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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *ìbè
Meaning: door, yard
Russian meaning: дверь, двор
Turkic: *eb
Mongolian: *eɣüde
Tungus-Manchu: *ib-le
Korean: *íp
Japanese: *ìpùa
Comments: Menges 1982, 109. A good common Altaic root; if TM *īb-ǯe belongs here, can be reconstructed as *ī̀be.
Proto-Altaic: *ìbè ( ~ -p-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: grain
Russian meaning: зерно
Turkic: *ebin
Tungus-Manchu: *ibi-
Korean: *pjǝ́
Japanese: *ìpì
Comments: In Kor. a frequent initial vowel reduction occurred.
Proto-Altaic: *ibk`V
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Russian meaning: вид сосуда
Turkic: *ükek
Mongolian: *(h)ükeg
Tungus-Manchu: *ibkē-n
Japanese: *ukupa
Comments: Mong. may be < Turk., but otherwise the root seems quite reliable.
Proto-Altaic: *ĭ̀če
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to go, reach, get ready to go
Russian meaning: идти, достигать, собираться пойти
Mongolian: *iču-
Tungus-Manchu: *is-
Japanese: *ìsuà(n)k-
Comments: One of the common Altaic verbs of motion.
Proto-Altaic: *ič`u
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: inside
Russian meaning: внутренность
Turkic: *ič
Mongolian: *(h)iči-
Japanese: *utu
Comments: Basically a Turk.-Mong. isogloss; the Jpn. reflex is somewhat dubious because of the influence of *ṓŕì > PJ *útì q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *ič`V
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to hope, see
Russian meaning: видеть, надеяться
Mongolian: *(h)iča-
Tungus-Manchu: *iče-
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *idV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to follow, lead, arrange
Russian meaning: следовать, вести, расставлять по порядку
Turkic: *Eder-
Mongolian: *iǯi
Tungus-Manchu: *idu-
Comments: A Western isogloss. The original meaning here is probably "arrange in order", whence all the other meanings are easily deduced. Cf. similar roots: *ădV, *i̯ude, with a possibility of secondary contaminations.
Proto-Altaic: *ijsV
Meaning: soot, smoke
Russian meaning: копоть, дым
Turkic: *ɨjs
Mongolian: *(h)isu
Comments: Poppe 116, VEWT 167, KW 210, АПиПЯЯ 286, Лексика 371. A Turk.-Mong. isogloss. Cf. Kor. ìs 'moss' (?)
Proto-Altaic: *ĭ̀k`i ( ~ -o)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to live, settle
Russian meaning: жить, селиться
Tungus-Manchu: *ix[ē]-
Japanese: *ìk-
Comments: A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *iĺa
Meaning: to rub, smear
Russian meaning: тереть, мазать
Turkic: *ɨĺɨ-
Mongolian: *(h)il(b)i-
Tungus-Manchu: *ilba, *ile-
Korean: *ǝru-
Comments: KW 207, Tekin 1975, 280, Street 1980, 296. The Korean form may belong here if it is historically distinct from *ǝrɨ- 'fondle' < *i̯áĺa q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *ìla
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: evident, visible
Russian meaning: очевидный, видимый
Turkic: *iler-
Mongolian: *ile
Tungus-Manchu: *il-
Japanese: *àràp-ar-
Comments: The Karakh. form is isolated, but borrowing is hardly possible here.
Proto-Altaic: *ile
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to drive
Russian meaning: гнать
Turkic: *ẹl-t-, *ẹl-č-
Mongolian: *ileɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *ilbe-
Comments: Дыбо 13. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ílék`a ( ~ *élík`a, -k-)
Meaning: front, before
Russian meaning: перед, прежде
Turkic: *il(i)k
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)elekē-s
Japanese: *áráka-
Comments: Cf. Bur. eĺge(n) 'sunny side, Southern slope'.
Proto-Altaic: *iĺkV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to hope, believe
Russian meaning: надеяться, верить
Turkic: *ɨĺan- / *iĺen-
Mongolian: *ilga-
Tungus-Manchu: *ilkV-
Comments: Дыбо 14. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ìlù
Meaning: third (or next after three), consisting of three objects
Russian meaning: третий (или четвертый после трех), состоящий из трех предметов
Turkic: *ölöŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *ilan
Japanese: *ùrùpu
Comments: An interesting etymon; the original meaning can be probably reconstructed as "(a group of) three objects, followed by a fourth". The Turkic form must represent a vowel assimilation < *ilöŋ.
Proto-Altaic: *ilV ( ~ -ĺ-)
Meaning: to stand, become
Russian meaning: стоять, становиться
Tungus-Manchu: *ili-
Korean: *īr-
Comments: Martin 1996, 75. A Tung.-Kor. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ilVmV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: elm-tree, mulberry-tree
Turkic: *ilme
Mongolian: *(h)ilama
Comments: A Turk.-Mong. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ìmé
Meaning: now
Russian meaning: сейчас
Turkic: *em-
Mongolian: *(h)ima-gta
Tungus-Manchu: *ime-
Korean: *ima-
Japanese: *ìmá
Comments: Лексика 83.
Proto-Altaic: *ìmè ( ~ -i)
Meaning: a k. of vegetable
Russian meaning: вид корнеплода
Korean: *máh
Japanese: *ìmǝ̀ (~-ua)
Comments: Whitman 1985, 180, 237. A Kor.-Jpn. isogloss, so the reconstruction is rather approximate. Cf. perhaps Oroch impai 'a k. of onion (порей)' (ТМС 1, 313); Orok imu 'potato' (ibid.) may be < Jpn.
Proto-Altaic: *ĭ́na
Meaning: dawn, dusk
Russian meaning: рассвет, сумерки
Turkic: *ɨŋɨr
Tungus-Manchu: *ine-
Korean: *ǝ̀ńɨ̀r-ɨm
Comments: Лексика 81-82. The Turk. form reflects a velar suffix (cf. PTM *ine-ŋi 'day, dawn'). Cf. perhaps OJpn. ina-(bjikari) 'lightning' ('light in darkness'?).
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Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50 100

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