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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *sàwàk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sound, make a noise
Russian meaning: звучать, шуметь
Old Japanese: sawak-
Middle Japanese: sàwàk-
Tokyo: sawág-
Kyoto: sáwág-
Kagoshima: sawág-
Comments: JLTT 748. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *sàwùa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pole
Russian meaning: шест, жердь
Old Japanese: sawo
Middle Japanese: sàwò
Tokyo: saó
Kyoto: sáò
Kagoshima: saó
Comments: JLTT 518.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a deictic root (this)
Russian meaning: дейктическая основа (этот)
Old Japanese: so-
Middle Japanese: só-
Tokyo: sò-re
Kyoto: só-ré
Kagoshima: sói
Comments: JLTT 529. Cf. also the widely used OJ deictic / emphatic particle and pronoun si.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀jà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: arrow
Russian meaning: стрела
Old Japanese: soja
Middle Japanese: sòjà
Tokyo: soya
Comments: JLTT 531. May be a compound with ja `arrow', but so alone is not attested.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝjǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gentle, cool (of wind)
Russian meaning: прохладный, легкий (о ветре)
Old Japanese: sojo
Middle Japanese: sojo
Tokyo: soyo
Proto-Japanese: *sǝk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to get distant 2 stay away from
Russian meaning: 1 отдаляться 2 отступать, держаться поодаль
Old Japanese: sok- 1, soka- 2
Comments: JLTT 755.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́kǝ́
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bottom
Russian meaning: дно
Old Japanese: soko
Middle Japanese: sókó
Tokyo: sòko
Kyoto: sókó
Kagoshima: sóko
Comments: JLTT 530.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀kǝ̀-nap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to harm, damage 2 to deceive
Russian meaning: 1 вредить 2 обманывать
Old Japanese: s(w)ok(w)o-nap- 1
Middle Japanese: sòkò-naf- 1, 2
Tokyo: sokoná- 1
Kyoto: sókóná- 1
Kagoshima: sokoná- 1
Comments: JLTT 755. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular (perhaps influenced by literary Jpn.).
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́má-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dip, dye
Russian meaning: красить, погружать в краску
Old Japanese: soma-
Middle Japanese: sómá-
Tokyo: sòme-
Kyoto: sómé-
Kagoshima: somé-
Comments: JLTT 755.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝmpa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: freckles
Russian meaning: веснушки
Tokyo: sobakasu
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀nàpà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to present, offer (to gods etc.)
Russian meaning: предоставлять, приносить жертвоприношения
Old Japanese: sonapa-
Middle Japanese: sònàfà-
Tokyo: sonaé-, sonáe-
Kyoto: sónáé-
Kagoshima: sònàè-
Comments: JLTT 755.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝnia-m-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to grudge, envy
Russian meaning: испытывать недоброе чувство, завидовать
Old Japanese: sonem-
Middle Japanese: sóném-
Tokyo: soném-
Kyoto: sóném-
Kagoshima: sònèm-
Comments: JLTT 755. Original accent is not quite clear: modern dialects reflect rather *sǝ̀niàm-.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀nk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to chop, split off
Russian meaning: отрубать, отщеплять
Middle Japanese: sòg-
Tokyo: sóg-
Kyoto: sòg-
Comments: JLTT 755.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀npá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side
Russian meaning: бок, сторона
Middle Japanese: sòbá
Tokyo: sóba
Kyoto: sòbá
Kagoshima: sobá
Comments: JLTT 529.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to follow
Russian meaning: следовать
Old Japanese: s(w)op-
Middle Japanese: sóf-
Tokyo: sò-
Kyoto: só-
Kagoshima: só-
Comments: JLTT 756.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cut, shave
Russian meaning: резать, брить
Old Japanese: sor-
Middle Japanese: sòr-
Tokyo: sór-
Kyoto: sòr-
Kagoshima: sòr-
Comments: JLTT 756.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝr- ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be curved, bent
Russian meaning: изгибаться
Middle Japanese: sor-
Tokyo: sór-
Kyoto: sór-
Kagoshima: sór-
Comments: JLTT 756. Accent is not quite clear: Tokyo points to *sòr-, Kagoshima - to *sór-.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝra- ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to deviate
Russian meaning: отклоняться
Middle Japanese: sora-
Tokyo: soré-
Kyoto: sòré-
Kagoshima: soré-
Comments: JLTT 755. Accent is not clear: Kagoshima points to *sǝ́rá-, but Kyoto and Tokyo rather to *sǝ̀rá-.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́rǝ́-p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fit each other, be adjusted
Russian meaning: подходить друг к другу, быть прилаженным
Old Japanese: s(w)or(w)opa- 'to fit, adjust' (tr.)
Middle Japanese: sorof-, sórób-
Tokyo: soró-
Kyoto: sóró-
Kagoshima: sòrò-
Comments: JLTT 756. Accent in Tokyo and Kagoshima is aberrant.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́rì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sleigh
Russian meaning: сани
Tokyo: sóri
Kyoto: sórì
Kagoshima: sórì
Comments: JLTT 531. The Tokyo accent is irregular (sorí would be expected) and may be due to borrowing.
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20

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