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Japanese etymology :

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *á-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: that
Russian meaning: тот
Middle Japanese: a-
Tokyo: à-re, à-no
Kyoto: áre
Nase: á-Ǹ
Shuri: á-nù
Comments: JLTT 376.
Proto-Japanese: *á-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to get, receive
Russian meaning: получать
Old Japanese: u (stem a-)
Middle Japanese: (stem a-)
Tokyo: é-
Kyoto: é-
Kagoshima: é-
Comments: JLTT 681. The Tokyo accent is irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *a-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1st p. pron.
Russian meaning: местоим. 1 лица
Old Japanese: a-
Comments: This pronoun (as shown, e.g. in Itabashi 1998) could have been used parallelly with wa-, but differed in that it could participate in compounds (like a-se 'my spouse', a-duma 'my wife' etc.), which was impossible for wa. This may indicate that the original function of *a was 'oblique stem of the 1st p. pr.'.
Proto-Japanese: *a-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be able, capable
Russian meaning: мочь
Old Japanese: a-
Middle Japanese: a-
Tokyo: e-
Proto-Japanese: *aja
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ornament, ornamented cloth
Russian meaning: узор, узорная ткань
Old Japanese: aja
Middle Japanese: àjà
Tokyo: ayá
Kyoto: áyà
Kagoshima: áya
Comments: JLTT 388. Modern dialects point rather to *ájà (although it may be just an aberration in the Kagoshima dialect).
Proto-Japanese: *ájá-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be afraid, feel anxiety 2 dangerous
Russian meaning: 1 бояться 2 опасный
Old Japanese: aja-bum- 1
Middle Japanese: ájá-búm- 1, ájá-fú- 2
Tokyo: ayabúm- 1, àyau- 2
Kyoto: áyábúm- 1, áyáù- 2
Kagoshima: ayabúm- 1, ayáu- 2
Comments: JLTT 679, 826.
Proto-Japanese: *àjà-
Meaning: to be similar
Russian meaning: быть похожим
Old Japanese: aja-
Middle Japanese: aja-, àjà-kár-
Tokyo: ayakár-
Kyoto: áyákár-
Kagoshima: ayakár-
Comments: The Tokyo accent is aberrant; otherwise all sources point to low tone. JLTT 679.
Proto-Japanese: *àjà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to manipulate by strings (dolls etc.) 2 to nurse
Russian meaning: 1 манипулировать при помощи веревок (куклами и т.п.) 2 нянчить
Middle Japanese: àjà-túr- 1
Tokyo: ayatsúr- 1, ayas- 2
Kyoto: áyátsúr- 1
Kagoshima: ayatsúr- 1
Comments: JLTT 679. The Tokyo accent is aberrant; otherwise all sources point to low tone.
Proto-Japanese: *àjùm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to walk
Russian meaning: ходить, гулять
Old Japanese: ajum-
Middle Japanese: àjùm-
Tokyo: ayúm-
Kyoto: áyúm-
Kagoshima: àyùm-
Comments: JLTT 679.
Proto-Japanese: *àjû
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: trout
Russian meaning: форель
Old Japanese: aju
Middle Japanese: àjú
Tokyo: áyu
Kyoto: àyû
Kagoshima: ayú
Comments: JLTT 388.
Proto-Japanese: *àk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be bored, satiated
Russian meaning: пресыщаться, наскучивать
Old Japanese: ak-
Middle Japanese: àk-
Tokyo: akí-
Kyoto: àkì-
Kagoshima: àkì-
Comments: JLTT 675.
Proto-Japanese: *áká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: red
Russian meaning: красный
Old Japanese: aka-
Middle Japanese: áká-
Tokyo: àka-
Kyoto: ákà-
Kagoshima: ákà-
Nase: hā́-
Shuri: àká-
Hateruma: ágà-
Yonakuni: àgá-ntárí
Comments: JLTT 825.
Proto-Japanese: *ákà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: liquid dirt, filth
Russian meaning: жидкая грязь
Old Japanese: aka
Middle Japanese: ákà
Tokyo: aká
Kyoto: ákà
Kagoshima: aká
Comments: JLTT 378. The Kagoshima accent is irregular; otherwise all data points to *ákà.
Proto-Japanese: *áká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to open
Russian meaning: открывать
Old Japanese: aka-
Middle Japanese: áká-
Tokyo: àke-
Comments: JLTT 675 (in OJ the root is usually confused with *áká- 'get bright').
Proto-Japanese: *àkì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 trade 2 to trade
Russian meaning: 1 торговля 2 торговать
Old Japanese: akji 1, akjinap- 2
Middle Japanese: àkìnaf- 2
Tokyo: akiná- 2
Kyoto: ákíná- 2
Kagoshima: akiná- 2
Comments: JLTT 675. The accent in Kagoshima is irregular. Cf. also OJ akap-, MJ àgàf- (aka-f-), aganaf- 'to buy, pay for' (JLTT 674, 675).
Proto-Japanese: *àkî
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: autumn
Russian meaning: осень
Old Japanese: akji
Middle Japanese: àkí
Tokyo: áki
Kyoto: àkî
Kagoshima: akí
Comments: JLTT 379.
Proto-Japanese: *ákú
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lye
Russian meaning: щелок
Tokyo: àku
Kyoto: ákú
Kagoshima: áku
Comments: JLTT 379.
Proto-Japanese: *àkuàjaì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pheasant's spur
Russian meaning: шпора фазана
Old Japanese: akwoje
Middle Japanese: àkòjè
Comments: JLTT 377.
Proto-Japanese: *ákúp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to yawn 2 yawn
Russian meaning: 1 зевать 2 зевок
Middle Japanese: ákúf- 1
Tokyo: ákubi, akúbi 2
Kyoto: ákùbì 2
Kagoshima: akubí 2
Comments: JLTT 379. RJ registers high tone, but modern reflexes are tonally all quite irregular.
Proto-Japanese: *àmà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 plenty 2 all 3 to stay, be left
Russian meaning: 1 повсюду, в изобилии 2 весь 3 оставаться
Old Japanese: amane- 1, ama-r- 3
Middle Japanese: àmànè- 1, àmà-r- 3
Tokyo: amanéku 1, amár- 3
Kyoto: ámánékú 1, ámár- 3
Kagoshima: amanekú 1, àmàr- 3
Nase: áŃkari 2
Comments: JLTT 676.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-comments,
Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Forward: 1 20 50

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