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Altaic etymology :

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Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Proto-Altaic: *soke
Meaning: to kneel, be inclined
Russian meaning: становиться на колени, склоняться
Turkic: *sök-
Mongolian: *sögüd-
Tungus-Manchu: *suku-
Comments: EAS 71, 148, KW 333, Poppe 30. A Western isogloss. The Mong. forms may be < Turkic (cf. OT sökit-); but cf. also Mong. soɣsuji-, Kalm. soksī- ( > Oyr. soqsoj- etc., VEWT 426) 'to sit without motion' (KW 329).
Proto-Altaic: *soke ( ~ -i̯u-, -k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to split
Russian meaning: отщеплять
Turkic: *sök-
Japanese: *sǝ̀nk-
Comments: A Turk.-Jpn. isogloss. Cf. perhaps also Mong. segre- 'to be torn to pieces' (although delabialization is unexplainable).
Proto-Altaic: *sokV
Meaning: stuffed guts
Russian meaning: фаршированные внутренности
Turkic: *sogut / *soktu
Mongolian: *sugu-
Tungus-Manchu: *sokta
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *sŏ̀k`o ( ~ -k-)
Meaning: to hit, harm
Russian meaning: бить, вредить
Turkic: *sok-
Mongolian: *sogug
Tungus-Manchu: *suK-
Japanese: *sǝ̀kǝ̀-nap-
Comments: Cf. *sṑk`e, *ši̯ŭk`u, *sák`a.
Proto-Altaic: *sólukV ( ~ z-, -ĺ-, -ak-, -k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of small fur animal
Russian meaning: вид мелкого пушного животного
Mongolian: *soluŋga
Tungus-Manchu: *sulakī
Korean: *sằrk
Comments: SKE 221, Lee 1958, 117, Poppe 1950, 579, Miller 2000, 62 . Cf. *si̯alo(-kV).
Proto-Altaic: *sòmú (~ z-)
Meaning: gore, gusset
Russian meaning: клин в одежде, ластовица
Mongolian: *sumu
Tungus-Manchu: *soma
Korean: *sắmái
Japanese: *sùmí
Comments: The original meaning was probably 'inner angle in a robe' (hence 'right lap' in Mong. and 'sleeve' in Kor.), with a generalization ( > 'inner angle') in Japanese; the TM match is semantically plausible (a further development 'gusset' > 'fish fin'), but very scantily attested and thus dubious.
Proto-Altaic: *sònŋu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: trace, back, behind
Russian meaning: след, зад
Turkic: *soŋ
Mongolian: *sun-du-
Tungus-Manchu: *soŋka ( ~ *sonŋV-ka)
Japanese: *sùm-
Comments: EAS 119, KW 337 (the Turk.-Mong. match seems valid despite criticism in TMN 1, 348).
Proto-Altaic: *sŏ̀nu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dog hunt, dog rope
Russian meaning: охота с собаками, собачий повод
Turkic: *sonar
Tungus-Manchu: *suna
Korean: *sànhằiŋ
Japanese: *sùnà-tǝr-
Comments: The Kor. form is a secondary derivative from an unattested verb *sàn-hă-, which explains the "verbal" low tone (although the -a-vowel is not quite expected, possibly - a dissimilation from *sằn-hă-). The Jpn. meaning is obviously secondary ("hunting" > "fishing").
Proto-Altaic: *sóra ( ~ z-, -u-, -ŕ-)
Meaning: a k. of dish, basket
Russian meaning: вид блюда, корзины
Tungus-Manchu: *sora
Korean: *sòr-
Japanese: *sárá
Comments: SKE 242, Martin 250. An Eastern isogloss. Cf. perhaps Khak. sara 'a vessel for sifting flour'.
Proto-Altaic: *sōdV ( ~ z-, -ū-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to scoop
Russian meaning: черпать
Tungus-Manchu: *sōda
Korean: *stɨ́-
Comments: A Tung.-Kor. isogloss. Korean has a frequent vowel reduction between a fricative and a stop, which explains the -t-reflex.
Proto-Altaic: *sṓjk`ì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to curse
Russian meaning: ругать
Turkic: *sȫk-
Mongolian: *sögeɣe- / -k-
Tungus-Manchu: *sujKu-
Japanese: *sikar-
Comments: KW 333, Poppe 109. Hardly borrowed in Mong. < Turk., despite Щербак 1997, 147. Medial *-j-, preserved in Manchu, explains the vowel -i- in Jpn. (otherwise *suk- would be expected).
Proto-Altaic: *sṑk`e
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be harmed, deceived
Russian meaning: ошибаться, попадать в беду
Turkic: *sökel
Mongolian: *sögüɣe
Tungus-Manchu: *sōk-
Korean: *sòk-
Comments: Korean has a usual verbal low tone. Cf. *sŏ̀k`o.
Proto-Altaic: *sṓlo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be lax, loose
Russian meaning: быть расслабленным, свободным
Turkic: *sōl
Mongolian: *sula
Tungus-Manchu: *sula-
Korean: *săr-
Japanese: *sǝra- ( ~ -ua-)
Comments: KW 336, SKE 221 (the Kor. form is found only there and thus questionable). Despite Doerfer MT 26, TM forms are hardly borrowed from Mong.
Proto-Altaic: *sṑlV
Meaning: yellow, bleak
Russian meaning: желтый, бледный
Turkic: *sol-
Tungus-Manchu: *sō-
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *sṓra
Meaning: to ask, inform
Russian meaning: спрашивать, сообщать
Turkic: *sōr(a)-
Mongolian: *sori-
Tungus-Manchu: *sure
Korean: *sā̆rb-
Japanese: *sátǝ́- ( ~ -ua)
Comments: Martin 234 (Turk.-Mong.-Kor.).
Proto-Altaic: *suba ( ~ -bg-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: steam, odour
Russian meaning: пар, запах
Turkic: *sogul-
Mongolian: *sabsa-
Tungus-Manchu: *subgi-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *suba ( ~ -o, -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to tie, bind
Russian meaning: привязывать, увязывать
Turkic: *sub-luk (*sɨb-luk)
Mongolian: *soji-
Tungus-Manchu: *sub-
Comments: A Western isogloss. Cf. *sĭ̀bi, *ši̯ū̀po. The three roots are very difficult to sort out; *suba seems to be particularly connected with harnessing.
Proto-Altaic: *subV ( ~ z-, -p-)
Meaning: a 1-year-old animal
Russian meaning: однолетнее животное
Mongolian: *subaj
Tungus-Manchu: *sube
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *súču ( ~ *si̯účo, *z-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: soot, coal
Russian meaning: сажа, уголь
Mongolian: *čučal(i) / *čičula
Korean: *sùsk
Japanese: *sùsû
Comments: Martin 242. Mong. has an assimilation *čuč- < *suč-, usual in roots of this type.
Proto-Altaic: *suda
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to spit out, spurt
Russian meaning: выплевывать, бить струей
Turkic: *sud-
Mongolian: *sadara-
Comments: A Turk.-Mong. isogloss.
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