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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *kárà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: empty
Russian meaning: пустой
Middle Japanese: kara (in comp.)
Tokyo: kará
Kyoto: kàrá
Kagoshima: kárà
Comments: JLTT 438. The accent in Kyoto is irregular, but Tokyo and Kagoshima point more or less certainly to *kárà. Despite Martin (ibid.), the word should be probably distinguished from *kárà 'shell'.
Proto-Japanese: *kàra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plaice
Russian meaning: камбала
Middle Japanese: kàrèfí
Tokyo: kárei
Kyoto: kárèì
Kagoshima: kareí
Comments: JLTT 440. The PJ accent is not quite clear (but the first syllable should undoubtedly be reconstructed with low tone).
Proto-Japanese: *kárà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: handle, counter for handles and long thin objects
Russian meaning: рукоять, счетное слово для рукояток и длинных тонких предметов
Old Japanese: kara
Middle Japanese: kárà
Comments: JLTT 438.
Proto-Japanese: *kara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clan, family
Russian meaning: род, семья
Old Japanese: kara
Comments: JLTT 438.
Proto-Japanese: *kàràm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wind around, to cling to
Russian meaning: обвиваться, цепляться
Old Japanese: karamar-
Middle Japanese: kàràm-
Tokyo: karám-
Kyoto: kárám-
Kagoshima: karám-
Comments: JLTT 704. The accent in Kagoshima is irregular (possibly under literary influence).
Proto-Japanese: *kàràmùsì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Boehmeria frutescens, a k. of hemp
Russian meaning: вид конопли, Boehmeria frutescens
Middle Japanese: kàràmùsì
Tokyo: karamushi
Comments: JLTT 439. Analysed within Jpn. as kara 'China' + musi 'ramie', which may be a folk etymology.
Proto-Japanese: *kárá(n)tá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: body
Russian meaning: тело
Tokyo: kàrada
Kyoto: kárádá
Kagoshima: karáda
Comments: JLTT 438. The meaning 'body' is attested late, but there are some attestations of kara 'stem, stalk' ( = 'body') already in Man'yōshū, apparently different from kara 'shell'.
Proto-Japanese: *kara-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crow
Russian meaning: ворона
Old Japanese: karasu
Middle Japanese: kàrásu
Tokyo: kàrasu
Kyoto: kàràsù
Kagoshima: karásu
Comments: JLTT 439. Accent relations are quite unclear.
Proto-Japanese: *kàrí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: goose
Russian meaning: гусь
Old Japanese: kari
Middle Japanese: kàrí
Tokyo: kári
Kyoto: kárí
Kagoshima: kári
Comments: JLTT 440. Tones in Kyoto and Kagoshima point to *kárí, but the attested RJ and Tokyo tones speak in favour of *kàrí.
Proto-Japanese: *kàrimǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: axle, metal tube for axle
Russian meaning: ось, втулка
Old Japanese: karimo
Middle Japanese: kàmò
Comments: JLTT 436.
Proto-Japanese: *kàrú-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: light (of weight)
Russian meaning: легкий
Old Japanese: karu-
Middle Japanese: kàrú-nari
Tokyo: kàru-
Kyoto: kárù-
Kagoshima: káru-
Comments: JLTT 831. Kyoto and Kagoshima point rather to *kárú-, but the attested MJ form is kàrú-.
Proto-Japanese: *kàsá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: umbrella
Russian meaning: зонтик
Old Japanese: kasa
Middle Japanese: kàsá
Tokyo: kása
Kyoto: kàsá
Kagoshima: kasá
Comments: JLTT 441.
Proto-Japanese: *kásá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scab
Russian meaning: струп, язва
Old Japanese: kasa
Middle Japanese: kásá
Tokyo: kàsa
Kyoto: kásá
Kagoshima: kása
Comments: JLTT 441.
Proto-Japanese: *kásá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 size, layer 2 to heap up, pile up
Russian meaning: 1 размер, слой 2 накладывать, наслаивать
Old Japanese: kasana- 2
Middle Japanese: kásá 1, kásána- 2
Tokyo: kàsane- 2
Kyoto: kásáné- 2
Kagoshima: kasané- 2
Comments: JLTT 441, 704.
Proto-Japanese: *kasai
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: spool, tool for spinning, spool string
Russian meaning: катушка, инструмент для наматывания, нить из катушки
Old Japanese: kase, kasep(j)i
Middle Japanese: kase
Tokyo: kase
Comments: JLTT 441.
Proto-Japanese: *kàsàsákì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: magpie
Russian meaning: сорока
Old Japanese: kasasak(j)i
Middle Japanese: kasasaki
Tokyo: kàsasagi, kasásagi
Kyoto: kàsàságì
Kagoshima: kasasagí
Comments: JLTT 441.
Proto-Japanese: *kasǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: father
Russian meaning: отец
Old Japanese: kaso
Middle Japanese: kàzó, kázó
Comments: JLTT 447.
Proto-Japanese: *kàsi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fetters, shackles
Russian meaning: оковы, кандалы
Old Japanese: kasi
Middle Japanese: kasi, kase
Tokyo: káse
Kyoto: kásé
Kagoshima: kasé
Comments: JLTT 441. Tokyo and Kagoshima point to *kàs(a)í or *kàs(a)î, but Kyoto points to *kás(a)í (the word is not attested in RJ).
Proto-Japanese: *kasi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Quercus acuta Thunb.
Russian meaning: вид дуба
Old Japanese: kasi
Middle Japanese: kàsì
Tokyo: káshi
Kyoto: kàshî
Kagoshima: kashí
Comments: JLTT 441. The accent is not quite clear: either *kàsì (cf. RJ) or *kàsî (suggested by the Kyoto form).
Proto-Japanese: *kasi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse, damn; cast a spell
Russian meaning: проклинать; заклинать
Old Japanese: kasi-r-
Middle Japanese: kasi-r-
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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