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Japanese etymology :

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *kapa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: skin, leather; bark
Russian meaning: кожа; кора
Old Japanese: kapa
Middle Japanese: kàfà
Tokyo: kawá
Kyoto: káwá 'skin', kàwá 'leather'
Kagoshima: kawá
Nase: kó
Shuri: kā́
Yonakuni: kā̀
Comments: JLTT 445. The tone opposition in Kyoto points to PJ *kápá 'skin' vs. *kàpà or *kàpá 'leather' (the RJ and Tokyo accentuation pointing to *kàpà, but Kyoto - to *kàpá).
Proto-Japanese: *kápà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: river
Russian meaning: река
Old Japanese: kapa
Middle Japanese: káfà
Tokyo: kawá
Kyoto: káwà
Kagoshima: káwa
Comments: JLTT 445.
Proto-Japanese: *kápá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side
Russian meaning: сторона
Tokyo: kàwa
Kyoto: káwá
Kagoshima: káwa
Comments: JLTT 445.
Proto-Japanese: *kàpài ( ~ -ia)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of cypress or Thuja
Russian meaning: вид кипариса или туи
Old Japanese: kap(j)e
Middle Japanese: kàfè
Comments: JLTT 432.
Proto-Japanese: *kapaju-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lovely
Russian meaning: милый
Middle Japanese: kafaju-
Tokyo: kawaí-
Kyoto: káwáì-
Kagoshima: kawái-
Comments: JLTT 831. Original accent unclear.
Proto-Japanese: *kápárá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shallow, sandy place in a river or on its bank
Russian meaning: отмель, песчаное место на реке или на берегу
Old Japanese: kapara
Middle Japanese: kafara
Tokyo: kàwara
Kyoto: káwárá
Kagoshima: kawára
Comments: JLTT 446. The word is usually treated as *kápà 'river' + *pàrà 'plain', but the elision is strange and the accent does not fit. This is most probably a folk-etymology due to secondary phonetic coincidence.
Proto-Japanese: *kàpì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 egg 2 shell
Russian meaning: 1 яйцо 2 скорлупа
Old Japanese: kapjigwo 1, kapji 1, 2
Middle Japanese: kàfìgò 1, kàfì 1, 2
Tokyo: kái 2
Kyoto: káì 2
Kagoshima: kaí 2
Nase: kùgá 1
Hateruma: kɛ́ 1
Yonakuni: káíNù 1
Comments: JLTT 433. The Tokyo accent points to a variant *kàpí.
Proto-Japanese: *kápí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: valley between mountains
Russian meaning: долина между гор
Old Japanese: kapji
Middle Japanese: káfí
Comments: JLTT 433.
Proto-Japanese: *kàpì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scoop, ladle, spoon
Russian meaning: черпак, ложка
Old Japanese: kapji
Middle Japanese: kàfì
Comments: JLTT 433 (unjustly united with kapji 'egg, shell').
Proto-Japanese: *kapiara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: oar
Russian meaning: весло
Old Japanese: kapjera
Proto-Japanese: *kápiàru(n)tai
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of maple tree
Russian meaning: вид клена
Old Japanese: kapjerude
Middle Japanese: káfèdé
Tokyo: kàede
Kyoto: kàèdé
Kagoshima: kaéde
Comments: JLTT 432. Etymologized as 'frog hand', which is most probably a folk-etymology.
Proto-Japanese: *kàpìná
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: arm
Russian meaning: рука (верхняя часть)
Old Japanese: kapjina
Middle Japanese: kàfìná
Tokyo: káina, kàina
Kyoto: káiná
Kagoshima: kainá
Comments: JLTT 433. The Kyoto accent is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *kápúa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: face
Russian meaning: лицо
Old Japanese: kap(w)o
Middle Japanese: káfó
Tokyo: kào
Kyoto: káó
Kagoshima: káo
Comments: JLTT 438.
Proto-Japanese: *kár-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to borrow
Russian meaning: брать в долг
Old Japanese: kar-
Middle Japanese: kár-
Tokyo: kàri-
Kyoto: kárí-
Kagoshima: karí-
Comments: JLTT 704. The transitive match ('to lend') is PJ *kár-s- > OJ kás-.
Proto-Japanese: *kár-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shear, mow
Russian meaning: срезать, косить
Old Japanese: kar-
Middle Japanese: kár-
Tokyo: kàr-
Kyoto: kár-
Kagoshima: kár-
Comments: JLTT 704.
Proto-Japanese: *kàr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hunt for, demand, search; drive
Russian meaning: охотиться, требовать, искать; гнать
Old Japanese: kar-
Middle Japanese: kàr-
Tokyo: kár-, kàr-
Kyoto: kár-
Kagoshima: kár-
Comments: JLTT 704. The dialects also reflect *kár-, but the reconstruction *kàr- is more probable because of RJ evidence.
Proto-Japanese: *kára-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to stay away, get apart; die
Russian meaning: отделяться, удаляться; умирать
Old Japanese: kara-
Middle Japanese: kára-
Comments: JLTT 704.
Proto-Japanese: *kárà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shell
Russian meaning: скорлупа
Middle Japanese: kárà
Tokyo: kará
Kyoto: kàrá
Kagoshima: kára
Comments: JLTT 438. The Kyoto accent is aberrant (*kárà would be expected).
Proto-Japanese: *kárá-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dry out; to become ripe
Russian meaning: высыхать; созревать
Old Japanese: kara-
Middle Japanese: kárá-
Tokyo: kàre-
Kyoto: káré-
Kagoshima: karé-
Comments: JLTT 704.
Proto-Japanese: *kàrà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bitter
Russian meaning: горький
Old Japanese: kara-
Middle Japanese: kàrà-
Tokyo: kará-
Kyoto: kárà-
Kagoshima: kará-
Comments: JLTT 830. Cf. also *kàrásì 'vinegar; mustard'.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

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