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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *dā́lV ( ~ -ē-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nape, withers
Russian meaning: загривок, холка
Turkic: *jāl
Mongolian: *dalaŋ
Korean: *tǝr-mi
Comments: KW 73, Poppe 97, Дыбо 306, Лексика 147; TMN 4, 106 ("...unklar"). The root seems to be distinct from *dḗlì (*dḗjlì) q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *dā̀mù
Meaning: only
Russian meaning: только
Tungus-Manchu: *dāmu
Japanese: *dùmài
Comments: An interesting TM-Jpn. isogloss. It is perhaps worth noting the particle jamu mentioned by MK for contexts like "sen barɣɨl jamu" 'go, will you' (see EDT 934).
Proto-Altaic: *dā̀pà
Meaning: to cross (a mountain)
Russian meaning: переваливать (через гору)
Mongolian: *daba-
Tungus-Manchu: *dāb-
Japanese: *dàmà
Comments: KW 80, Poppe 23, 45, JOAL 85, 86, Murayama 1962, 108, АПиПЯЯ 15, 104, 109 (with an explanation of Jpn. -m-: *dàmà < *dàpa-(ga)n = Mong. dabaɣan), 276.
Proto-Altaic: *debí ( ~ ǯ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: bad, to suffer
Russian meaning: плохой, страдать
Turkic: *jAb-
Mongolian: *ǯib-
Korean: *jǝ̀búi-
Japanese: *(d)impi-r-
Comments: Finch 1987, 17 (Jpn.-Mong.). One of the few exceptional cases of *ǯ- > *j- in Kor. (cf. *ǯa- 'eight').
Proto-Altaic: *debV
Meaning: young (of birds or animals)
Russian meaning: детеныш (птиц или животных)
Turkic: *jabrɨ
Mongolian: *deɣü
Tungus-Manchu: *debere
Comments: Poppe AU 105, Дыбо 9, Лексика 169. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *d[é]gì
Meaning: feather, wing
Russian meaning: перо, крыло
Turkic: *jüg
Mongolian: *ǯiɣür
Tungus-Manchu: *dekte-
Japanese: *(d)íká
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 44, 287, Лексика 150. Labialization in PT is probably secondary (*jüg < *jegü < *jegi-gü, cf. the Mong. form).
Proto-Altaic: *dĕ́kà
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to burn
Russian meaning: жечь, гореть
Turkic: *jak-
Tungus-Manchu: *deg-ǯe-gi-
Korean: *thằ-
Japanese: *dák-
Comments: Martin 227, JOAL 90-94, АПиПЯЯ 35-36, 90, 279. Korean has a usual vowel reduction between a stop and a fricative.
Proto-Altaic: *dék`à
Meaning: a k. of reed or bamboo
Russian meaning: вид тростника или бамбука
Turkic: *jEken
Mongolian: *dek-
Tungus-Manchu: *deke-
Korean: *tái
Japanese: *tákái
Comments: Martin 225, Whitman 1985, 188, 215, Дыбо 11. The tone incongruence between Kor. and Jpn. should be explained by contraction in Kor.; however, the zero reflex in Kor. is somewhat strange (one would at least expect *tahi).
Proto-Altaic: *dek`V ( ~ -k-)
Meaning: harness, hook
Russian meaning: упряжь, крюк
Turkic: *jEk-
Tungus-Manchu: *deken
Comments: Дыбо 12. A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *dĕ̀lp`à
Meaning: flat, wide
Russian meaning: плоский, широкий
Turkic: *jalpɨ
Mongolian: *dalba-
Tungus-Manchu: *delpi-n
Japanese: *tàpìra
Comments: VEWT 183, KW 75 (Turk.-Mong.), Цинциус 1984, 8, АПиПЯЯ 71, 287. Mong. has also a front vowel variant delbe 'flatness', delbeger 'broad, wide', ǯilbigar id.
Proto-Altaic: *dĕ̀lp`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to burst, break
Russian meaning: ломать(ся), рвать(ся)
Turkic: *deĺ-
Mongolian: *delbe-
Tungus-Manchu: *delpe-
Japanese: *timpǝ-
Comments: Poppe 44 (Mong.-Tung.), Дыбо 13. Despite Doerfer MT 64, the TM form is hardly borrowed from Mong.
Proto-Altaic: *depo ( ~ -b-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wet, soak
Russian meaning: мокрый, мокнуть
Turkic: *jẹbi-
Mongolian: *debte-
Tungus-Manchu: *deb-
Comments: KW 88. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *dĕp`a ( ~ *t-)
Meaning: soft, fluffy
Russian meaning: мягкий, пушистый
Tungus-Manchu: *dep-
Korean: *tàpók-
Comments: An expressive TM-Kor. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *deŕa ( ~ -o)
Meaning: to flatten, flat
Russian meaning: расплющивать, плоский
Turkic: *jạŕ-
Mongolian: *daru-
Korean: *tàrì-
Comments: SKE 257, 258.
Proto-Altaic: *déru ( ~ -ŕ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to shake, sway
Russian meaning: качаться, махать
Mongolian: *derbe-
Tungus-Manchu: *der(gi)-
Japanese: *dúr-
Comments: Cf. also PTM *deri(n)- 'jump, run'. {ND 566 adds WMo dorgi- 'tremble, shake, vibrate'}
Proto-Altaic: *dḕ
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to lie
Russian meaning: лежать
Turkic: *jạt-
Mongolian: *de-b-
Tungus-Manchu: *dē-
Japanese: *dàntǝ̀-r-
Comments: One of the common Altaic monosyllabic verbal roots. Note dental suffixation (probably *dē-ta-) reflected in PT, TM and Jpn.
Proto-Altaic: *dḕgni
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: needle, thorn, arrow
Russian meaning: игла, шип, стрела
Turkic: *(j)igne
Mongolian: *ǯeɣü-wün
Tungus-Manchu: *dēŋgu
Japanese: *(d)inka
Comments: Владимирцов 196. Mong. *ǯeɣü-ɣün must go back to *ǯiɣe-ɣü-n. {An alternative proposition: TM *dēŋgu could be compared with PJ *dùmì 'bow' < PA *dḕŋu; in that case the present root could be reconstructed as *ǯegi.}
Proto-Altaic: *dḗlì
Meaning: mane; collar
Russian meaning: грива; воротник
Turkic: *jēl
Mongolian: *del
Tungus-Manchu: *delü-n
Japanese: *(d)iárì
Comments: EAS 52, KW 74, 85, Poppe 22, 75, АПиПЯЯ 72, 287, Лексика 147; TMN 4, 106 ("...unklar"). TM is hardly < Mong., despite Doerfer MT 76, Rozycki 58. The diphthong in Jpn. may indicate PA *dḗjlì. Cf. *dā́lV.
Proto-Altaic: *dible
Meaning: hem
Russian meaning: подол, окантовка
Turkic: *jEl(b)-
Mongolian: *dewel
Tungus-Manchu: *dilbi-
Comments: KW 85, EAS 174 (with several misquoted forms), TMN 1, 328. A Western isogloss. Some rather strange variants coexist within Mong. and TM, and archaic interborrowing is not excluded; it is also possible that the root should be reconstructed as *dible, to account for the development in Mong. Another possibility is comparing the Mong. forms (at least part of them) with Evk. lipêre `a k. of winter clothes', Tuva čüvür `trousers' (?).
Proto-Altaic: *dijV ( ~ *t-)
Meaning: tar, to melt
Russian meaning: вар, варить
Tungus-Manchu: *dī
Korean: *tī-
Japanese: *(d)í-
Comments: An Eastern isogloss.
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