Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 2805 records 141 page

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50
\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *keru(ĺV)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of predator
Russian meaning: вид хищника
Turkic: *KArɨĺ-
Mongolian: *kereldüg
Tungus-Manchu: *kelte- ( < *kerelte-?)
Korean: *kar-
Japanese: *kunturi
Comments: The root must have denoted some big predator, probably the wolverine. Cf. also MMong. (HY 10) qarxulax 'small tiger'.
Proto-Altaic: *késa ( ~ *k`-)
Meaning: to suffer
Russian meaning: страдать
Turkic: *kes-
Mongolian: *keseɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *kesē-
Korean: *kjǝs-
Japanese: *kásíká-
Comments: KW 228, Poppe 18, 65. Cf. *kasa. The Turkic form points rather to *k`-; if the TM forms are borrowed from Mong. (see Doerfer MT 69), we should rather reconstruct PA *k`ésa.
Proto-Altaic: *késu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: thing, sort, order
Russian meaning: вещь, разряд, порядок
Mongolian: *küsü-nüg
Tungus-Manchu: *kese
Korean: *kǝ̀s / *kàs
Japanese: *kúsá
Comments: Mong. *küsünüg < *kesü- (with secondary vowel assimilation).
Proto-Altaic: *kesV (~ k`-, -i-)
Meaning: luck, joy
Russian meaning: счастье, радость
Mongolian: *kesig
Korean: *kìs-
Comments: SKE 113, Poppe 65. A Mong.-Kor. isogloss; the TM forms (see ТМС 1, 455) probably < Mong., see Doerfer MT 116, Rozycki 139.
Proto-Altaic: *kĕta ( ~ -t`-, -o, -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: mule, barren
Russian meaning: мул, бесплодный
Turkic: *KAtɨr
Mongolian: *kači-
Tungus-Manchu: *ketem
Comments: A Western isogloss. Mong. > Chag. kačir 'mule' etc. (see VEWT 217). The Mong. form itself may have been borrowed from Turk. (see Щербак 1997, 137), but may as well be genuine. The Tung. parallel makes the theory of Turk. < Iran. (Sogd. ɣrtr'k, see TMN 3, 393 with literature) rather improbable.
Proto-Altaic: *két`ò
Meaning: much, many, excessively
Russian meaning: много, чрезмерно
Mongolian: *ketü
Tungus-Manchu: *kete, *kēter
Korean: *kằtằk-
Japanese: *kátù
Comments: EAS 47, KW 228, SKE 84, Poppe 18, 50, Miller 1985a, 81. Despite Doerfer MT 64, the TM form is hardly borrowed from Mong.
Proto-Altaic: *két`ò (~k`-, g-, -o-)
Meaning: similar
Russian meaning: похожий
Korean: *kằth-
Japanese: *kǝ́tǝ́
Comments: SKE 99, Martin 241. A Kor.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *kḗči
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: night, evening
Russian meaning: ночь, вечер
Turkic: *gēč (-e)
Mongolian: *keči-
Japanese: *kisǝ
Comments: See Лексика 82: rather dubious, because of very scanty attestation in Mongolian.
Proto-Altaic: *kḗjna ( ~ g-)
Meaning: crab; tick
Russian meaning: краб; клещ
Turkic: *gĒne
Korean: *kǝ̄i
Japanese: *kání
Comments: Martin 229, Miller 1980, 161-162, 1985a, 81, 1986, 48, Лексика 183. Medial *-j- has to be reconstructed to account for loss of resonant in Korean.
Proto-Altaic: *kḕju
Meaning: to pass beyond
Russian meaning: проходить мимо, переходить
Turkic: *Kej-
Tungus-Manchu: *kēj-
Japanese: *kúaja-
Comments: The Jpn. form goes back to *keju-(ga)-. The Turkic parallel raises doubts: the isolated Chuv. form may stem from Mari kaj- 'to go' ( < FU *käwe, UEW 654), as suggested in VEWT 221.
Proto-Altaic: *kēńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: front leg, armpit, angle
Russian meaning: передняя конечность, подмышка, угол
Turkic: *Kājnat
Mongolian: *ka(i)
Tungus-Manchu: *keńe- / *kuńe-
Japanese: *kanai
Comments: ОСHЯ 1, 304; Дыбо 312-313; VEWT 230, Лексика 149-150. Cf. also Kalm. xanǝ 'маховые перья' (KW 165, АПиПЯЯ 289); but due to restricted distribution in Mong. this form should be rather considered a Turkism (see Щербак 1997, 133).
Proto-Altaic: *kḕnda
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of ungulate animal
Russian meaning: вид копытного животного
Turkic: *KAt
Mongolian: *kandagaj
Tungus-Manchu: *kēnde
Comments: A Western isogloss; not quite reliable because of poor attestation (and possible borrowed nature?) in Turkic and TM. Cf. OJ. kédá-mono 'animal' (?).
Proto-Altaic: *kḕńu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: distress, envy
Russian meaning: расстройство, зависть
Turkic: *köń- ( ~ -j-)
Mongolian: *ken- / *kin-
Tungus-Manchu: *kēńe-
Japanese: *kuna-
Comments: In Turkic one would expect *geń-; the root, however, has since the oldest texts almost completely merged with PT *köń- 'to burn', so as to become almost indistinguishable from the latter. See also notes to *gū̀no.
Proto-Altaic: *kēpu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to chew
Russian meaning: жевать
Turkic: *gēb-
Mongolian: *kebi-
Tungus-Manchu: *keb-
Japanese: *kùp-
Comments: KW 229, Poppe 20, 46, ОСНЯ 1, 293, АПиПЯЯ 15, 69, 109, 279, Ozawa 208-209, Дыбо 14, Лексика 227. Correspondences are regular except for low tone in Jpn. (high tone would be expected).
Proto-Altaic: *kḗp`à
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: face, shape
Russian meaning: лицо, форма
Turkic: *gēp
Mongolian: *keɣe
Tungus-Manchu: *kepe
Japanese: *kápúa
Comments: A good common Altaic root; the original meaning is 'face' or 'jaws', with a more abstract meaning 'shape' developed in the Western area (a very usual semantic development).
Proto-Altaic: *kḗp`V
Meaning: belly
Russian meaning: живот
Turkic: *gēp-
Mongolian: *keweli
Tungus-Manchu: *kepel-
Comments: Владимирцов 205. Despite Doerfer MT 93, Rozycki 104 the TM forms cannot easily be explained as mongolisms (except Sol. kêli). The root is homonymous (except for the final vowel which is in this case unknown) with *kḗp`à 'shape', and one wonders if it is in fact not the same root, but semantically influenced by another similar one, PA *kĕpV 'upper part of body'.
Proto-Altaic: *kḗrdu ( ~ k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of bird of prey
Russian meaning: вид хищной птицы
Turkic: *Kạ̄rt-
Mongolian: *kaǯir
Japanese: *kútí
Comments: KW 170, Лексика 169.
Proto-Altaic: *ki ( ~ *k`i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to do, to make
Russian meaning: делать
Turkic: *Kɨl-
Mongolian: *ki-
Japanese: *kì-túk-
Comments: KW 223, Владимирцов 260, Poppe 19, ОСНЯ 1, 309. One of the common Altaic monosyllabic verbal stems. In view of the external evidence, -l- in PT is to be regarded as a historical suffix.
Proto-Altaic: *kĭ̀ba ( ~ -p-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of foliage tree
Russian meaning: вид лиственного дерева
Turkic: *Kɨbak / *Kabak
Tungus-Manchu: *kibē
Japanese: *kàpài ( ~ -ia)
Comments: The reflexes point to a tree with distinct bright bark, probably birch (cf. also PU *kojwV 'birch' compared in МССНЯ 330, ОСНЯ 1, 300).
Proto-Altaic: *kìjá
Meaning: a k. of grass
Russian meaning: вид травы
Turkic: *Kɨj(g)ak
Mongolian: *kija-
Tungus-Manchu: *kijo-kta
Korean: *kójōm
Japanese: *kàjá
Comments: The root denotes some wild-growing grass with sharp edges or thorns. In Kor. there probably occurred a secondary vowel assimilation (*káj- would be expected). Some interaction with *kúja 'nut' was possible, especially in the Kor.-Jap. area.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,
Total of 2805 records 141 page

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
23452298
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov