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Japanese etymology :

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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *sai ( ~ sia)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beloved one
Russian meaning: возлюбленный
Old Japanese: se
Comments: JLTT 521.
Proto-Japanese: *sai ( ~ sia)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a measure of land (99 m2)
Russian meaning: мера земли (99 m2)
Middle Japanese: se
Tokyo: se
Proto-Japanese: *sái ~ *siá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shallow place
Russian meaning: отмель
Old Japanese: se
Middle Japanese: sé
Tokyo: sè
Kyoto: sé
Kagoshima: sé
Comments: JLTT 520.
Proto-Japanese: *sàik- ~ siàk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cough
Russian meaning: кашлять
Middle Japanese: sek-
Tokyo: sék-
Kyoto: sèk-
Kagoshima: sèk-
Comments: JLTT 749.
Proto-Japanese: *sáimì ( ~ -ia-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cicada
Russian meaning: цикада
Old Japanese: semji
Middle Japanese: sémì
Tokyo: sèmi
Kyoto: sémì
Kagoshima: sémi
Comments: JLTT 521. The tone in Tokyo is irregular (pointing to *sáimí).
Proto-Japanese: *sài-r- ( ~ *sià-r-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to urge; to contest
Russian meaning: побуждать; соперничать
Middle Japanese: ser-
Tokyo: sér-
Kyoto: sér-
Kagoshima: sèr-
Comments: JLTT 749.
Proto-Japanese: *sàjà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clear, light
Russian meaning: светлый, ясный
Old Japanese: saja, saja-ke-
Middle Japanese: sàjà, sàjà-ke-
Tokyo: sáyaka
Kyoto: sàyákà
Kagoshima: sayaká
Comments: JLTT 520.
Proto-Japanese: *sàk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rip, split
Russian meaning: расщеплять, раздирать
Old Japanese: sak-
Middle Japanese: sàk-
Tokyo: sák-
Kyoto: sàk-
Comments: JLTT 746.
Proto-Japanese: *sa-, *sania
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a prefix of reciprocal action 2 completely, definitely
Russian meaning: 1 префикс совместного действия 2 совершенно, совсем
Old Japanese: sa- 1, sane 2
Comments: JLTT 515. In some cases the meaning of the prefix is quite uncertain (euphonic?), e. g. sa-wi 'wild boar', sa-jwo 'night' etc.; but with verbs it usually denotes reciprocal or combined action (e. g. sa-ne- 'sleep together', sa-narabe- 'put together on one line' etc.).
Proto-Japanese: *sàkà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: slope, hill
Russian meaning: склон, холм
Old Japanese: saka
Middle Japanese: sàkà
Tokyo: saká
Kyoto: sákà
Kagoshima: saká
Comments: JLTT 516.
Proto-Japanese: *sákà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clever, intelligent
Russian meaning: умный, мудрый
Old Japanese: saka-si
Middle Japanese: sákà-si
Tokyo: sakashí-
Kyoto: sákáshì-
Kagoshima: sakáshi-
Comments: JLTT 839. RJ and Kagoshima point to high tone, while Tokyo is aberrant.
Proto-Japanese: *sáká-i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sake, alcoholic drink
Russian meaning: сакэ
Old Japanese: sake
Middle Japanese: sáké
Tokyo: sàke
Kyoto: sáké
Comments: JLTT 517. Modern sakana 'fish' is a late word, going back to MJ saka-na 'food (orig. 'vegetables') taken together with sake'; it is not attested in OJ.
Proto-Japanese: *sakai(m)p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cry, shout
Russian meaning: кричать
Old Japanese: sakeb-
Middle Japanese: sákéb-
Tokyo: sakéb-
Kyoto: sákéb-
Kagoshima: sàkèb-
Comments: JLTT 746. Accent not quite clear: modern dialects point rather to *sàkài(m)p-.
Proto-Japanese: *sàkàpì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: border
Russian meaning: граница
Old Japanese: sakapji
Middle Japanese: sàkàfì
Tokyo: sakái
Kyoto: sákàì
Kagoshima: sakaí
Comments: JLTT 516.
Proto-Japanese: *sàkâi (~-ia)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: salmon, white-fish
Russian meaning: кета, сиг
Middle Japanese: sàkè
Tokyo: sáke
Kyoto: sàkê
Kagoshima: sáke
Comments: JLTT 517. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *sáki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fortune, luck
Russian meaning: счастье, удача
Old Japanese: sakji
Comments: JLTT 517. Cf. also *saki-pap-, *sákár- 'flourish', *sakaja- 'prosper': these all may be derived from the same root *sak-, but mergers with the root *sák- 'to blossom' were also possible.
Proto-Japanese: *sákí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge
Russian meaning: конец, край
Old Japanese: sakji
Middle Japanese: sákí
Tokyo: sàki
Kyoto: sákí
Kagoshima: sáki
Comments: JLTT 517.
Proto-Japanese: *sákúra
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sakura
Russian meaning: сакура
Old Japanese: sakura
Middle Japanese: sákúrà
Tokyo: sàkura
Kyoto: sákúrá
Kagoshima: sakúra
Comments: JLTT 517. Modern dialects point rather to *sákúrá, but RJ has a low tone on the final syllable. The word can hardly be separated from *sák- 'to blossom' (OJ sak-, Tokyo sàk-, Kyoto sák-, Kagoshima - with an irregular tone - sàk-).
Proto-Japanese: *sàkùrì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hiccough
Russian meaning: икота
Middle Japanese: sàkùrì
Tokyo: shakkuri
Comments: JLTT 517.
Proto-Japanese: *sámà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: form, shape
Russian meaning: форма, вид
Old Japanese: sama
Middle Japanese: sama
Tokyo: samá
Kyoto: sámà
Kagoshima: sáma
Comments: JLTT 517.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20

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