Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50
\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *kùtùpìkì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of loom
Russian meaning: вид ткацкого станка
Old Japanese: kutupjikji
Middle Japanese: kùtùfìkì
Comments: JLTT 468 (but the connection with kutu 'shoe' is probably folk-etymological).
Proto-Japanese: *kútúrǝ(n)k- ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to relax, feel at ease
Russian meaning: расслабляться
Middle Japanese: kútúróg-
Tokyo: kutsuróg-
Kyoto: kútsúróg-
Kagoshima: kùtsùròg-
Comments: JLTT 718. Tokyo and Kagoshima have irregular accent pointing to a variant *kùtùrǝ̀(n)k-.
Proto-Japanese: *kútúwá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bridle
Russian meaning: уздечка
Middle Japanese: kútúwá
Tokyo: kùtsuwa
Kyoto: kútsúwá
Kagoshima: kutsuwá
Comments: JLTT 468. The accent in Kagoshima is secondary.
Proto-Japanese: *kuwa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to kick
Russian meaning: пинать
Old Japanese: kuwa-
Middle Japanese: kuwa-
Tokyo: kér-
Kyoto: kér-
Kagoshima: kèr-
Comments: JLTT 707. The tone is not clear because of later contraction; the conjugation type of the verb has secondarily changed (ke- would be regular in modern Jpn.).
Proto-Japanese: *-ma-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dubitative suffix
Russian meaning: суффикс дубитатива
Old Japanese: -ma-
Middle Japanese: -ma-
Tokyo: -ma-i
Proto-Japanese: *mài
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shoot, sprout
Russian meaning: росток, побег
Old Japanese: me
Middle Japanese: me
Tokyo: mé
Kyoto: mḕ
Kagoshima: mé
Comments: JLTT 474.
Proto-Japanese: *mài(N), *mì-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 eye 2 to see
Russian meaning: 1 глаз 2 видеть
Old Japanese: me 1, mji- 2
Middle Japanese: mè 1, mì- 2
Tokyo: mé 1, mí- 2
Kyoto: mèe 1, mì- 2
Kagoshima: mé 1, mí- 2
Nase: mɨ́ 1, mj- 2
Shuri: mī́ 1, n̄ǯ- 2
Hateruma: mìŃ 1, mì- 2
Yonakuni: mī̀ 1, nn- 2
Comments: JLTT 474, 724. Nasal -N can be reconstructed on the basis of Hateruma (Ryukyu) mìŃ - although one cannot exclude that this is a later addition.
Proto-Japanese: *maju(a)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to go astray
Russian meaning: сбиваться с пути
Old Japanese: maju-p- / majwo-p-
Middle Japanese: majof-
Tokyo: mayó-
Kyoto: máyó-
Kagoshima: mayó-
Comments: JLTT 722. Accent reconstruction is not clear: either *májúa- (Kyoto-Kagoshima, with deviation in Tokyo) or *màjùa- (Tokyo-Kyoto, with deviation in Kagoshima); the word is unfortunately absent in RJ.
Proto-Japanese: *mák-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wrap, wind around, tie into
Russian meaning: заворачивать, обматывать
Old Japanese: mak-
Middle Japanese: mák-
Tokyo: màk-
Kyoto: mák-
Kagoshima: mák-
Comments: JLTT 720.
Proto-Japanese: *màk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sow
Russian meaning: сеять
Old Japanese: mak-
Middle Japanese: màk-
Tokyo: mák-
Kyoto: mák-
Kagoshima: màk-
Comments: JLTT 720.
Proto-Japanese: *máká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lose (a game etc.)
Russian meaning: проигрывать
Old Japanese: maka-
Middle Japanese: máká-
Tokyo: màke-
Kyoto: máké-
Kagoshima: maké-
Comments: JLTT 719.
Proto-Japanese: *màkà-nàp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to feed, provide meals
Russian meaning: кормить, предоставлять пищу
Middle Japanese: makanaf-
Tokyo: makaná-
Kyoto: mákáná-
Kagoshima: màkànà-
Comments: JLTT 719.
Proto-Japanese: *mákí ( ~ -ui)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: firewood
Russian meaning: дрова
Tokyo: màki
Kyoto: mákí
Kagoshima: máki
Comments: JLTT 470. The word is not attested in OJ and may be actually = ma-ki 'true wood' (see ibid.).
Proto-Japanese: *mama
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: precipice
Russian meaning: обрыв
Old Japanese: mama
Proto-Japanese: *mamai
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bean
Russian meaning: боб
Old Japanese: mame
Middle Japanese: màmè, màmé
Tokyo: mamé
Kyoto: màmê
Kagoshima: mamé
Comments: JLTT 471. The root reveals a variation of accent reflexes between *màmài and *màmâi.
Proto-Japanese: *mami-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of blackbird
Russian meaning: вид дрозда
Tokyo: mami-jiro, mami-chajinai
Proto-Japanese: *mami
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of badger, bear-badger
Russian meaning: вид барсука, барсук-медведь
Tokyo: mami
Proto-Japanese: *mámíra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be smeared
Russian meaning: быть вымазанным
Middle Japanese: mámíra-
Tokyo: mamiré-
Kyoto: mámíre-
Kagoshima: mamiré-
Comments: JLTT 720. The Tokyo accent is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *màmuà-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to guard, protect
Russian meaning: защищать, охранять
Old Japanese: mamwor-
Middle Japanese: màmòr-
Tokyo: mamór-
Kyoto: mámór-
Kagoshima: mamór-
Comments: JLTT 720. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *manai-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: many
Russian meaning: много, многочисленный
Old Japanese: mane-
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
7264158549
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov