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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *kàtànà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: knife
Russian meaning: нож
Old Japanese: katana
Middle Japanese: kàtànà
Tokyo: kataná, katána
Kyoto: kátànà
Kagoshima: kataná
Comments: JLTT 443.
Proto-Japanese: *kátár-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to speak, tell
Russian meaning: говорить, рассказывать
Old Japanese: katar-
Middle Japanese: kátár-
Tokyo: kàtar-
Kyoto: kátár-
Kagoshima: katár-
Comments: JLTT 705.
Proto-Japanese: *kàtí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: walking
Russian meaning: хождение пешком
Old Japanese: kati
Middle Japanese: kàtí
Tokyo: káchi
Kyoto: káchí
Kagoshima: kachí
Comments: JLTT 444. The Kyoto accent is irregular, otherwise all evidence points to *kàtí.
Proto-Japanese: *kátú-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tuna fish 2 to become hungry
Russian meaning: 1 тунец 2 голодать
Middle Japanese: kátúwó 1, katuwa- 2
Tokyo: kàtsuo 1, katsué- 2
Kyoto: kátsúó 1, kátsúé- 2
Kagoshima: katsúo 1, kàtsùè-
Comments: JLTT 444. Historically a compound with *(d)ibua 'fish'. Despite the difference in accent, the verbal stem seems to belong here etymologically: cf. the verbal meaning 'to weaken, die (after releasing roe)' in most TM languages.
Proto-Japanese: *kátù
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: moreover, additionally
Russian meaning: кроме того, более того, дополнительно
Old Japanese: katu
Middle Japanese: katu
Tokyo: kátsu
Kyoto: kátsù
Kagoshima: kátsu
Comments: JLTT 444. Probably *kátù (Kyoto 2, Kagoshima A), but the Tokyo accent is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *kátúrá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Cereidiphyllum japonicum
Russian meaning: багряник японский
Old Japanese: katura
Middle Japanese: kátúrá
Tokyo: kàtsura
Kyoto: kátsúrá
Kagoshima: katsúra
Comments: JLTT 445.
Proto-Japanese: *kàwà(ra)-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dry, to dry up
Russian meaning: сохнуть
Old Japanese: kawak-
Middle Japanese: kawak- (RJ kàfàk-)
Tokyo: kawák-
Kyoto: káwák-
Kagoshima: kòrak-
Nase: kòràkj-
Shuri: kā́ràč-
Hateruma: kàrùg-
Yonakuni: kàrág-
Comments: JLTT 706.
Proto-Japanese: *káwǝ́r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smell, fumigate
Russian meaning: пахнуть; дымиться
Old Japanese: kawor-
Middle Japanese: kawor-
Tokyo: kàor-
Kyoto: káór-
Kagoshima: kaór-
Comments: JLTT 703.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to come
Russian meaning: приходить
Old Japanese: ko-
Middle Japanese: kú
Tokyo: kú-
Kyoto: kù-
Kagoshima: kú-
Nase: kj-
Shuri: č-
Hateruma: kù-
Yonakuni: kù-
Comments: JLTT 716. The RJ form is kú (final), but modern dialects point unanimously to *kǝ̀- (perhaps there was a metatony in this irregular paradigm).
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 this 2 that
Russian meaning: 1 этот 2 тот
Old Japanese: ko- 1
Middle Japanese: kó- 1; ka- 2
Tokyo: kòre 1; ká-re 'he'
Kyoto: kóré 1; ká-rè 'he'
Kagoshima: kói 1
Nase: kú-Ǹ 1
Shuri: kú-nù 1
Hateruma: kù-nù 1; ka_̀-n_ù 2
Yonakuni: kù-nú 1; kà-nú 2
Comments: JLTT 430, 452. High tone in Tokyo ká-re is not clear (the stem *ka- appears to be a merger of *kǝ́- and *á-).
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tree
Russian meaning: дерево
Old Japanese: kji
Tokyo: kí
Kyoto: kìi
Kagoshima: kí
Nase: kɨ́
Shuri: kī́
Hateruma: kī́
Yonakuni: kī̀
Proto-Japanese: *kǝjǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lie
Russian meaning: лежать
Old Japanese: koju-
Comments: JLTT 711.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝju-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to freeze
Russian meaning: замерзать
Old Japanese: k(w)oju-
Comments: JLTT 711.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀k- ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to urinate, excrete; to stink
Russian meaning: мочиться, испражняться; вонять
Middle Japanese: kòk-
Tokyo: kok-
Comments: JLTT 712.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝkǝnǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nine
Russian meaning: девять
Old Japanese: kokono-
Middle Japanese: kokono-
Tokyo: kokóno-
Kyoto: kókònò-
Kagoshima: kòkònó-
Comments: JLTT 454. Accent is unclear, just as in all other numerals.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀kǝ̀rǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: heart
Russian meaning: сердце
Old Japanese: kokoro
Middle Japanese: kòkòró
Tokyo: kokóro
Kyoto: kókòrò
Kagoshima: kokoró
Nase: kṑró
Shuri: kúkúrú
Hateruma: ku_̀kùrú
Yonakuni: kùgùrù
Comments: JLTT 454. Accent is not quite clear: all dialects and RJ point probably to a low tone on first syllable (except Tokyo: the origin of type 2 in trisyllables is obscure); Kagoshima can reflect any structure with this characteristics; Kyoto points rather to *kǝ̀kǝ̀rǝ̀, as opposed to the attested kǝ̀kǝ̀rǝ́.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀kǝ́-ta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plenty, much
Russian meaning: много, множество
Old Japanese: kokoda
Middle Japanese: kòkóta
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀m-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be filled in, stuffed
Russian meaning: быть заполненным, набитым
Old Japanese: kom-
Middle Japanese: kòm-
Tokyo: kóm-
Kyoto: kòm-
Kagoshima: kòm-
Comments: JLTT 712. Cf. also PJ *kǝ̀mǝ̀r- id.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀má-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small, thin
Russian meaning: мелкий, тонкий
Middle Japanese: kòmáka-
Tokyo: komaká-i
Kyoto: kómákà-
Kagoshima: komaká-
Shuri: guma- 'small'
Yonakuni: gumá- 'small'
Comments: JLTT 455.
Proto-Japanese: *kǝ̀mài
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rice
Russian meaning: рис
Old Japanese: kome
Middle Japanese: kome
Tokyo: komé
Kyoto: kómè
Kagoshima: komé
Comments: JLTT 455.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-shu,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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