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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *mǝ́-si
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: an interrogative / dubitative particle
Russian meaning: частица вопроса / сомнения
Old Japanese: mosi
Middle Japanese: mósi
Tokyo: móshi
Kyoto: móshì
Kagoshima: móshi
Comments: JLTT 485.
Proto-Japanese: *mǝ̀t-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to carry, hold
Russian meaning: нести, держать
Old Japanese: mot-
Middle Japanese: mòt-
Tokyo: mót-
Kyoto: mòt-
Kagoshima: mòt-
Comments: JLTT 728.
Proto-Japanese: *mǝ̀tǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: root, foundation
Russian meaning: корень, основание
Old Japanese: moto
Middle Japanese: mòtò
Tokyo: motó
Kyoto: mótò
Kagoshima: motó
Comments: JLTT 486.
Proto-Japanese: *mǝ̀tǝ̀-ma-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to ask, demand
Russian meaning: спрашивать, требовать
Old Japanese: m(w)otoma-
Middle Japanese: mòtòma-
Tokyo: motomé-
Kyoto: mótómé-
Kagoshima: mòtòmè-
Comments: JLTT 727.
Proto-Japanese: *mǝ́tǝ̀-mǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: the most
Russian meaning: самый
Old Japanese: m(w)ot(w)om(w)o
Middle Japanese: mótòmò
Tokyo: móttomo
Kyoto: móttómó
Kagoshima: mottómo
Comments: Accent correspondences are rather uncertain; but the evidence is for the most part in favour of high tone on the first syllable.
Proto-Japanese: *mǝ́tǝ́-pǝr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to turn round
Russian meaning: вращаться
Old Japanese: motop(w)or-
Middle Japanese: mótófór-
Comments: JLTT 727.
Proto-Japanese: *mǝtǝr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bend 2 to deviate
Russian meaning: 1 изгибаться 2 отступать, расходиться
Old Japanese: motor- 1
Tokyo: motór- 2
Kyoto: mótór- 2
Kagoshima: motór- 2
Comments: JLTT 727. Accent is not quite clear.
Proto-Japanese: *mǝ̀ti ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: birdlime made from holly bark
Russian meaning: клей для ловли птиц
Old Japanese: m(w)oti
Middle Japanese: mótí
Tokyo: móchi
Kyoto: móchí
Kagoshima: mochí
Comments: JLTT 486. The accent in Tokyo must be original, because it differentiates the word from mòchi 'rice cake' ( < *mǝ́tí); elsewhere the two accent patterns have merged.
Proto-Japanese: *mi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: protecting spirit
Russian meaning: дух-покровитель
Old Japanese: mji
Comments: JLTT 476.
Proto-Japanese: *mi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: three
Russian meaning: три
Old Japanese: mji-
Middle Japanese: mi-
Tokyo: mí-
Kyoto: mí-
Kagoshima: mì-
Comments: JLTT 482. As usual in numerals, the accent reconstruction is insecure.
Proto-Japanese: *mía
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 woman 2 female
Russian meaning: 1 женщина 2 самка
Old Japanese: mje 1
Middle Japanese: mé 1
Tokyo: me-sú 2
Kyoto: mé-sù
Kagoshima: me-sú
Hateruma: mìdùmú 1
Yonakuni: mìnúNà 1
Comments: JLTT 474, 476. Although modern dialects point to *mià-sù, RJ has explicitly mé with a high tone.
Proto-Japanese: *miar- ( ~ *mair-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to decrease, diminish, drain away
Russian meaning: уменьшаться, ухудшаться
Middle Japanese: mer-
Tokyo: meri (n.)
Comments: JLTT 475, 723.
Proto-Japanese: *míkúri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bur reed
Russian meaning: колючий тростник
Middle Japanese: míkúri
Comments: JLTT 478.
Proto-Japanese: *mìmà-p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to visit (a sick person etc.)
Russian meaning: посещать, навещать (больного и т.п.)
Middle Japanese: mima-f-
Tokyo: mìma-, mimá-
Kyoto: mímá-
Kagoshima: mìmà-
Proto-Japanese: *mìmì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ear
Russian meaning: ухо
Old Japanese: mjimji
Middle Japanese: mìmì
Tokyo: mimí
Kyoto: mímì
Kagoshima: mimí ( = míŃ)
Nase: mìŃ
Shuri: mímí
Hateruma: mìši_̀kùrùmíN
Yonakuni: mìn-tàFù; mìmbùrù 'head'
Comments: JLTT 478. Cf. Yon. mìmbùrù 'head'.
Proto-Japanese: *mìmìnsúkù
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Ledra auditura Walker
Russian meaning: кобылочка японская (цикадка)
Tokyo: mímizuku, mimízuku
Kyoto: mìmìzúkù
Kagoshima: mimizukú
Proto-Japanese: *mínái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mountain top
Russian meaning: вершина горы
Old Japanese: mjine
Middle Japanese: míné
Tokyo: mìne
Kyoto: míné
Kagoshima: míne
Comments: JLTT 480.
Proto-Japanese: *mínámí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: South; South wind
Russian meaning: юг; южный ветер
Old Japanese: mjinamji
Middle Japanese: mínámí
Tokyo: mìnami
Kyoto: mínàmì
Kagoshima: minámi
Comments: JLTT 479. The Kyoto accent is quite irregular; but RJ and other dialects point unanimously to high tone.
Proto-Japanese: *mìnǝ́
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: straw coat
Russian meaning: соломенный плащ, накидка
Old Japanese: mjino
Middle Japanese: mìnó
Tokyo: míno
Kyoto: mìnó
Kagoshima: míno
Comments: JLTT 480. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *mínǝ́-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to ripen, become ripe
Russian meaning: созревать
Old Japanese: m(j)in(w)or-
Tokyo: mìnor-, minór-
Kyoto: mínór-
Kagoshima: minór-
Comments: JLTT 724.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20

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