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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *ǝnki-rǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wide and spacious
Russian meaning: обширный и просторный
Old Japanese: ogjiro
Comments: JLTT 504.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀ntà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: quiet, peaceful
Russian meaning: мирный, тихий, спокойный
Old Japanese: oda-pji-si
Middle Japanese: òdàfíkà, oda-si
Tokyo: odáya-ka
Kyoto: ódáyákà
Kagoshima: odayaká
Comments: JLTT 504, 838.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́ntǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fear 2 to intimidate
Russian meaning: 1 бояться 2 запугивать
Old Japanese: odu- 1
Middle Japanese: ódú- 1, ódó-s- 2
Tokyo: oji- 1, odos- 2
Comments: JLTT 740, 744.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́ntǝ́rǝ́
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thickly growing bushes
Russian meaning: заросли, кусты
Old Japanese: od(w)or(w)o
Middle Japanese: ódóró
Tokyo: odoro
Comments: JLTT 504.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀ntǝ̀rǝ̀k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be startled, horror-struck
Russian meaning: пугаться
Old Japanese: od(w)or(w)ok-
Middle Japanese: òdòròk-
Tokyo: odorók-
Kyoto: ódórók-
Kagoshima: odorók-
Comments: JLTT 740. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to carry on the back
Russian meaning: нести на спине
Old Japanese: op-
Middle Japanese: òf-
Tokyo: ò-
Kyoto: ò-
Kagoshima: ó-
Comments: JLTT 743. Tone is controversial: RJ and Kyoto < *ǝ̀p-, but Tokyo and Kagoshima < *ǝ́p-.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to follow, chase
Russian meaning: преследовать, гнаться за
Old Japanese: op-
Middle Japanese: óf-
Tokyo: ò-
Kyoto: ó-
Kagoshima: ó-
Comments: JLTT 743.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to put on clothes (on the upper body); to cover
Russian meaning: надевать одежду (на верхнюю часть тела); покрывать
Old Japanese: op-, op(w)op-
Middle Japanese: òfòf-
Tokyo: ṑ-
Kyoto: ṓ-
Kagoshima: ṓ-
Comments: JLTT 742, 743. Modern tones point rather to *ǝ́pǝ́p-, but this may be due to contraction.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀pǝ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: big; many
Russian meaning: большой; много
Old Japanese: opo-; opo(ki)-
Middle Japanese: òfò-; ofo(ki)-
Tokyo: ṓ-; ōkí-
Kyoto: ō̂-
Kagoshima: ṓ-
Nase: Fū́-
Shuri: úFú-
Hateruma: bù-sà-
Comments: JLTT 838.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝpǝ-mǝnǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: food
Russian meaning: пища, еда
Old Japanese: op(w)omono
Comments: JLTT 509. The analysis of the word as "big thing" is obviously a folk etymology: cf. the same root also in a verbal derivative OJ op(w)o-k- 'to eat greedily'.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝpǝpǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: perturbed, taken aback
Russian meaning: встревоженный, в замешательстве, мрачный
Old Japanese: op(w)op(w)o-si
Middle Japanese: obobo-si
Comments: JLTT 838.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to weave
Russian meaning: ткать
Old Japanese: or-
Middle Japanese: ór-
Tokyo: ór-
Kyoto: òr-
Kagoshima: òr-
Comments: JLTT 742. For accent cf. RJ ór- (modern dialects have merged phonetically ór-ù 'to weave' and wòr-ù 'to bend', which are well distinguished in early sources).
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́rá-mp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cry, wail
Russian meaning: кричать
Old Japanese: orab-
Comments: JLTT 742. High tone is reconstructed on the basis of dialectal evidence (Ibuki-jima, Nakijin wurabin A, see ibid.).
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀rǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lower, go down
Russian meaning: опускаться
Old Japanese: oru-
Middle Japanese: òru-
Tokyo: orí-
Kyoto: òrì-
Kagoshima: òrì-
Comments: JLTT 742. For final *-ǝ- cf. the causative PJ *ǝ̀rǝ́-s-, OJ oros- 'to lower, drop'.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝrǝ-ka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foolish
Russian meaning: глупый
Old Japanese: oro-ka
Middle Japanese: óró-ka
Tokyo: óroka
Kyoto: óròkà
Kagoshima: oroká
Comments: JLTT 511. All modern forms point to a low tone (either *ǝ̀rǝ̀ká or *ǝ̀rǝ̀kà), but the accent attested in RJ contradicts it.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́sǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: late
Russian meaning: поздний
Old Japanese: oso-
Middle Japanese: ósó-
Tokyo: òso-
Kyoto: ósò-
Kagoshima: óso-
Comments: JLTT 839.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝsǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to put on upper clothes 2 upper clothes
Russian meaning: 1 надевать верхнюю одежду 2 верхняя одежда
Old Japanese: oso-kji, osu-pji 2
Middle Japanese: osof- 1, osofi 2
Comments: JLTT 512.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́sǝ́p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cover
Russian meaning: покрывать
Old Japanese: os(w)op-
Middle Japanese: osof-
Tokyo: òso-
Kyoto: ósó-
Kagoshima: osó-
Comments: JLTT 743 (homonymous with 'attack' and 'suppress' - obviously a secondary confusion with derivatives of *ǝ́s- 'push, press').
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀sǝ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be scared, afraid
Russian meaning: бояться
Old Japanese: os(w)or-
Middle Japanese: òsòr-
Tokyo: osoré-
Kyoto: ósóré-
Kagoshima: òsòrè-
Comments: JLTT 743.
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀tǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fall
Russian meaning: падать
Old Japanese: otu-
Middle Japanese: òtu-
Tokyo: ochí-
Kyoto: òchì-
Kagoshima: ochi-
Comments: JLTT 743. The root *ǝ̀tǝ́- is recoverable from derivatives like OJ oto-s- (*ǝ̀tǝ́-s-) 'to cause to fall'.
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

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