Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 2805 records 141 page

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50
\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *koĺi ( ~ k`-, -i̯-, -e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to freeze
Russian meaning: замерзать
Turkic: *Köĺ-
Mongolian: *köl-de-
Comments: ОСНЯ 1, 305. A Turk.-Mong. isogloss. The root should be distinguished from *k`òlmV 'shadow, cloud' (although contaminations are possible).
Proto-Altaic: *kòmpo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fist, wrist
Russian meaning: кулак, запястье
Turkic: *Kop-
Mongolian: *kombo-
Tungus-Manchu: *komba-
Japanese: *kǝ̀mpusi
Comments: A common derivative *kòmpo-k`V is reflected in PT *Kopa-k = PTM *komba-kī.
Proto-Altaic: *kómp`i
Meaning: neck, part of breast
Russian meaning: шея, часть груди
Turkic: *gömül-dürük
Mongolian: *kömürge
Tungus-Manchu: *kumpe(ke)
Japanese: *kúmpí
Comments: Cf. also Mong. *köɣemej which can go back to *köme-ɣej, cf. potential Turkic loanwords like Chag. kömekej, Yak. kömögöj etc., see VEWT 289. Such a metathesis, however, is rather uncommon (as well as the rendering of Mong. -ɣ- by Turkic -k-), and there are obvious loanwords from the same Mongolian source: Yak., Dolg. küömej 'throat' (see Kaɫ. MEJ 88, Stachowski 165). It may well be that the above Turkic words are genuine after all, going back to *gömü-kej (derived from the same root as *gömül-dürük), while Mong. köɣemej has a quite different origin (e.g. PA *kúŋe 'middle, heart' q. v.).
Proto-Altaic: *kómtV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: box, frame
Russian meaning: ящик, рама
Turkic: *Komta
Tungus-Manchu: *komta-n
Japanese: *kámátí
Comments: A reconstruction *kómVtV ( ~ -t`-) is also not excluded (and perhaps would account better for the PJ form).
Proto-Altaic: *kòna(-kV)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: clothes
Russian meaning: одежда
Mongolian: *kunar
Tungus-Manchu: *kuŋge
Japanese: *kànkà-
Comments: PTM and Japanese reflect a common derivative *kòna-kV.
Proto-Altaic: *kòŋa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: brown, black
Russian meaning: коричневый, черный
Turkic: *Koŋur
Mongolian: *koŋ-
Tungus-Manchu: *koŋna-
Korean: *kắnắrh
Japanese: *kànkâ-i
Comments: Poppe 72, KW 185, VEWT 281, Whitman 1985, 183, 199, 222, АПиПЯЯ 290, Дыбо 12, Robbeets 2000, 109. The Mongolian form qoŋɣur might as well be a Turkism, cf. TMN 3, 525-526, Щербак 1997, 139-140 (note that qon-dun, qoŋ-du < Chinese). The TM forms, despite Doerfer MT 37, cannot be regarded as mongolisms. In Kor. cf. also kǝ̀'úró 'mirror' (probably a derivative from the same root; semantically cf. Jpn. kaga-mi id. - 'mirror' < 'shadow'). Note that *kắnắrh reflects a suffixed form *koŋ(a)-rV with assimilation > *konrV, while *kànkâ-i reflects another suffixed form *koŋ(V)-kV ( = Mong. *koŋgu-r).
Proto-Altaic: *kŏŋe
Meaning: to tear out, uproot
Russian meaning: выдирать, вырывать
Turkic: *Koŋur-
Tungus-Manchu: *koŋ-
Korean: *kɨ̀ń-
Japanese: *kǝnsu-
Comments: Whitman 1985, Robbeets 2000, 102. The Jpn. form is historically a compound with *s(u)- 'to make, do'. In Kor. a palatalization *kŏŋe > *kŏńe occurred.
Proto-Altaic: *koŋgV
Meaning: deaf
Russian meaning: глухой
Mongolian: *koŋgor
Tungus-Manchu: *koŋga
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *kòŋti ( ~ -e, *ki̯uŋtu)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to break, break in halves
Russian meaning: ломать, разламывать напополам
Mongolian: *könde-le
Tungus-Manchu: *koŋda-
Japanese: *kùntàk-
Comments: Poppe 84 (Tung.-Mong.; Doerfer TMN 1, 483 criticizes Poppe's TM reconstruction *köndes - which is justified, but does not abolish the parallel).
Proto-Altaic: *kopV
Meaning: to plane, whet
Russian meaning: строгать, точить
Turkic: *Kobuĺ, *Kobuĺa-
Mongolian: *kobiki
Tungus-Manchu: *kuba-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *kŏp`é
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bend; elevation, convexity
Russian meaning: гнуть, изгибать(ся); выпуклость, возвышение
Turkic: *göpe(ne)
Mongolian: *köb- / *küb-
Tungus-Manchu: *kupe-
Korean: *kòp-, *kùp-
Japanese: *kǝmpu
Comments: Cf. *gi̯ṓp`e, *k`àpe (in Mong. and TM also a partial contamination with *kup`e 'light, float'). See also notes to *k`ep`orV 'curved bone'.
Proto-Altaic: *kŏp`V
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: all
Russian meaning: весь
Turkic: *Kop
Mongolian: *kow
Tungus-Manchu: *kupukte
Comments: KW 191, Владимирцов 255, АПиПЯЯ 15, 27, 289, Дыбо 12. A Western isogloss (possible Kor.-Jpn. reflexes see under *k`óp`i).
Proto-Altaic: *kóre
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to freeze
Russian meaning: замерзать
Turkic: *Kört
Mongolian: *kör
Tungus-Manchu: *kuri-
Japanese: *kǝ́r-
Comments: VEWT 311, KW 240.
Proto-Altaic: *kòrke
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Russian meaning: вид сосуда
Turkic: *Körke
Mongolian: *korgu
Tungus-Manchu: *kurke
Korean: *kúkì
Comments: A good common Altaic root, denoting some kind of big vessel (used as a measure of weight in the Eastern area).
Proto-Altaic: *koru
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of big fish
Russian meaning: вид большой рыбы
Turkic: *Kor(t)-
Mongolian: *korbu
Tungus-Manchu: *koru
Korean: *kòrài
Japanese: *kùntírà
Comments: Accent correspondence between Kor. and Jpn. is irregular.
Proto-Altaic: *kŏ̀ru ( ~ -ŕ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nut
Russian meaning: орех
Tungus-Manchu: *kuri
Korean: *kắrái
Japanese: *kùrù-i
Comments: Дыбо 11, Whitman 1985, 193, 231, Menges 1984, 274-275. Basically an Eastern isogloss: the Turkic forms of the type koz are most probably borrowed from Iranian. There are also forms reflecting *koŕak (VEWT 285), but they may also reflect a contamination of the root *Koŕ (or the borrowed koz) with the genuine root *kusɨk (e.g. Tuva ku"suk), see *kušu.
Proto-Altaic: *kósV ( ~ -u-)
Meaning: chain, ring
Russian meaning: цепь, кольцо
Tungus-Manchu: *kosa
Korean: *kùsɨ́r
Japanese: *kúsárì
Comments: An Eastern isogloss. Cf. Old Koguryo *kos 'gem, jewel' (see Miller 1979, 10).
Proto-Altaic: *kŏše
Meaning: edge, protrusion
Russian meaning: край, выступ
Turkic: *Kösri
Mongolian: *kosiɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *koša
Korean: *kìsɨ́rk
Japanese: *kùisì ( ~ -ǝ̀i-)
Comments: SKE 113-114, EAS 102. The Kor.-Jpn. forms are not quite regular: in Kor. one would rather expect *kɨ́sìrk (so probably we are dealing with a metathesis); the diphthong -ui- in Japanese (as in the few other similar cases) has a not quite clear origin. It may well be that the Jpn. form is related to *kui 'fortress' < *'border', see *ki̯udu - although the suffixation is peculiar.
Proto-Altaic: *kóšì
Meaning: lever
Russian meaning: рычаг
Turkic: *köse-
Mongolian: *kösi-
Tungus-Manchu: *kuši-pun ( ~ -č-)
Korean: *kosak
Japanese: *kúsàpì
Comments: The root (as a verb) meant basically 'to use a prop or lever', whence an instrumental noun *kóšì-p`V (TM *kuši-pu-n, PJ *kúsà-pì, possibly also Mong. kösi-ɣü-r).
Proto-Altaic: *kòt`e
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hole
Russian meaning: дыра
Turkic: *göt
Mongolian: *kota-gar
Tungus-Manchu: *kota-
Korean: *kút
Comments: Лексика 281. Derived are Turk. *göten(e) 'stomach' (ЭСТЯ 3, 85), Mong. *kotuɣa- id. ( > Evk. koto etc., see Doerfer MT 103-104); cf. also TM *kuta id. (ТМС 1, 418, 439), see Doerfer ibid.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,
Total of 2805 records 141 page

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
493047668
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov