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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ́r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be
Russian meaning: быть
Old Japanese: wor-
Middle Japanese: wór-
Tokyo: ór-
Kyoto: ór-
Kagoshima: ór-
Comments: JLTT 742. Accent in Tokyo is aberrant; all other dialects, as well as RJ wór-, point to *bǝ́r-.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to break; to bend
Russian meaning: ломать; гнуть
Old Japanese: wor-
Middle Japanese: wòr-
Tokyo: ór-
Kyoto: òr-
Kagoshima: òr-
Comments: JLTT 742.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ̀rǝ̀tì ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: big snake
Russian meaning: большая змея
Old Japanese: woroti
Middle Japanese: wòròtì, wòròdì
Tokyo: órochi
Kyoto: óròchì
Kagoshima: oróchi
Comments: JLTT 512. Accent in Tokyo and Kagoshima is aberrant.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: enclosure, cage
Russian meaning: загон, клетка
Middle Japanese: wòrí, wórí
Tokyo: orí
Kyoto: órì
Kagoshima: orí
Comments: JLTT 511.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ́rì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: time, occasion
Russian meaning: время, случай
Middle Japanese: wórì
Tokyo: orí
Kyoto: órì
Kagoshima: orí
Comments: Accent is not quite clear: RJ has wórì, but modern dialects (except Kyoto which is ambiguous) point rather to *bǝ̀rì. This may be explained by a folk-etymological influence of *bǝ̀r- 'to bend'.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ̀sákí, *ùsákí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hare
Russian meaning: заяц
Old Japanese: usakji, OJ East. dial. wosagji
Middle Japanese: ùsági
Tokyo: ùsagi
Kyoto: ùsàgí
Kagoshima: usagí
Comments: JLTT 564, JOAL 116-118.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝsǝ ( ~ -ua)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: otter
Russian meaning: выдра
Middle Japanese: woso
Tokyo: uso
Comments: JLTT 512.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ̀sì-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pity, regret
Russian meaning: жалеть
Old Japanese: wosi-
Middle Japanese: wòsì-
Tokyo: oshí-
Kyoto: óshì-
Kagoshima: oshí-
Comments: JLTT 839.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ́sí-pa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to teach
Russian meaning: учить
Old Japanese: wosipa-
Middle Japanese: wósífa-
Tokyo: òshie-
Kyoto: óshíé-
Kagoshima: oshié-
Comments: JLTT 742.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ̀tǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: girl
Russian meaning: девушка
Old Japanese: woto-mje
Middle Japanese: wòtó-mé
Tokyo: otóme, òtome
Kyoto: òtómè
Kagoshima: otomé
Comments: JLTT 513. The root should be kept distinct from OJ wòtò-kwò 'man', which in all probability goes back to *bǝ̀-tu-kua 'male child' and is parallelled by OJ wono-kwo id.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝtǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 day before yesterday 2 year before last
Russian meaning: 1 позавчера 2 в позапрошлом году
Old Japanese: woto-tu-pji 1, woto-tosi 2
Tokyo: ototói 1
Kyoto: ótótóì 1
Kagoshima: ototói 1
Comments: JLTT 513. Original accent not quite clear. The root is also attested as OJ woti ( < *bǝtǝ-i) 'remote (past); remote (place)'.
Proto-Japanese: *bǝ̀tu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reality
Russian meaning: истина, реальность
Old Japanese: wotu-(tu), utu-tu
Middle Japanese: ùtù-(tú)
Tokyo: ùtsutsu
Kyoto: ùtsùtsú
Kagoshima: ùtsùtsú
Comments: JLTT 566. Modern dialects point rather to a high tone on the second syllable.
Proto-Japanese: *bí ( ~ *bǝ́i)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pig
Russian meaning: свинья
Old Japanese: wi
Middle Japanese: wí
Tokyo: i(noshishi) (*'pig' + 'flesh')
Comments: JLTT 420.
Proto-Japanese: *bì ( ~ *bùi, *bǝ̀i)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: well
Russian meaning: колодец
Old Japanese: wi
Middle Japanese: wì
Tokyo: i
Comments: JLTT 420.
Proto-Japanese: *b(u)í-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sit 2 to be
Russian meaning: 1 сидеть 2 быть
Old Japanese: wi- 1, 2
Middle Japanese: wí- 1, 2
Tokyo: ì- 2
Kyoto: í- 2
Kagoshima: í-
Nase: jì-
Shuri: jì-
Hateruma: bì-
Comments: JLTT 698.
Proto-Japanese: *da
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: arrow
Russian meaning: стрела
Old Japanese: ja
Middle Japanese: ja
Tokyo: já
Kyoto: jā̂
Kagoshima: já
Comments: JLTT 569. The root reveals some accent variations: RJ has both já and jà; Kyoto and Kagoshima point to *dá (or *dâ), while Tokyo - to *dà.
Proto-Japanese: *da-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: eight
Russian meaning: восемь
Old Japanese: ja-
Middle Japanese: já-
Tokyo: ya-tsú
Kyoto: yá-tsù
Kagoshima: ya-tsú
Comments: JLTT 574. The accent, like in all numerals, is hard to reconstruct.
Proto-Japanese: *da
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: house
Russian meaning: дом, комната
Old Japanese: ja
Middle Japanese: já
Tokyo: yá
Kyoto: yà
Kagoshima: yà
Comments: JLTT 569. RJ has the "right upper" dot and the original accent is not quite clear.
Proto-Japanese: *dái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: handle
Russian meaning: ручка, рукоятка
Old Japanese: je
Middle Japanese:
Tokyo:
Kyoto:
Kagoshima:
Comments: JLTT 392.
Proto-Japanese: *dájà
Meaning: somewhat, sufficiently, considerably
Old Japanese: jaja
Middle Japanese: jájà
Tokyo: yáya
Kyoto: yáyà
Kagoshima: yáya
Comments: The Tokyo accent points to a variant *dàjá.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-meaning,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

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