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Japanese etymology :

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *kásíká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be exhausted, wasted
Russian meaning: истощаться, чахнуть
Old Japanese: kasika-
Middle Japanese: kásíká-
Tokyo: kajike-
Comments: JLTT 707.
Proto-Japanese: *kasi-m-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: annoying, noisy
Russian meaning: надоедливый, шумный
Old Japanese: kasi-ma-si
Middle Japanese: kasi-ma-si, kasi-ga-ma-si
Tokyo: kashimashi-
Comments: JLTT 831.
Proto-Japanese: *kasipa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vessel
Russian meaning: вид сосуда
Old Japanese: kasipa
Comments: In the earliest texts the word unambiguously denotes some kind of vessel (esp. a wine vessel); its reinterpretation as 'oak leaf' and 'food-wrapping oak-leaf' is certainly a later folk-etymological development.
Proto-Japanese: *kásípà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: oak-tree (Quercus dentata thunb.)
Russian meaning: вид дуба
Old Japanese: kasipa
Middle Japanese: kásípà
Tokyo: kàshiwa
Kyoto: kàshíwà
Kagoshima: kashíwa
Comments: JLTT 441. The word has a rare accent type HHL.
Proto-Japanese: *kàsìrà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: head
Russian meaning: голова
Old Japanese: kasira
Middle Japanese: kàsìrá, kàsìrà
Tokyo: kashirá
Kyoto: káshìrà
Kagoshima: kashirá
Comments: JLTT 441 ('head; chief'). The word means 'head' (also 'head part', 'chief part') in most modern and Middle Japanese sources (explicitly so in Wamyōshō); KKJ (p. 232) also lists the meaning 'hair of head' (attested in Tosa Nikki), obviously secondary, with a rather natural semantic transition. IKJ (p. 297) glosses the word as "denoting the whole head including the hair and face", as opposed to kaube ( = kami-be) denoting only the top of the head and to atama "fontanelle". The only clear OJ (Man'yōshū 4346) example (kasira kakinade...) may be well translated (and usually is translated) as 'stroking the head'. Therefore the idea (see Vovin 2000) that the original meaning of kasira was 'hair of head' (the meaning that was always expressed in Japanese as kami) is most certainly wrong - just as his attempt to link it with the rather obscure Old Korean 麻帝核試 (MC mạ-tìej-xạ̈ik-śì) `hair of head'. The latter should be probably read as [mǝri-ɣak-si], where mǝri- is `head', while -ɣak-si may stand for kark-[si] - with kark- being identical to MKor. kārki `mane', modern mǝri-kharak `hair of head'. Despite the uncertainty of Old Korean readings in general and of -si in Old Korean -ɣak-si, it seems much more reasonable to link the Old Korean and later Korean sources than to invent a new Old Korean word *kasi `hair' and compare it with a wrongly interpreted Old Japanese word.
Proto-Japanese: *kasu-m-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to steal, rob
Russian meaning: красть, грабить
Old Japanese: kasum-, kasume-
Middle Japanese: kású-ma-, kàzò-f-
Comments: JLTT 705. Accentuation is not quite clear (variants kàzòf- and kású-ma- in RJ).
Proto-Japanese: *kàsùm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be hazy, misty
Russian meaning: быть сумрачным, туманным
Old Japanese: kasum-
Middle Japanese: kasum-
Tokyo: kàsum-
Kyoto: kásúm-
Kagoshima: kasúm-
Comments: JLTT 705.
Proto-Japanese: *kasunkapi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: brace, latch
Russian meaning: скоба
Old Japanese: kasugapji
Middle Japanese: kasugafi
Tokyo: kasugai
Comments: JLTT 442.
Proto-Japanese: *kàsù-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape
Russian meaning: скрести, царапать
Middle Japanese: kàsù-r-
Tokyo: kasúr-u
Kyoto: kásúr-
Kagoshima: kasúr-
Comments: JLTT 705.
Proto-Japanese: *kàt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to win, overcome
Russian meaning: побеждать
Old Japanese: kat-
Middle Japanese: kàt-
Tokyo: kát-
Kyoto: kàt-
Kagoshima: kàt-
Comments: JLTT 706.
Proto-Japanese: *kàtá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shoulder
Russian meaning: плечо
Old Japanese: kata
Middle Japanese: kàtá
Tokyo: káta
Kyoto: kàtá
Kagoshima: katá
Comments: JLTT 442.
Proto-Japanese: *kátà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side, direction; form, shape
Russian meaning: сторона, направление; форма, вид
Old Japanese: kata
Middle Japanese: kátà
Tokyo: katá
Kyoto: kátà
Kagoshima: káta
Comments: JLTT 442.
Proto-Japanese: *kátà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tide, ebb-tide 2 beach, bay
Russian meaning: 1 отлив 2 залив, лагуна
Old Japanese: kata 1
Middle Japanese: kátà 1
Tokyo: kata 2
Comments: JLTT 442.
Proto-Japanese: *kàtà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: enemy, opposite
Russian meaning: враг, противник
Middle Japanese: kàtàkjì
Tokyo: katakí
Kyoto: kátàkì
Kagoshima: katakí
Comments: JLTT 443.
Proto-Japanese: *kátá-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hard
Russian meaning: твердый
Old Japanese: kata-
Middle Japanese: kátá-
Tokyo: kàta-
Kyoto: kátà-
Kagoshima: káta-
Comments: JLTT 831.
Proto-Japanese: *kata-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to mix, join, unite
Russian meaning: смешивать, соединять
Old Japanese: kata-
Middle Japanese: kata-
Comments: JLTT 706.
Proto-Japanese: *kàtà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: one of two sides
Russian meaning: одна из двух сторон
Old Japanese: kata
Middle Japanese: kàtà
Comments: JLTT 442.
Proto-Japanese: *kàta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beggar, beggary
Russian meaning: нищий, нищенство
Old Japanese: kata-no-wi
Middle Japanese: kata-wi, kata-no-wi (RJ kàtáfi, kàtafí)
Comments: JLTT 443.
Proto-Japanese: *kàtai
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: provisions, food for travelling
Russian meaning: провизия, запас пищи
Old Japanese: kate
Middle Japanese: kate
Tokyo: káte, katé
Kyoto: kátè
Kagoshima: katé
Comments: JLTT 444. Without the RJ evidence it is somewhat difficult to reconstruct accent on the 2d syllable; however, all accent reflexes seem to point to low tone in the 1st syllable.
Proto-Japanese: *kátáma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bamboo basket
Russian meaning: бамбуковая корзина
Old Japanese: katama
Middle Japanese: kátámí, kátámì
Tokyo: katami
Comments: JLTT 443.
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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