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Japanese etymology :

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *ámá-, *ántí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 taste 2 tasty, sweet
Russian meaning: 1 вкус 2 вкусный, сладкий
Old Japanese: adi 1, ama- 2
Middle Japanese: ádí 1, ámá- 2
Tokyo: àji 1, àma- 2
Kyoto: ájí 1, ámà- 2
Kagoshima: áji 1, áma- 2
Comments: JLTT 389, 825.
Proto-Japanese: *àmâi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sky; rain
Russian meaning: небо; дождь
Old Japanese: ame
Middle Japanese: àmè
Tokyo: áme
Kyoto: àmê
Kagoshima: amé
Nase: àmɨ́
Shuri: ámí
Hateruma: àmí
Yonakuni: àmì
Comments: JLTT 381.
Proto-Japanese: *àm-, *àmì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to knit, weave 2 net
Russian meaning: 1 вязать, ткать 2 сеть
Old Japanese: amji 2
Middle Japanese: àm- 1, àmì 2
Tokyo: ám- 1, amí 2
Kyoto: àm- 1, ámì 2
Kagoshima: àm- 1, amí 2
Comments: Cf. also OJ ama 'fisherman'. JLTT 381, 676.
Proto-Japanese: *ámpárá-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rave, rage
Russian meaning: бушевать
Middle Japanese: abara-
Tokyo: àbare-
Kyoto: ábáré-
Kagoshima: abaré-
Comments: JLTT 674.
Proto-Japanese: *ámpárá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rib
Russian meaning: ребро
Tokyo: àbara(bone)
Kyoto: ábárá(bóné)
Kagoshima: abara(bóne)
Comments: JLTT 376.
Proto-Japanese: *ampu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to waste, discard, throw away 2 to suffer a loss, roam in a wasted state
Russian meaning: 1 выкидывать, выбрасывать 2 терпеть неудачу, потерянно бродить
Old Japanese: abu-s- 1
Middle Japanese: abura- 2
Tokyo: aburé- 2
Kyoto: ábúré- 2
Kagoshima: aburé- 2
Comments: The accent is difficult to reconstruct. The attestations of abu-ra- in OJ and MJ (RJ ábúra-) appear to mean 'to overflow' and probably represent a different root.
Proto-Japanese: *àmpùr-à
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat
Russian meaning: жир, масло
Old Japanese: abura
Tokyo: àbura
Kyoto: ábura
Kagoshima: abura
Nase: àbùrá
Shuri: ándá
Yonakuni: àndà
Proto-Japanese: *àmû
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gad-fly
Russian meaning: овод, слепень
Old Japanese: amu
Middle Japanese: àbú
Tokyo: ábu
Kyoto: àbû
Kagoshima: abú
Comments: JLTT 376.
Proto-Japanese: *ànà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hole
Russian meaning: дыра
Old Japanese: ana
Middle Japanese: ànà
Tokyo: aná
Kyoto: àná
Kagoshima: aná
Comments: The Kyoto accent is irregular (ánà would be expected). JLTT 381.
Proto-Japanese: *áná-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to despise, tease
Russian meaning: презирать, насмехаться
Old Japanese: ana-tur-
Middle Japanese: áná-tur-
Tokyo: anador-
Comments: JLTT 676.
Proto-Japanese: *ánái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elder sister
Russian meaning: старшая сестра
Old Japanese: ane
Middle Japanese: ane
Tokyo: àne
Kyoto: áné
Kagoshima: áne
Comments: JLTT 382.
Proto-Japanese: *ànî
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elder brother
Russian meaning: старший брат
Old Japanese: ani
Middle Japanese: ani
Tokyo: áni
Kyoto: ànî
Kagoshima: áni
Comments: JLTT 382. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *ánk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 gills 2 jaw, chin
Russian meaning: 1 жабры 2 челюсть, подбородок
Old Japanese: agji, agjitopji
Middle Japanese: ágì, ágító
Tokyo: agó 2, agito 1,2
Kyoto: àgô 2
Kagoshima: ágo 2
Comments: JLTT 377. RJ, Tokyo and Kagoshima point to *á(n)kV̀ (the root ending is somewhat hard to reconstruct), but Kyoto has an unexpected circumflex tone.
Proto-Japanese: *á(n)ká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to raise 2 give
Russian meaning: 1 поднимать 2 давать
Old Japanese: aga- 1
Middle Japanese: ágá- 1
Tokyo: àge- 1, 2
Kyoto: ágé- 1, 2
Kagoshima: agé- 1, 2
Comments: Also intrans. *ánká-r- 'to rise'. See JLTT 674, 675.
Proto-Japanese: *ànkà-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to paw (the air); struggle, strive
Russian meaning: бить копытами (о лошади); напрягаться
Old Japanese: agak-
Middle Japanese: àgàk-
Tokyo: agák-
Kyoto: ágák-
Kagoshima: àgàk-
Comments: JLTT 674. Usually analysed as a compound *asi 'foot' + *kak- 'scrape', which is probably a folk-etymological explanation.
Proto-Japanese: *ánta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 enemy 2 other
Russian meaning: 1 враг 2 другой
Old Japanese: ata 1, ata-si 2
Middle Japanese: átá 1, átà-sì, ada-si 2
Tokyo: adá 1
Kyoto: ádà 1
Kagoshima: ádà 1
Comments: Modern dialects point to *ántà; RJ has átá. See JLTT 376-377.
Proto-Japanese: *ántá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: useless, vain
Russian meaning: бесполезный, напрасный
Middle Japanese: ada
Tokyo: adá
Kyoto: ádà
Kagoshima: adá
Comments: JLTT 376. The word is usually confused etymologically with *áta 'foe', which seems, however, to have a different origin. Modern accentuation points to *ántá, but it may be secondary because of this confusion.
Proto-Japanese: *anti
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки
Old Japanese: adi
Proto-Japanese: *anti
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a good plough
Russian meaning: хороший плуг
Old Japanese: adi-sukji
Proto-Japanese: *àntùkà-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to take upon oneself
Russian meaning: иметь отношение к, брать на себя заботу о
Old Japanese: adukar-
Middle Japanese: àdùkàr-
Tokyo: azukár-
Kyoto: ázúkár-
Kagoshima: àzùkàr-
Comments: JLTT 680. The transitive parallel is *àntùkà-.
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

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