2 string, line
Russian meaning: 1 нанизывать 2 линия, веревка
Modern Korean: čul 2
Middle Korean: čùr-hjǝ̀- 1, čúr 2
Comments: Nam 434, Liu 672, KED 1507. The noun is absent in Nam and HMCH, but adduced with high tone in Liu, while the derived verb is given with low tone both in Nam and Liu. The original accent is thus not quite clear.
Proto-Korean: *čùr-kí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stalk, branch without leaves
Russian meaning: стебель, ветка без листьев
Modern Korean: čulgi, čulgǝri
Middle Korean: čùrkí
Comments: Liu 672, HMCH 297, KED 1507.
Proto-Korean: *čūb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pick
Russian meaning: подбирать, собирать
Modern Korean: čūp- (-w-), čūt- [čūs-]
Middle Korean: čūs- (čūń-), čūń- ( < *čubuń-)
Comments: Nam 435, KED 1509.
Proto-Korean: *čūr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: file
Russian meaning: напильник
Modern Korean: čūl
Middle Korean: čūr
Comments: Liu 672, HMCH 251, KED 1507.
Proto-Korean: *čūr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to shrink, grow less 2 to starve, be famished
Russian meaning: 1 уменьшаться, сокращаться 2 голодать
Modern Korean: čūl- 1, čūri- 2
Middle Korean: čuri-hi- 1 (tr.), čūri- 2
Comments: Liu 670, KED 1496, 1508.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀bí-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be exhausted, hungry 2 to lack, be insufficient
Russian meaning: 1 быть истощенным, голодным 2 недоставать, не хватать
Modern Korean: ǝ̄p- [ǝ̄ps-]
Middle Korean: ǝ̀'uí- 1, ǝ̄psìwɨ́-, ǝ̄ps- 2
Comments: HMCH 95, Nam 369, KED 1150.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ́č-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be in disorder, confusion
Russian meaning: быть в беспорядке, смятении
Modern Korean: ǝǯirǝp- (-w-)
Middle Korean: ǝ́čɨ́rǝ̀p- (-w-) 2
Comments: Nam 365, KED 1136.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀čǝ́i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: yesterday
Russian meaning: вчера
Modern Korean: ǝǯe
Middle Korean: ǝ̀čǝ́i
Comments: Nam 365, KED 1135.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀i-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to surround, encircle
Russian meaning: окружать
Modern Korean: e-u-
Middle Korean: ǝ̀i'uǝ-
Comments: Nam 371, KED 1159.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀ńí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mother
Russian meaning: мать
Modern Korean: ǝi
Middle Korean: ǝ̀ńí
Comments: Nam 363, KED 1134.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀ńɨ̀r-ɨm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 evening, dusk 2 dark, dusky
Russian meaning: 1 вечер, сумерки 2 темный
Modern Korean: ǝsɨrɨm 1, ǝsɨre-hada 2
Middle Korean: ǝ̀ńɨ̀r-ɨm 1
Comments: Nam 363, KED 1132.
Proto-Korean: *ǝntǝk(h)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hill
Russian meaning: холм
Modern Korean: ǝndǝk
Middle Korean: ǝnthǝk
Comments: Nam 366, KED 1139.
Proto-Korean: *ǝp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beef brisket, breast of ox
Russian meaning: грудинка, мясо на груди скота
Modern Korean: ǝpčin
Comments: KED 1150.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to carry on the back
Russian meaning: нести на спине
Modern Korean: ǝp-
Middle Korean: ǝ̀p-
Comments: Liu 554, KED 1149.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 father 2 parents
Russian meaning: 1 отец 2 родители
Modern Korean: ǝbi (arch.), abi, abǝǯi 1, ǝbǝi 2
Middle Korean: ǝ̀pí 1, ǝ̀pǝ̀ńí 2
Comments: Nam 361, 362, KED 1074, 1130, 1131.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to freeze 2 ice
Russian meaning: 1 замерзать 2 лед
Modern Korean: ǝ̄l- 1, ǝrɨm 2
Middle Korean: ǝ̄r- 1, ǝ̀rɨ́m 2
Comments: Nam 361, 367, KED 1143, 1146.
Proto-Korean: *ǝr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: enough, sufficiently, nearly
Russian meaning: достаточно, почти
Modern Korean: ǝl-čhu
Middle Korean: ǝru, ǝro
Comments: Nam 360, KED 1146.
Proto-Korean: *ǝ̀rí-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be foolish, mistaken
Russian meaning: быть глупым, ошибаться
Modern Korean: ǝri-sǝk-
Middle Korean: ǝ̀rí-
Comments: Nam 361, KED 1129.
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Total of 1206 records 61 page

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