Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20
\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *pǝta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to put on airs; to joke, call names 2 arrogant speech
Russian meaning: 1 кокетничать, зазнаваться; шутить, издеваться 2 надменная речь
Old Japanese: p(w)otaki koto 2
Middle Japanese: fotaja- 1
Proto-Japanese: *pǝ̀taru ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: firefly
Russian meaning: светляк
Old Japanese: p(w)otaru
Middle Japanese: fotaru
Tokyo: hótaru
Kyoto: hótàrù
Kagoshima: hotarú
Comments: JLTT 415. Accent correspondences are not quite clear, but in any case point to a low tone in the first syllable.
Proto-Japanese: *pǝtǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vulva
Russian meaning: vulva
Old Japanese: p(w)oto
Comments: JLTT 415.
Proto-Japanese: *pǝ̀tǝ̀p- / *pùtùk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be angry, disturbed
Russian meaning: сердиться, тревожиться
Old Japanese: putukum-
Middle Japanese: futuk-, fòtòfòr-, fùtùkùm-
Comments: JLTT 693, 695. OJ potopor- and putuk- are hard to separate; the vocalism in putuk- may have been influenced by putukurwo / put(w)ok(w)orwo 'breast' (or else the vocalism in potopor- may have been influenced by a homonymous potopor- 'to emit heat').
Proto-Japanese: *pǝ̀tǝ̀-pǝr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to emit heat 2 heat
Russian meaning: 1 испускать тепло 2 тепло
Old Japanese: p(w)ot(w)op(w)or- 1
Middle Japanese: fòtòfor- 1
Tokyo: hotoborí, hòtobori 2
Kyoto: hótóbórí 2
Kagoshima: hotobóri 2
Comments: Dialects reflect both low and high tones. The consistent spelling fotofor- in RJ prevents the analysis *pǝ- 'fire' + *tǝm(p)ǝ-r- 'burn' presented in JLTT 693.
Proto-Japanese: *pǝtǝri ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: environs
Russian meaning: окрестности
Old Japanese: p(w)ot(w)ori
Middle Japanese: fòtóri
Tokyo: hotorí / hòtori
Kyoto: hótórí
Kagoshima: hotorí
Comments: JLTT 416. Accent is not quite clear: most forms point to a low tone on the first syllable (except the Kyoto form which is quite irregular).
Proto-Japanese: *pǝ̀tǝ̀tǝ́kí-sù
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cuckoo
Russian meaning: кукушка
Old Japanese: p(w)ototogjisu
Middle Japanese: fòtòtógísù
Tokyo: hototógisu
Kyoto: hótótógìsù
Kagoshima: hototogísu
Comments: JLTT 416.
Proto-Japanese: *pǝ́tua
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: measure, degree
Russian meaning: мера, степень
Old Japanese: p(w)otwo
Middle Japanese: fodo
Tokyo: hodó, hòdo
Kyoto: hódó
Kagoshima: hódo
Comments: JLTT 413. Original accent is not quite clear. Modern dialects point to *pǝ́tuá or *pǝ́tuà (? *pǝ̀tuà), and MJ accentuation is not attested.
Proto-Japanese: *pí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sun, day
Russian meaning: солнце, день
Old Japanese: pji
Middle Japanese: fí
Tokyo: hì
Kyoto: hī̂
Kagoshima: hí
Comments: JLTT 404. RJ has also a variant fì (besides the normal fí), but high tone is supported by the accent of the derived *pí-rù 'day, daytime' (RJ fírù, Tokyo hirú, Kyoto hírù, Kagoshima híru).
Proto-Japanese: *pí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Japanese cypress
Russian meaning: кипарисовик японский
Old Japanese: pji
Middle Japanese: fí
Tokyo: hìnoki, hínoki
Comments: JLTT 407.
Proto-Japanese: *pí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shuttle (of a loom)
Russian meaning: челнок (ткацкого станка)
Old Japanese: pji
Middle Japanese: fí
Tokyo: hi
Comments: JLTT 405.
Proto-Japanese: *pía
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 room, place (in a dwelling) 2 place, surroundings
Russian meaning: 1 место (в жилище), комната 2 место, окрестности
Old Japanese: pje 1, 2
Middle Japanese: fé 1, 2
Tokyo: he-yá 1
Kyoto: héyà 1
Kagoshima: heyá 1
Comments: Martin (JLTT 404) derives the word for 'room' from PJ *pià 'part, separate' q.v., which is improbable because of its accent. A merger of two roots must have occurred here.
Proto-Japanese: *pia
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: layer
Russian meaning: слой
Old Japanese: pje
Middle Japanese: fe
Comments: JLTT 403.
Proto-Japanese: *pia
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: part
Russian meaning: часть, доля
Old Japanese: -bje (in compounds)
Middle Japanese: -be
Comments: JLTT 390. Cf. also OJ pje-datar- 'to become separated'.
Proto-Japanese: *piá-r- ( ~ -ai-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to humble oneself; become less
Russian meaning: унижаться; уменьшаться
Old Japanese: p(j)er-
Middle Japanese: fér-
Tokyo: hèr-
Kyoto: hér-
Kagoshima: hér-
Comments: JLTT 687.
Proto-Japanese: *piàrì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge, brink
Russian meaning: край
Middle Japanese: fèrì
Tokyo: herí
Kyoto: hérì
Kagoshima: herí
Comments: JLTT 404.
Proto-Japanese: *piar-?
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tongue
Russian meaning: язык
Kagoshima: béro
Proto-Japanese: *píjái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: panicum Crus-Galli
Russian meaning: куриное просо
Old Japanese: pjije
Middle Japanese: fíjé
Tokyo: hìe
Kyoto: híé
Kagoshima: híe
Comments: JLTT 405.
Proto-Japanese: *pìjá-, *pì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to freeze 2 ice, hail
Russian meaning: 1 замерзать 2 лед, град
Old Japanese: pji 2
Middle Japanese: fìja- 1, fì 2
Tokyo: hié- 1
Kyoto: hìè- 1
Kagoshima: hìè- 1
Nase: xì-gùrù- 1
Shuri: Fī́- 1
Hateruma: pī̀-šà- 1
Yonakuni: xī̀- 1
Comments: JLTT 405.
Proto-Japanese: *piji(n)ta- ( ~ pui-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to surpass
Russian meaning: превосходить
Old Japanese: p(j)iida-, p(j)ida-
Middle Japanese: fiida-
Tokyo: hiidé-
Kyoto: híídé-
Kagoshima: hiidé-
Comments: JLTT 688. Original accent is not quite clear.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-kag,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
9022753089
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov