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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯ū̀me ( ~ -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of insect
Russian meaning: вид насекомого
Turkic: *čümeli
Tungus-Manchu: *čīme- (~š-,-ǖ-)
Korean: *čóm
Comments: Лексика 184.
Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯ū́p`a ( ~ -u)
Meaning: a k. of insect
Russian meaning: вид насекомого
Turkic: *čɨ̄pɨn
Mongolian: *čubali
Tungus-Manchu: *čope-
Comments: An expressive Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ī́ĺč`u
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to swell
Russian meaning: пухнуть
Turkic: *sīĺč
Mongolian: *čulčaji- / *čelčeji- / *čili-
Tungus-Manchu: *čilču-
Japanese: *tu(n)si-m-
Comments: EAS 108, KW 440, Poppe 117, Мудрак Дисс. 91, Miller 1970, 129, JOAL 119. In Turkic one has to suppose a dissimilation (*sīĺč < *čīĺč; cf. Turkm. čīš-, perhaps preserving an archaism). PA *č`ī́ĺč`u may be a partial reduplication, or else have a suffixed *-č`V (*č`ī́ĺu-č`V; cf. Mong. čili-, perhaps reflecting an original simple stem). A possibility of reconstructing *č`ĭ́jĺu-č`V should be also considered (see above on the Turkic reflexes).
Proto-Altaic: *č`ī̀me
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: knuckle, cartilage
Russian meaning: косточка, хрящ
Turkic: *čEmirčik
Mongolian: *čimöge
Tungus-Manchu: *čīme- (~š-,-ǖ-)
Korean: *čǝŋk- ( < *čǝm-k- ?)
Comments: Лексика 261.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ī̀mu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: top, edge
Russian meaning: верх, край
Turkic: *čɨm- / *čum- (*čom-)
Mongolian: *čimarkai
Tungus-Manchu: *čīme
Japanese: *tuma
Comments: The root seems reliable, although in Turkic its reflex is rather hard to distinguish from a homonymous reflex of *č`i̯úmu 'rounded object'.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ī́p`a
Meaning: branch, sharp branch
Russian meaning: ветка, острая ветка
Turkic: *čɨ̄p
Tungus-Manchu: *čipa-
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss; possible but not very reliable. The root seems to be distinct from *č`ḗbV 'branch, staff' and from *č`ipV 'sharp edge' q. v. - although contaminations were of course possible.
Proto-Altaic: *č`òk`e ( ~ -i̯u-)
Meaning: cheek bone
Russian meaning: скула
Turkic: *čügde
Mongolian: *čoku
Korean: *čjókái
Comments: Лексика 203. Cf. also notes to *č`[i̯a]k`i.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ŏk`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to incline, sink
Russian meaning: погружаться, склоняться
Turkic: *čök-
Mongolian: *čökü-
Tungus-Manchu: *čoK[i]-
Korean: *čùk-
Japanese: *tuku-(m)pap-
Comments: VEWT 117, KW 431 (without the Korean form), EAS 64, SKE 43, АПиПЯЯ 286. Despite Doerfer's (TMN 3, 122) criticism, the root is certainly common Altaic. In Mong. cf. also reduplicated forms: Khalkha cogcojǯ sū-, Bur. sogsojžo hū- 'to squat', sogsogono- 'to curtsey'. The original meaning must have been 'squat', 'kneel down' - whence 'incline, sink', and further metaphorical developments: 'lose hope', 'die'.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ŏli ( ~ -e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: steppe
Russian meaning: степь
Turkic: *čöl
Mongolian: *čolid
Tungus-Manchu: *čulbi-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`óme
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: together, all
Russian meaning: вместе, все
Mongolian: *čöm
Tungus-Manchu: *čuŋnu
Japanese: *tǝ́mǝ
Comments: A not quite clear phonetic development in TM; perhaps one has to reconstruct *č`óŋme, with cluster simplification in Mong. and with dissimilation *čuŋmu > *čuŋnu in TM.
Proto-Altaic: *č`omi ( ~ -e)
Meaning: stack, to stack
Russian meaning: стог, куча, складывать в кучу
Turkic: *čömele
Mongolian: *čomu-
Tungus-Manchu: *čum-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`òmu ( ~ -i̯o-)
Meaning: to cram, stop up
Russian meaning: запихивать, набивать
Korean: *čắm-, *čằm-
Japanese: *tùm-
Comments: A Kor.-Jpn. isogloss; Western parallels may have merged with *šŏ́mo 'to dive, scoop' q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *č`op`i ( ~ -e)
Meaning: dregs, dirt
Russian meaning: осадок, грязь
Turkic: *čöp
Mongolian: *čöb
Tungus-Manchu: *čupa
Comments: A Western isogloss; Mong. may be < Turkic.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ṓga
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: ashes, glowing coals
Russian meaning: зола, угли
Turkic: *čōg, -ak
Tungus-Manchu: *čuguk ( ~ -b-)
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ṑk`a
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to peck, gouge
Russian meaning: клевать, долбить
Turkic: *čok-
Mongolian: *čoki-
Tungus-Manchu: *čōk(i)-
Korean: *čhắ-
Comments: EAS 64, KW 429, Дыбо 13, Doerfer MT 68. Martin 239 compares OJ tuk- which can belong here, too, but is an obvious merger of several roots.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ṑrV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: pike
Russian meaning: щука
Turkic: *čortan
Mongolian: *čurukai
Tungus-Manchu: *čōr-
Comments: KW 434, Лексика 178. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ùgù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: bundle
Russian meaning: связка
Turkic: *čug
Mongolian: *čug-
Korean: *čok
Japanese: *tùkà
Comments: Korean *čok should be explained as a contraction < *č`ugu-k`V, with a frequent suffixed -k.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ukV ( ~ -o-)
Meaning: to jump, trot
Russian meaning: прыгать, скакать
Mongolian: *čogi-
Tungus-Manchu: *čuKe-rē-
Korean: *čhú-
Comments: Korean has a frequent vowel loss between a stop and a fricative.
Proto-Altaic: *č`úk`i ( ~ -i̯u-)
Meaning: a k. of fish
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Turkic: *čüke
Korean: *čòkɨ́i
Comments: A Turk.-Kor. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`uli
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to grow less, shrink
Russian meaning: уменьшаться, ухудшаться
Turkic: *čülik-
Mongolian: *čölü-
Tungus-Manchu: *čulbi-
Korean: *čūr-
Comments: SKE 44.
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