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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *ìtí(n)kuà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: strawberry, raspberry
Russian meaning: земляника, малина
Old Japanese: itib(j)ik(w)o
Middle Japanese: ìtígò
Tokyo: íchigo, ìchigo
Kyoto: ìchígò
Kagoshima: ichigó
Comments: JLTT 428. Most forms point to *ìtí(n)kuà, but the Tokyo form ìchigo - to *ítí(n)kuá or *ìtì(n)kuà.
Proto-Japanese: *ì-tù-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: five
Russian meaning: пять
Old Japanese: itu-
Middle Japanese: ìtù-
Tokyo: itsú-
Kyoto: ítsù-
Kagoshima: itsú-
Comments: JLTT 428, 429. Initial i- is not quite clear; it is used on its own with the meaning 'fifty', and in i-po 'five hundred' (if this is not a contraction < *it(u)-pǝ).
Proto-Japanese: *ìtuá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thread
Russian meaning: нить
Old Japanese: it(w)o
Middle Japanese: ìtó
Tokyo: íto
Kyoto: itó
Kagoshima: itó
Comments: JLTT 428.
Proto-Japanese: *itua
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 young, lovable 2 cousin
Russian meaning: 1 юный, милый 2 племянник
Old Japanese: itwo-kwo 2, it(w)ok(j)e-na- 'young, small'
Middle Japanese: ito, ito-si- 1, itó-ko 2
Tokyo: ito-shí- 1, itóko 2
Kyoto: ítóshì- 1, ítòkò 2
Kagoshima: itóshi- 1, itokó 2
Comments: JLTT 428. Accent correspondences are unclear.
Proto-Japanese: *jásí-nap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to feed, take care of
Russian meaning: кормить, растить, заботиться о
Old Japanese: jasinap-
Middle Japanese: jásínaf-
Tokyo: yàshina-
Kyoto: yáshíná-
Kagoshima: yashiná-
Comments: JLTT 785.
Proto-Japanese: *júkár-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be related, connected 2 relation, connection
Russian meaning: 1 быть связанным, находиться в связи 2 связь, отношение
Middle Japanese: jukar- 1, jukari 2
Tokyo: yùkari 2
Kyoto: yúkárí 2
Kagoshima: yukári 2
Proto-Japanese: *ka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: interrogative particle
Russian meaning: вопросительная частица
Old Japanese: -ka
Middle Japanese: -ka
Tokyo: -ka
Proto-Japanese: *ká
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mosquito
Russian meaning: комар
Old Japanese: ka
Middle Japanese: ka
Tokyo: kà
Kyoto: kā́
Kagoshima: ká
Comments: JLTT 430.
Proto-Japanese: *kái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hair
Russian meaning: волос
Old Japanese: ke
Middle Japanese: ké
Tokyo: kè
Kyoto: kē̂
Kagoshima: ké
Nase: kɨ́
Shuri: kī́
Hateruma: kī̀
Yonakuni: kī́
Comments: JLTT 447.
Proto-Japanese: *ka(i)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: day, period of time
Russian meaning: день, период времени
Old Japanese: ke
Comments: The root is also attested as a suffixed -ka (patu-ka '20 days', itu-ka '5 days' etc.), see JLTT 430, 448.
Proto-Japanese: *káiN-púri ( ~ *kiá-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: smoke
Russian meaning: дым
Old Japanese: k(j)eburi
Middle Japanese: kébúri
Tokyo: kèmuri
Kyoto: kémúrí
Kagoshima: kemúi
Nase: kɨ̀bùší
Shuri: kìbúšì
Hateruma: ki_̀pu_̀sɨ̀
Yonakuni: kìbúnčí
Comments: JLTT 448. Historically a compound with *pur- 'to wave' (or *pur- 'to snow, rain'); the Ryukyu variant *kaiNpusi may reflect a different suffixation (or the influence of *mus- 'to boil, steam'). Simple *kai is also attested in OJ as ke 'vapour, breath'; the word is traditionally regarded as borrowed < MChin. khɨ̀j id., but the vocalism is somewhat strange (one would rather expect OJ ki - which, as a matter of fact, is also attested and is the normal Goon / Kanon reading of the character 氣).
Proto-Japanese: *káintúr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape off
Russian meaning: соскребать
Old Japanese: kedur-
Middle Japanese: kédúr-
Tokyo: kezur-
Comments: JLTT 708.
Proto-Japanese: *kàjá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Miscanthus sinensis
Russian meaning: мискант
Old Japanese: kaja
Middle Japanese: kàjá
Tokyo: káya
Kyoto: káyá
Kagoshima: kayá
Comments: JLTT 446. All forms point to *kàjá except Kyoto which is aberrant.
Proto-Japanese: *kaja
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Torreya nucifera
Russian meaning: японский мускатный орех
Old Japanese: kaja
Middle Japanese: kaja
Tokyo: kaya
Comments: JLTT 446. PJ accent is unclear.
Proto-Japanese: *kajǝ-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to approach
Russian meaning: приближаться
Old Japanese: kajor-
Middle Japanese: kajor-
Comments: JLTT 706.
Proto-Japanese: *kàjí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: oar
Russian meaning: весло
Old Japanese: kai
Middle Japanese: kai
Tokyo: kái
Kyoto: kàí
Kagoshima: kaí
Comments: JLTT 433.
Proto-Japanese: *kàjù-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: itching
Russian meaning: зудеть, зудящий
Old Japanese: kaju-
Middle Japanese: kàjù-
Tokyo: kayú-
Kyoto: káyù-
Kagoshima: kayú-
Comments: JLTT 831.
Proto-Japanese: *kájuáp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to walk, go back and forth
Russian meaning: ходить
Old Japanese: kajwop-
Middle Japanese: kájóf-
Tokyo: kàyo-
Kyoto: káyó-
Kagoshima: kayó-
Comments: JLTT 707.
Proto-Japanese: *kàk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scratch, scrape
Russian meaning: скрести, царапать
Old Japanese: kak-
Middle Japanese: kàk-
Tokyo: kák-
Kyoto: kàk-
Kagoshima: kàk-
Comments: JLTT 702.
Proto-Japanese: *kàk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hook; key 2 to attach, hang 3 to be attached
Russian meaning: 1 крюк; ключ 2 прицеплять, вешать 3 прикрепляться
Old Japanese: kag(j)i 1, kak(a)- 2, kaka-r- 3
Middle Japanese: kàgì 1, kàka- 2, kàkà-r- 3
Tokyo: kagí 1, kaké- 2, kakár- 3
Kyoto: kágì 1, kàkè- 2, kákár- 3
Kagoshima: kagí 1, kàkè- 2, kàkàr- 3
Comments: JLTT 433, 702. Accent in Kyoto kàkè- is irregular..
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1
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