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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`[i]č`V
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: spout, prick, penis
Russian meaning: носик, шип, penis
Mongolian: *čiči-
Tungus-Manchu: *čiču
Korean: *čā̆či
Comments: SKE 25 (Kor.-Tung.). An expressive word with not quite secure vocalic correspondences (cf. also in Turkic: Uzb. čụčɔq 'penis' (of a child) = Kirgh. čüčök 'острица, брань по поводу детей', Khal. čučo 'pee' (in childr. language); cf. also *č`eč`u 'flower'.
Proto-Altaic: *č`iju
Meaning: wet, moisture
Russian meaning: влажный, влага
Turkic: *čɨj-ɨk
Mongolian: *čiɣig
Tungus-Manchu: *čikpa-
Korean: *čī-n, *čhuk-
Japanese: *tuju
Comments: EAS 64, KW 443, Лексика 39. A PA derivative *č`iju-k`V is reflected in PT *čɨjɨk = Mong. čiɣig = PTM *čik- = Kor. *čhuk-. Also here probably Kor. čhú-m 'phlegm'. In Japanese (perhaps also in Korean) there is some confusion of this root with *č`aju 'resin, tar' q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ika ( ~ -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to stamp, ram; stamped path
Russian meaning: утаптывать, набивать; утоптанная тропа
Turkic: *čɨgɨr
Mongolian: *čig
Tungus-Manchu: *čiKi-
Comments: A Western isogloss. Mong. > Tung. (Evk. čigǯan, čigle- etc.), see ТМС 2, 389 (perhaps also Nan. ǯịGda-, ТМС 1, 255) - although Evk. čiki 'stamped snow' must be genuine.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭ̀k`à
Meaning: bead, treasure
Russian meaning: бисер, драгоценность
Turkic: *čEk- ( ~ -i-)
Tungus-Manchu: *čiku-
Japanese: *tàkàrà
Comments: An interesting common Altaic cultural term.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭk`a ( ~ -o, -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to rise, sprout
Russian meaning: подниматься, прорастать
Turkic: *čɨk-
Mongolian: *čiki
Tungus-Manchu: *čiK(i)-
Korean: *čhi-
Comments: In Kor. - a usual vowel loss between a stop and a fricative; cf. also SKE 48.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭ́k`ā́
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to cut, cutting instrument
Russian meaning: резать, режущий инструмент
Tungus-Manchu: *čikā-
Japanese: *tánkání
Comments: A Tung.-Jap. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ik`ò
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: straw, chaff
Russian meaning: солома, мякина
Turkic: *čigit / *čɨgɨt ( ~ -k-)
Mongolian: *čiɣire
Tungus-Manchu: *čixe-
Korean: *čùkɨ́r
Japanese: *tǝkusa
Comments: Дыбо 10, Лексика 116. In Jpn. it is difficult (but probably necessary) to distinguish the reflex of this root from *č`i̯ṑk`e 'forage grass' ( > Jpn. *tukusi 'horse-tail') q. v. The Mongolian form also raises problems: it probably reflects a suffixed *č`ik`rV with a development -kr- > -ɣVr- (cf. similarly buɣurčag < *bŭkrV, uɣurga < *uk`rukV / *uk`urkV); otherwise -ɣ- is very hard to explain.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭ̀k`o ( ~ -k-)
Meaning: pivot, bolt
Russian meaning: шарнир, стержень
Turkic: *čɨkanak
Mongolian: *čigta
Tungus-Manchu: *čiKi
Korean: *čítóri
Japanese: *tikiri
Comments: Дыбо 43. Note dental suffixation in Mong. and Kor. (PA *č`ìk`(o)-t`V).
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭ́mu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to pinch, pluck (with fingers)
Russian meaning: щипать, хватать (пальцами)
Turkic: *čɨm-
Mongolian: *čim-
Tungus-Manchu: *č[i]m-
Korean: *čum
Japanese: *túm-
Comments: Poppe 26, JOAL 98, АПиПЯЯ 76; TMN 3, 99 ("möglich, daß hier ein Zusammenhang besteht...Jedoch sind die Wörter anscheinend expressiv, daher nicht gut als urverwandt vergleichbar.")
Proto-Altaic: *č`imV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of fish
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Mongolian: *čima
Tungus-Manchu: *čime
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss, and borrowing in Mong. < TM is not excluded (although the meanings differ); in Turkic cf. perhaps Chuv. śomga 'rainbow trout'.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ipV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sharp edge, peg
Russian meaning: острый край, колышек
Turkic: *čib
Mongolian: *čibe
Tungus-Manchu: *čibuke
Comments: A Western isogloss. Cf. *č`ī́p`a, {*č`ḗbV.}
Proto-Altaic: *č`íp`ú
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to press (with fingers), pinch
Russian meaning: давить (пальцами), щипать
Tungus-Manchu: *čip-
Korean: *čìp-
Japanese: *túmpǝ́-m-
Comments: An Eastern isogloss (but cf. *č`abo, with possible contaminations). In Turk. cf. Chuv. čǝbǝt- 'to pinch' - possibly reflecting a contamination of the above root with Turk. *čɨm- q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭ̀p`[ú]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: small bird
Russian meaning: мелкая птица
Turkic: *čɨpčɨk
Mongolian: *čuwčali
Tungus-Manchu: *čipi-
Korean: *čjǝ̄pì
Japanese: *tùmpá-mái ( ~ -ia)
Comments: SKE 26 (Tung.-Kor.), АПиПЯЯ 293, Дыбо 8, EAS 63, Лексика 176-177. The vocalism is not quite certain because of expressive changes (Mong. *čuwčali may be < *čiɣu-čali, but -jǝ̄- in Kor. is harder to explain). Cf. *sipV.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭre
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to stink, be rotten
Russian meaning: плохо пахнуть, гнить
Turkic: *čẹr
Mongolian: *čer
Tungus-Manchu: *čiri-
Korean: *čiri-
Comments: EAS 63, SKE 35, ОСНЯ 1, 207.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ire
Meaning: to cut, scrape
Russian meaning: резать, царапать
Turkic: *čert-
Tungus-Manchu: *čire-
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`iŕV
Meaning: to drag, draw
Russian meaning: тащить, чертить
Turkic: *čiŕ-
Mongolian: *čir-
Comments: A Turk.-Mong. isogloss; not quite reliable, since the Mong. word can also belong to *či̯ŭru q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯abo ( ~ *č`i̯obe)
Meaning: foam, bubble
Russian meaning: накипь, пузырь
Mongolian: *čeɣer
Tungus-Manchu: *čobī- ( ~ š-)
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯abVk`V
Meaning: oyster, shell
Russian meaning: раковина, устрица
Tungus-Manchu: *čiabikta
Korean: *čjòkài
Comments: A Tung.-Kor. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯aga
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cold, frozen snow
Russian meaning: холод, наст
Mongolian: *ča(g)-su
Tungus-Manchu: *čiaga
Korean: *čhằ-
Comments: Kor. čhiw- 'cold' is a secondary derivation from čhằ-. Mong. ča-sun may actually reflect a contamination with *čar-sun, cf. *čar 'crust (of snow), наст' (see *č`era); Southern Mongolian languages seem, however, to preserve traces of a velar *čag-su.
Proto-Altaic: *č`[i̯a]k`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: temple; ear
Russian meaning: висок; ухо
Turkic: *čẹke
Mongolian: *čiki
Tungus-Manchu: *čaKar
Korean: *čăkami
Comments: KW 439, Poppe 55, АПиПЯЯ 294 (without the Tung. form), Дыбо 4, Лексика 203. The vocalism is not quite certain: a reconstruction of *-i̯a- is possible if we admit a secondary monophthongization *či̯a- > *ča- in PTM.
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