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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ińo
Meaning: to laugh
Russian meaning: смеяться
Mongolian: *(h)inije-
Tungus-Manchu: *ińe-
Korean: *ūń-
Comments: EAS 114, KW 208, Poppe 70, Robbeets 2000, 111. Mong., with a strange reflex of *h- in Southern dialects (opposed to 0- in MMong.) may in fact reflect a contamination: cf. Evk. heŋne- 'to laugh' (see under *p`éŋi). In any case, despite Doerfer MT 23, the TM root is hardly < Mong.
Proto-Altaic: *íŋo
Meaning: to neigh
Russian meaning: ржать
Turkic: *ɨŋɨra-
Mongolian: *iŋča-
Tungus-Manchu: *iŋi-
Japanese: *íná-nak-
Comments: An expressive root, but quite regular and doubtlessly common.
Proto-Altaic: *iŋV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: shallow place
Russian meaning: отмель
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)iŋā
Korean: *jǝ̄ ( < *i'ǝ)
Japanese: *ía
Comments: See SKE 76. An Eastern isogloss; the Jpn. form presupposes *iŋ(V)-gV, with further contraction.
Proto-Altaic: *ipa ( ~ -b-)
Meaning: shell
Russian meaning: раковина
Mongolian: *(h)ibawu
Tungus-Manchu: *ibu-kta ( ~ *igu-kta)
Japanese: *apampi
Comments: Cf. also OJ ebi 'shrimp, shellfish' - perhaps an old dialectal variant of the same root.
Proto-Altaic: *ipe ( ~ i̯a-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cold, winter
Russian meaning: холод, зима
Mongolian: *ebül
Tungus-Manchu: *ibaksa
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ip`i (~-p-,-e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: mouth; to say
Russian meaning: рот; сказать, говорить
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ipke-
Korean: *íp
Japanese: *íp-
Comments: Martin 249, АПиПЯЯ 111, 277. An Eastern isogloss (but cf. perhaps Mong. abija(n) (L 4), Khalkha av́a, Bur. ab́a 'sound' ( < *ibaja ?); on a possible Turkic parallel see under *ŏ́t`è); seems reliable, despite a tonal discrepancy between Kor. and Jpn.
Proto-Altaic: *ire
Meaning: to melt
Russian meaning: таять
Turkic: *ẹri-
Tungus-Manchu: *irū-
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ìri ( ~ *e-)
Meaning: to rot, pus, be sick
Russian meaning: гнить, гной, болеть
Turkic: *iri-
Mongolian: *(h)ereke-
Japanese: *ìtà-
Comments: KW 125.
Proto-Altaic: *íru
Meaning: song
Russian meaning: песня
Turkic: *ɨr
Mongolian: *ira-ɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *ir-ke-
Korean: *ɨrp-
Japanese: *útá
Comments: Mong. may be < Turk. (cf. Karakh. jɨraɣu 'singer', see TMN 4, 242, Щербак 1997, 164). Note also PJ *útá-p- 'sing' = Kor. *ɨr-p-.
Proto-Altaic: *ìsú
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to crush, grind; bite
Russian meaning: ломать, размалывать; кусать
Turkic: *ɨsɨr-
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ise-
Korean: *ɨsɨr-
Japanese: *ùsú
Comments: SKE 73 (Kor.-Tung.), АПиПЯЯ 281.
Proto-Altaic: *isV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to pinch, pluck out
Russian meaning: выщипывать, выдергивать
Turkic: *iske-
Tungus-Manchu: *is-
Comments: A Tung.-Turk. isogloss; not quite reliable because the Turkic form may reflect a contamination with *p`i̯úsa q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *ite ( ~ *eti)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to eat
Russian meaning: есть
Turkic: *et-mek
Mongolian: *ide-
Comments: A Turkic-Mong. isogloss, but no doubt archaic: a Nostratic etymology see in МССНЯ 340, ОСНЯ 1, 273-4.
Proto-Altaic: *ìtí
Meaning: board
Russian meaning: доска
Mongolian: *(h)ideɣür
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ite
Japanese: *ìtá
Comments: The Mong. reflex is somewhat dubious (because of a secondary merger with *ide- 'eat, feed'), but the Tung.-Jpn. match still seems reliable.
Proto-Altaic: *ĭ̀t`á
Meaning: to rely, trust, take upon oneself
Russian meaning: доверять, полагаться, брать на себя
Mongolian: *itege-
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)iti
Japanese: *àntùkàr-
Comments: The root should be kept distinct from *ḗt`a, although they tend to be confused.
Proto-Altaic: *ìt`ù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to hit, push
Russian meaning: бить, толкать
Turkic: *it-
Mongolian: *ete-
Japanese: *ùt-
Comments: Cf. perhaps Evn. ịtъ̣ŋ- 'to flounce, thrash about' (ТМС 1, 333).
Proto-Altaic: *it`VKV
Meaning: a k. of (big) bird
Russian meaning: вид крупной птицы
Mongolian: *it-
Tungus-Manchu: *itiknija
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *i̯ắbò
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: {rage, anger}
Russian meaning: {гнев, ярость}
Turkic: *(i)ăba
Mongolian: *(h)öɣe ~ *(h)eɣö
Tungus-Manchu: *ub(u)-
Japanese: *ámpárá-
Proto-Altaic: *i̯agu ( ~ *i̯oga)
Meaning: hips, space between hips
Russian meaning: ляжки, место между ляжками
Turkic: *(i)ag
Mongolian: *aɣarčak
Tungus-Manchu: *oga
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *i̯àk`ì ( ~ -k-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: liquid, flow
Russian meaning: жидкость, течь
Turkic: *iak-
Tungus-Manchu: *iaKu
Japanese: *ìkà-i
Comments: Мудрак Дисс. 196.
Proto-Altaic: *i̯áĺa
Meaning: female; to seduce, to frolic
Russian meaning: женщина; соблазнять, проказничать
Turkic: *eĺi
Korean: *ǝ̀r'ù-
Japanese: *ásuámp-
Comments: ? Cf. Evk. ilu 'pregnant' (ТМС 1, 311).
Total of 2805 records 141 page

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