Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 2805 records 141 page

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50 100
\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *č`a
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: that, beyond, not very far
Russian meaning: тот (не очень дальний)
Mongolian: *ča-
Tungus-Manchu: *čā-
Korean: *čǝ̀
Comments: KW 423, Poppe 26, Rozycki 43. Hardly a loanword in TM < Mong., despite Doerfer MT 20.
Proto-Altaic: *č`abo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to pinch
Russian meaning: щипать
Mongolian: *čibka
Tungus-Manchu: *čaba-
Korean: *čūb-
Comments: Cf. *č`íp`u.
Proto-Altaic: *č`abu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: army, war
Russian meaning: войско, война
Turkic: *čAbuĺ(č)
Mongolian: *čaɣur
Tungus-Manchu: *čabu-ka
Japanese: *tupa-
Comments: Владимирцов 209.
Proto-Altaic: *č`adVbV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: scorpion, viper
Russian meaning: скорпион, ядовитая змея
Turkic: *čAd(b)an
Japanese: *tatipi
Comments: A Turk.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`[a]ge
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of plant (reed) and its bast
Russian meaning: вид растения (тростника) и его кора
Turkic: *čɨg (~-ɨ̄-)
Mongolian: *čaɣal-su
Korean: *čjòhắi
Comments: PKE 39 (Kor.-Mong.). The meaning 'paper' in Mong. and Kor. must be derived from original '(reed) bast, bark'. Labialized -o- (as well as the source of modern -ŋ-) in Kor. is not quite clear.
Proto-Altaic: *č`aju ( ~ -e-)
Meaning: resin, juice
Russian meaning: смола, сок
Turkic: *čAjɨr
Korean: *čɨ̀r-
Japanese: *tuju
Comments: Kor. *čɨ̀r- (with contraction) = Turk. *čAjɨr. Cf. perhaps also WMong. čei-dem, Kalm. čīdm, cīdm 'water mixed with kumis' (although this may be a derivative of čeji- 'white, whitish').
Proto-Altaic: *č`ằjǯV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: breast
Russian meaning: грудь
Turkic: *čičig (/*čɨčɨg)
Mongolian: *čeɣeǯi
Tungus-Manchu: *ča(i)ǯa-n
Korean: *čjǝ́č
Japanese: *tì, *tìtí
Comments: Martin 227, Lee 1958, 107, АПиПЯЯ 32-33, 76, 88, 279. An expressive reduplicated root, but no doubt common Altaic. Because of its structure, liable to assimilations (*č`ằjǯV > *ǯằjǯV or *č`ằjč`V).
Proto-Altaic: *č`áko
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: many; be full, enough
Russian meaning: много; быть полным, достаточным
Turkic: *čok
Tungus-Manchu: *čak
Korean: *čhắ-
Japanese: *tákú-páp-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 283. The comparison of PT *čok with Sino-Kor. čjok (SKE 39, AKE 7, EAS 63) should be, of course, rejected; on the other hand, the comparison of Kor. čhă- (a regular reduction < *čăhă-) with Mong. čad-, čas- in SKE 46 cannot explain the aspiration of č- in Korean. See further МССНЯ, 331.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ak`a
Meaning: to wrap, tie
Russian meaning: заворачивать, привязывать
Turkic: *čak-
Tungus-Manchu: *čaK-
Korean: *čhằ-
Japanese: *ta(n)k-
Comments: Дыбо 15. Korean has a frequent vowel reduction between a stop and a fricative (*čhă- < *čǝhă-).
Proto-Altaic: *č`ak`e
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: forearm
Russian meaning: предплечье
Turkic: *čɨkan(ak)
Tungus-Manchu: *čaxan
Korean: *čjàkái-
Comments: Дыбо 311, Лексика 250. A reconstruction *č`ajk`e is not excluded because of the Korean form; this is perhaps the reason for *-x- in TM (where in this context one would rather expect *čakan).
Proto-Altaic: *č`ăk`i
Meaning: a k. of insect
Russian meaning: вид насекомого
Turkic: *čekü-rtke
Mongolian: *čoku
Tungus-Manchu: *čaKu- ( ~ š-)
Comments: A Western isogloss. Note a labial vowel in the second syllable which in this case must be reflecting suffixation (*č`ăk`i-bV-); Mong. *čoku < *čaku with a frequent secondary vowel assimilation.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ak`V
Meaning: section, prop (in a building)
Russian meaning: перегородка, подпорка (в здании)
Mongolian: *čaku
Tungus-Manchu: *čaKi-
Korean: *čhái
Comments: Korean has a frequent vowel loss between *č`- and *-k-.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ali
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: membrane, bark
Russian meaning: кожица, кора
Turkic: *čEl(p)-
Tungus-Manchu: *čalban
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *č`àlù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sharp, to cut
Russian meaning: острый, резать
Turkic: *čal-
Mongolian: *čali
Tungus-Manchu: *čal-
Japanese: *tùrù(n)kì
Comments: KW 420, ОСНЯ 1, 196-197. KW 420, ОСНЯ 1, 196-197. The Jpn. form can be alternatively compared with PTM *dargi 'harpoon'.
Proto-Altaic: *č`amo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to suffer hardships
Russian meaning: претерпевать лишения
Turkic: *čAm
Mongolian: *čima-
Tungus-Manchu: *čamu-li-
Korean: *čắmh-
Japanese: *tamar-
Comments: The Kor. form reflects an earlier *čămh- < *čam(o)-g-, with a velar suffix (cf. the Mong. form). The root is sufficiently attested in Mong. and Kor.; but the Turkic forms may have a borrowed origin, the TM and Jpn. forms are attested worse, so the archaic nature of the root is somewhat dubious.
Proto-Altaic: *č`ámo ( ~ -e-)
Meaning: a k. of tree
Russian meaning: вид дерева
Turkic: *čAm
Mongolian: *čöme-sü ?
Korean: *čămh
Japanese: *támú-kui
Comments: SKE 47. It is worth noting that the Korean word also means 'sesame' or 'anise' (in compounds, see KED 1570, 1571): this may be in fact a merger with the reflex of PA *č`i̯umu 'seed, cone' (q. v.).
Proto-Altaic: *č`àńè ( ~ *č-, -e-)
Meaning: building
Russian meaning: здание
Korean: *čáń
Japanese: *tǝ̀nǝ̀
Comments: A Kor.-Jpn. isogloss. Cf. perhaps also Dag. čēn 'town' (Тод. Даг. 181).
Proto-Altaic: *č`aŋo
Meaning: people, gathering
Russian meaning: народ, собрание
Mongolian: *čiɣul-
Tungus-Manchu: *čaŋit
Korean: *č(j)ōŋ
Japanese: *tami
Comments: Jpn. and Mong. suggest that the original meaning was "people, public gathering"; in TM and Kor. the root shifted the meaning to "foreign people" > (TM) "enemies, robbers", (Kor.) "slave(s)".
Proto-Altaic: *č`ăp`a ( ~ -u, -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to chop, hit
Russian meaning: рубить, бить
Turkic: *čap-
Mongolian: *čabči-
Tungus-Manchu: *čapka
Korean: *čak-
Comments: KW 437, ОСНЯ 1, 201. Mong. is hardly borrowed from Turk., despite Щербак 1997, 112. Several subgroups reflect a PA derivative *č`ap`(V)-k`V (PT *čapkɨ = PTM *čapka = Kor. *čak- ( < *čapk-)).
Proto-Altaic: *č`ăp`a ( ~ -u, -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: glue, clay
Russian meaning: клей, глина
Turkic: *čap-
Mongolian: *čabaɣ(u)
Tungus-Manchu: *čapa
Comments: KW 423. A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,
Total of 2805 records 141 page

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50 100

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
8419159450
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov