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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *kijmV
Meaning: vapour, steam; anger
Russian meaning: пар, движение воздуха; гнев
Turkic: *Kɨjm-
Mongolian: *kimura-
Tungus-Manchu: *kīmu-
Korean: *kīm
Comments: KW 231, SKE 112, ТМС 1, 394.
Proto-Altaic: *kìkú
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bite; rub, scrape
Russian meaning: кусать; царапать, тереть
Turkic: *Kik-
Mongolian: *kegǯe-
Tungus-Manchu: *kik-
Japanese: *kùkúm-
Comments: A derivative *kìkú-čV is probably observable in Karakh. kikčür- = PM *kegǯe-.
Proto-Altaic: *kímo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to arrange, intend
Russian meaning: намереваться, решать, устраивать
Turkic: *Kɨm-
Mongolian: *kima-
Tungus-Manchu: *kim-
Japanese: *kímá-
Comments: KW 231.
Proto-Altaic: *kìp`é
Meaning: bran, millet
Russian meaning: отруби, просо
Turkic: *kẹpek
Mongolian: *kibag
Tungus-Manchu: *kipe
Japanese: *kìmpí
Comments: One of several similar PA roots (see *k`ā́p`a, *k`èpà, *k`i̯ā̀bu, *gébó).
Proto-Altaic: *kìp`í ( ~ -e, -o)
Meaning: attentive, strict
Russian meaning: внимательный, строгий
Mongolian: *kib(i)-si-
Tungus-Manchu: *kib-ča-
Japanese: *kìmpì-si-
Comments: A common derivative *kìp`í-čV is reflected in all branches.
Proto-Altaic: *kìro
Meaning: to cut, mince
Russian meaning: резать, размельчать
Turkic: *Kɨr-
Mongolian: *kira-
Tungus-Manchu: *kire-
Japanese: *kìr-
Comments: KW 244, Menges 1982.
Proto-Altaic: *kirsi ( ~ k`-)
Meaning: a k. of big wild animal
Russian meaning: вид крупного дикого животного
Mongolian: *kirs
Japanese: *kisa
Comments: An interesting Mong.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *kíso
Meaning: to press, squeeze, rub
Russian meaning: давить, сжимать, тереть
Turkic: *Kɨs-
Mongolian: *kisa-
Tungus-Manchu: *kis-k-
Korean: *kɨ̀s-
Japanese: *kǝ́sǝ́nká-
Comments: Poppe 19, 65, 116, VEWT 267, KW 233 (without the Korean parallel), АПиПЯЯ 285. The original meaning may be reconstructed as 'press, scrape off by pressing' (whence 'sharpen' and other meanings). Tone correspondences seem to be regular, but cf. notes on the Korean tone above.
Proto-Altaic: *kiso (~ *kose, k`-, g-)
Meaning: certainly, verily
Russian meaning: точно, очень
Korean: *kɨ́s
Japanese: *kǝsǝ
Comments: A Kor.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *kít`u ( ~ k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to wait, take time
Russian meaning: ждать, медлить
Mongolian: *kičiɣe-
Korean: *kìtɨ́r'ó-
Japanese: *kútúrǝ(n)k- ( ~ -ua-)
Comments: Cf. *ki̯ū́di, *gòdè (with possible contaminations).
Proto-Altaic: *kíǯV (?)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to lose, disappear
Russian meaning: терять, исчезать
Tungus-Manchu: *kiǯ-
Japanese: *kíjá-
Comments: A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss; rather dubious because of scarce attestation in TM.
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯adi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to put on, wear
Russian meaning: надевать, носить (одежду)
Turkic: *ged-
Mongolian: *kedü- / *keǯi-
Japanese: *kí-
Comments: KW 236, Poppe 19, Ozawa 197-199, JOAL 72, 73, 136, АПиПЯЯ 72. A possible TM match is Man. adu = Jurch. ha-du 'clothes' < *xadu (ТМС 1, 6); this would make us reconstruct *k`ajdi and suppose a secondary (assimilatory) voicing in Turk. *ged- < *ked-.
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯àdi
Meaning: seam, to sew, lace
Russian meaning: шов, шить, тесьма
Turkic: *K(i)adɨ-
Mongolian: *kaǯi
Tungus-Manchu: *kiade-le-
Korean: *kjǝ̀d-
Comments: ТМС 1, 443.
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ằgru { ~ -br-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bake, boil
Russian meaning: жарить, варить
Turkic: *KAgur-
Mongolian: *kaɣur-
Tungus-Manchu: *kurgi-
Korean: *kɨ̀rh-
Japanese: *kùrì-dà
Comments: Mong. may be < Turk. (see TMN 3, 542, Щербак 1997, 132), but may well be genuine, see KW 202, Владимирцов 206, Poppe 48. Korean has the typical "verbal" low tone. The specific medial cluster explains somewhat irregular vowel behaviour in Kor.
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ájo
Meaning: strong odour, smoke
Russian meaning: сильный запах, дым
Turkic: *KAjɨr
Mongolian: *kej
Tungus-Manchu: *koja
Japanese: *káiN-púri
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 109, 277, Мудрак Дисс. 103 (see also *gi̯ūbe, *ki̯àjú, with a possibility of contaminations). Note that both in MMong. and OJ the root is sometimes treated as borrowed from MChin. khɨ̀j (see, e.g., Rozycki 139) - which is not totally excluded, but somewhat dubious (very early attestation both in Mongolian and Japanese texts, and unexplained vocalism).
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯àjú
Meaning: wind, air
Russian meaning: ветер, воздух
Turkic: *KAj
Mongolian: *kuj
Tungus-Manchu: *kuje
Korean: *kùrì-
Japanese: *kùjú-r-
Comments: Cf. *ki̯ájo: the two roots seem to be distinct, but certainly contaminations were possible. Kor. *kuri- < *kuju-ri-, cf. the Jpn. form.
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯aka ( ~ -k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: shell
Russian meaning: раковина
Tungus-Manchu: *kiaK-ta / -ikta
Japanese: *kàkî
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 293. A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss; seems quite reliable (linking the Jpn. form with Kor. kur by Martin 238 should be rejected).
Proto-Altaic: *k[i̯a]ma
Meaning: a k. of aquatic bird
Russian meaning: вид водной птицы
Mongolian: *kemerleg
Tungus-Manchu: *k[ia]m-
Korean: *kàmà'ótí
Japanese: *kàmuâ
Comments: Despite some problems with vocalism, the root seems reliable.
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ằmò
Meaning: ghost, spirit
Russian meaning: дух
Turkic: *Kiam
Mongolian: *keme-
Tungus-Manchu: *kum-
Japanese: *kàmù-i
Comments: Мудрак Дисс. 192 (Turk.-Mong.). Cf. perhaps also MKor. -kɨ́m in nīm-kɨ́m 'master, Lord' (if -kɨ́m is not borrowed < Jpn. kimi, see under *k`i̯óŋi).
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯amp`a
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: top, top of head
Russian meaning: верхушка, верх головы
Turkic: *k(i)amak / *k(i)apak
Tungus-Manchu: *kiama / *kiapa
Korean: *kàmá
Japanese: *kàm(p)-
Comments: PKE 68 (Kor.-Turk., without Japanese parallels), АПиПЯЯ 279, Лексика 200. Tone correspondence between Kor. and Jpn. is irregular. The variation between *-m- and *-p- in most subgroups reflects the PA cluster *-mp`-, possibly with later interdialectal loans.
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Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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