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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *pìsǝ́-ka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hidden, secret
Russian meaning: тайный, секретный
Old Japanese: p(j)is(w)oka
Middle Japanese: fìsóka
Tokyo: hísoka
Kyoto: hìsókà
Kagoshima: hisoká
Comments: JLTT 409. Cf. also *pìsòmà- 'to lie concealed' (see JLTT 690).
Proto-Japanese: *písí, *pisi(n)k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 fish-fork 2 to break up
Russian meaning: 1 двузубые вилы, острога 2 разбивать, раздавливать
Middle Japanese: físí 1, físíg- 2
Tokyo: hishi 1, hishíg- 2
Kyoto: híshíg- 2
Kagoshima: hìshìg- 2
Comments: JLTT 690. In *pisi(n)k- RJ has high tone, but all modern dialects point rather to *pìsì(n)k-.
Proto-Japanese: *pìsì-kuá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: anchovy
Russian meaning: анчоусы
Middle Japanese: fìsìkó
Comments: JLTT 409.
Proto-Japanese: *písípǝ́
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of bean paste; salted meat or fish
Russian meaning: вид бобовой пасты; соленое мясо или рыба
Old Japanese: p(j)isip(w)o
Middle Japanese: físífó
Comments: JLTT 409.
Proto-Japanese: *pìtà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: direct, straight
Russian meaning: прямой
Old Japanese: pjita
Middle Japanese: fìtà
Tokyo: hita-to 'directly, closely'
Comments: JLTT 409.
Proto-Japanese: *pìtà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be dipped, become wet 2 to dip, soak
Russian meaning: 1 окунаться, увлажняться 2 окунать, мочить
Old Japanese: p(j)itas- 2
Middle Japanese: fìtàr- 1
Tokyo: hitár-u 1, hitás-u 2
Kyoto: hítár- 1, hítás- 2
Kagoshima: hìtàr- 1, hìtàs- 2
Comments: JLTT 690. Tokyo has also irregular accent variants: hìtar-, hìtas-.
Proto-Japanese: *pítápi ( / *pìtàpi)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: forehead
Russian meaning: лоб
Old Japanese: p(j)itap(j)i
Middle Japanese: fítáfi ( / fìtàfi)
Tokyo: hìtai
Kyoto: hìtàí
Kagoshima: hitái
Comments: JLTT 410.
Proto-Japanese: *pitǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: one
Russian meaning: один
Old Japanese: pjito
Middle Japanese: fító-, fìtó-, fìtò-
Tokyo: hitótsu
Kyoto: hîtótsu
Kagoshima: hitótsu (xi_tóT)
Nase: thí-
Shuri: tī́-
Hateruma: pɨ_̀tù-
Yonakuni: thù-
Comments: JLTT 411.
Proto-Japanese: *pítǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: person
Russian meaning: человек
Old Japanese: pjito
Middle Japanese: fítò
Tokyo: hitó
Kyoto: hítò
Kagoshima: híto
Shuri: tčú
Comments: JLTT 410. The root *pí- may be also observed in OJ pjí-kwo 'great-grandson; prince', pjí-mje 'princess'.
Proto-Japanese: *pítú, *pítú-ki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 box 2 coffin
Russian meaning: 1 ящик 2 гроб
Old Japanese: pjitu 1, p(j)ituk(j)i 2
Middle Japanese: fítú 1, fítúki 2
Tokyo: hìtsu, hìtsugi
Kyoto: hítsú, hítsúgí
Kagoshima: hitsú, hitsúgi
Comments: JLTT 411. Accent in Kag. hitsú is aberrant.
Proto-Japanese: *pítú-nsí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sheep
Russian meaning: овца
Old Japanese: pjituzi
Middle Japanese: fítúzí
Tokyo: hìtsuji
Kyoto: hítsújí
Kagoshima: hitsúji
Comments: JLTT 411. The word may indeed have *usi 'ox' (with secondary voicing) in the second part, but Martin's analysis of the first part as *pi 'beard' seems hardly credible (in Kor. jǝm-so the first part is also etymologically "goat", not "beard").
Proto-Japanese: *piwa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to mince, cut into small slices
Russian meaning: размельчать, резать на мелкие куски
Old Japanese: pjiwa-
Comments: JLTT 688.
Proto-Japanese: *pìwǝ̀-musi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of insect (day-fly, ephemera)
Russian meaning: вид насекомого (поденка, мотылек)
Middle Japanese: fìwòmúsì
Comments: JLTT 408.
Proto-Japanese: *pú
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: growth
Russian meaning: поросль
Old Japanese: pu
Tokyo: fù
Kyoto: fū́
Kagoshima: fú
Comments: JLTT 416.
Proto-Japanese: *pu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dandruff
Russian meaning: перхоть
Tokyo: fu-ke
Comments: JLTT 417 (accent unclear). A compound with ke 'hair'.
Proto-Japanese: *pu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stripes, (woven) stitch, mesh
Russian meaning: (вышитые) полосы, швы
Old Japanese: pu
Comments: JLTT 416.
Proto-Japanese: *pu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: joint, knot
Russian meaning: место соединения, узел
Old Japanese: pu
Comments: JLTT 416.
Proto-Japanese: *pú-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foot (of a mountain), foundation
Russian meaning: подножие (горы), основание
Old Japanese: pu-m(w)oto
Middle Japanese: fú-mótó, fú-mótò
Tokyo: fumotó
Kyoto: fúmótó
Kagoshima: fumotó
Comments: JLTT 418. A compound with *mǝtǝ 'root, foundation'.
Proto-Japanese: *pùjà- (~-w-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to increase, grow
Russian meaning: увеличиваться, возрастать
Tokyo: fué- (caus. fujá-s-)
Kyoto: fùè-
Kagoshima: fùè-
Comments: JLTT 693, 696.
Proto-Japanese: *pùjàkà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to swell (being immersed into water)
Russian meaning: разбухать (в воде)
Tokyo: fuyaké-
Kyoto: fúyáké-
Kagoshima: fuyaké-
Comments: JLTT 797. The MJ accent is unattested. Kyoto and Tokyo point to original low tone, but Kagoshima is aberrant.
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20

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