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Japanese etymology :

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *kànàp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to match
Russian meaning: соответствовать, подходить
Old Japanese: kanap-
Middle Japanese: kànàf-
Tokyo: kaná-
Kyoto: káná-
Kagoshima: kaná-
Comments: JLTT 703. All forms point to *kànà-p- except Kagoshima ( < *káná-p-).
Proto-Japanese: *kánáransu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: necessarily, certainly
Russian meaning: обязательно
Old Japanese: kanarazu
Middle Japanese: kánárazu
Tokyo: kanarazu
Comments: Formally kanarazu is a negation of kanari 'enough' ('not enough' > 'necessarily'). The latter is not attested in RJ, and the modern dialects speak rather in favour of *kànárì.
Proto-Japanese: *kání
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crab
Russian meaning: краб
Old Japanese: kani
Middle Japanese: kání
Tokyo: kàni
Kyoto: kání
Kagoshima: káni
Comments: JLTT 437.
Proto-Japanese: *kání-pà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: birch
Russian meaning: береза
Old Japanese: kanipa 'bark of some trees'
Middle Japanese: kánífà
Tokyo: kaba
Comments: JLTT 431.
Proto-Japanese: *kan-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smell
Russian meaning: нюхать, обонять
Old Japanese: kag-
Middle Japanese: kág-
Tokyo: kàg-
Kyoto: kàg-
Kagoshima: kág-
Comments: JLTT 701. Kyoto points to *kàNk-, but other dialects and RJ - to *káNk-.
Proto-Japanese: *kànkà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 crown 2 to put on (upper clothes) 3 to incur, sustain
Russian meaning: 1 венец, корона 2 надевать (верхнюю одежду) 3 подвергаться
Old Japanese: kage 1, kagapur- 2, 3
Middle Japanese: kabur-, kaubur- 2, 3
Tokyo: kabúr- 2, kōmúr- 3
Kyoto: kábúr- 2, kṓmúr- 3
Kagoshima: kàbùr- 2, kṑmùr- 3
Comments: JLTT 700, 712. Modern kōmur- < kaum(b)ur- < kankapur- ( = OJ kagapur- with reduction of the middle syllable); the variant kabur- is a result of contamination with *kàm(p)- 'head' (v. sub *ki̯amp`a).
Proto-Japanese: *kánká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to glitter, shine
Russian meaning: блестеть, светить
Old Japanese: kakajak-, kagajwop-
Middle Japanese: kákájak-, kagajof-
Tokyo: kàgayak-, kagayák-
Kyoto: kágáyák-
Kagoshima: kagayák-
Comments: JLTT 701.
Proto-Japanese: *kánkám-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bend
Russian meaning: гнуться
Old Japanese: kagam-
Middle Japanese: kágám-
Tokyo: kàgam-
Kyoto: kágám-
Kagoshima: kagám-
Comments: JLTT 701.
Proto-Japanese: *kànkâ-i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shadow; reflection
Russian meaning: тень; отражение
Old Japanese: kage
Middle Japanese: kàgé
Tokyo: káge
Kyoto: kàgê
Kagoshima: kagé
Comments: JLTT 432.
Proto-Japanese: *kánsá-i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wind
Russian meaning: ветер
Old Japanese: kaze
Middle Japanese: kázé
Tokyo: kàze
Kyoto: kázé
Kagoshima: káze
Nase: kaǯé
Shuri: káǯi
Hateruma: ka_̀čì
Yonakuni: kadí
Comments: JLTT 447. OJ kaza- in compounds, which allows to reconstruct *kánsá-i.
Proto-Japanese: *ka(n)su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dried herring roe
Russian meaning: сушеные молоки сельди
Tokyo: kazu-no-ko
Proto-Japanese: *kántì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: steering wheel, steering oar
Russian meaning: руль, рулевое весло
Old Japanese: kadi
Middle Japanese: kádì
Tokyo: káji
Kyoto: kájì
Kagoshima: káji
Comments: JLTT 447. Regular except for the Tokyo accent (*kají would be expected).
Proto-Japanese: *kántí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: paper tree, Broussonetia papyrifera
Russian meaning: бумажное дерево
Old Japanese: kadi
Middle Japanese: kádí
Tokyo: kaji no ki
Comments: JLTT 447.
Proto-Japanese: *kàntúa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: angle, corner
Russian meaning: угол
Middle Japanese: kàdó
Tokyo: kádo
Kyoto: kàdó
Kagoshima: kadó
Comments: JLTT 432.
Proto-Japanese: *kàntuá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ability, talent
Russian meaning: способность, талант
Old Japanese: kad(w)o
Middle Japanese: kàdó
Comments: JLTT 432 (treated together with 'corner').
Proto-Japanese: *kántuà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gate
Russian meaning: ворота
Old Japanese: kadwo
Middle Japanese: kádwò
Tokyo: kádo
Kyoto: kádò
Kagoshima: kadó
Comments: JLTT 431. The Kyoto and Kagoshima accent is quite irregular - obviously, due to a merger with *kàntúa 'corner'.
Proto-Japanese: *kàntùk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dive
Russian meaning: нырять, погружаться
Old Japanese: kaduk-
Middle Japanese: kàdùk-
Tokyo: kazúk-
Kyoto: kázúk-
Comments: JLTT 707.
Proto-Japanese: *kántúrá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vine, creeper
Russian meaning: лоза
Old Japanese: kadura
Middle Japanese: kádúra
Tokyo: kàzura
Kyoto: kázùrà
Kagoshima: kazúra
Comments: JLTT 447. All dialects except Kyoto point to high tone.
Proto-Japanese: *káp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: buy, (ex)change
Russian meaning: покупать
Old Japanese: kap-
Middle Japanese: káf-
Tokyo: kà-
Kyoto: ká-
Kagoshima: ká-
Comments: JLTT 706. Cf. also *kápá-, *kápár- 'change'.
Proto-Japanese: *kap- / *kam-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 turtle 2 frog
Russian meaning: 1 черепаха 2 лягушка
Old Japanese: kame 1, kapjeru, kapadu 2
Middle Japanese: kàmè 1, kaferu, kafadu 2
Tokyo: káme 1, kàeru, kàwazu 2
Kyoto: kàmê 1, kàèrú, kàwàzú 2
Kagoshima: kamé 1, kaerú, kawázu 2
Comments: JLTT 432, 435, 446. Original accent is not quite clear.
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

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