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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯ŏ́p`è
Meaning: sideway, to follow by sideway
Russian meaning: обход, идти сбоку
Turkic: *sap-
Tungus-Manchu: *supti-
Japanese: *sǝ́p-
Comments: The original meaning is well reconstructable as 'to follow by sideway', possibly an element of hunting terminology.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ŏp`u
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: oval-shaped, conus-shaped
Russian meaning: овальный, конусообразный
Turkic: *supɨ
Mongolian: *sibo-
Tungus-Manchu: *sip-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯orek`V ( ~ -i-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: female or gelded ungulate animal
Russian meaning: копытное животное (женского пола или кастрированное)
Turkic: *sarɨk
Mongolian: *serke
Tungus-Manchu: *surki
Comments: Мудрак Дисс. 67. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯òri
Meaning: to flow, be soaked
Russian meaning: течь, промокать
Tungus-Manchu: *sora-
Korean: *hɨ̀rɨ̀-
Japanese: *sìtà-t-
Comments: An Eastern isogloss; cf. notes to *si̯ŭ̀ŕi, *ši̯ŭŕu. In Korean we would rather expect *-ă- or *-u-/-o-; -ɨ- may be a result of vowel assimilation.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ŏ̀rme
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sinew
Russian meaning: жила
Mongolian: *sirmö- / *sirbö-
Tungus-Manchu: *sumu-
Korean: *hím
Comments: In Turkic cf. perhaps *sürmeč 'women's plait' (VEWT 438), Chuv. sǝrme kobъz 'violin' ('string instrument'). See SKE 63.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ŏ́su
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to scoop; to wash
Russian meaning: черпать; мыть
Turkic: *sus-
Tungus-Manchu: *sisa-
Korean: *sìs-, *sɨ́s-
Japanese: *súsú-k-
Comments: The Kor. reflex is irregular (we should expect *h-), perhaps due to the influence of the second -s-. It is alternatively possible to reconstruct *sisu with an irregular labialized reflex in PT (instead of *sɨs-), on analogy with *sub < *sɨb 'water'. One should also keep in mind that Middle Korean has actually two forms (sìs- 'wash' and sɨ́s- 'cleanse, wipe off') that have merged in modern s:it-, so we may in fact be dealing with a confusion of two original roots.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯óti ( ~ *z-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: behind, bottom
Russian meaning: зад, низ
Mongolian: *sido
Tungus-Manchu: *soti
Korean: *stá(h)
Japanese: *sítá
Comments: Martin 248, АПиПЯЯ 296. In Kor. "earth" < "bottom" (cf. the meaning in Jpn.); *stá- reflects a usual reduction < *sV̀tá-(gV).
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ót`e ( ~ *si̯at`u)
Meaning: thigh, hip
Russian meaning: бедро
Turkic: *satan
Korean: *hǝ̀túi(h)
Comments: A Turk.-Kor. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *s[i̯o]ǯe
Meaning: sharp stick
Russian meaning: острая палка
Turkic: *söje-
Mongolian: *seǯi-
Tungus-Manchu: *suǯa-ku
Comments: A Western isogloss. Preservation of labial vowel in Turk. is exceptional: *seje- would be normally expected.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ōje
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to consider, count
Russian meaning: считать, рассчитывать
Turkic: *sā(j)-
Mongolian: *siɣü-
Tungus-Manchu: *sū-
Korean: *hjǝ̄i-
Comments: Exceptional preservation of length in a monosyllabic stem in TM.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ṓjri
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to suck, to lick
Russian meaning: сосать, лизать
Turkic: *sōr-
Mongolian: *soru-
Korean: *hjǝ́, *hàr-hắ-
Japanese: *sìtá
Comments: KW 332, VEWT 429. The Jpn. and Kor. forms (compared in Whitman 1985, 168, 236, and additionally in Vovin 2000 - although his further attempts to link the Kor.-Jap. root to PA *k`i̯ăli should be rejected) seem to fit here phonetically (although there is a tone discrepancy); as for semantics, one should probably reconstruct the original meaning 'suck', whence 'lick' and 'tongue' in the Eastern area. Medial *-j- has to be reconstructed to account for the loss of resonant in Kor.; it had also probably caused a dissimilation in the Western area (*si̯ōjri > *sōjri), which explains the -o-reflex in Turkic.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ṓjru
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: pole, tent made of poles
Russian meaning: жердь, шатер из жердей
Turkic: *sɨ̄ruk / *sūrɨk
Mongolian: *surgaɣag
Tungus-Manchu: *siaraŋ
Korean: *hjǝ
Comments: Medial *-jr- is reconstructed because of the Korean reflex. Some confusion was possible between this root and the synonymous *ši̯ṑri q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ōku ( ~ z-)
Meaning: loop, lace
Russian meaning: петля, ремешок
Mongolian: *segel-dereg
Tungus-Manchu: *siaKu
Japanese: *suki
Comments: The match seems plausible, despite somewhat scanty attestation.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ṓĺe
Meaning: to mock, slander
Russian meaning: насмехаться, клеветать
Turkic: *siāĺ-
Mongolian: *sila-
Tungus-Manchu: *sulu
Korean: *hār-
Japanese: *sǝ́sír- ( ~ *suásír-)
Comments: EAS 109, KW 354.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ōlu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: easy, quick, smart
Russian meaning: легкий, быстрый, ловкий
Mongolian: *sila-magai
Tungus-Manchu: *siali-
Korean: *húrí-
Japanese: *sura-
Comments: ТМС 2, 70 (TM-Mong.). In Korean one must suppose a semantic development 'to be quick, smart' > 'to charm, seduce'.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ṑmi ( ~ z-)
Meaning: to close, bind tight
Russian meaning: закрывать, завязывать
Mongolian: *sima-
Tungus-Manchu: *sōm-
Japanese: *sìmà-r-
Comments: Jpn. *sìmà-r- may reflect both *si̯ṑmi-lV (Mong. *sima-la-) and *si̯ṑmi-rV (Mong. *sima-ra-).
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ṓp`ì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: thorn, thorny bush
Russian meaning: колючка, колючий кустарник
Turkic: *siāpan
Mongolian: *süje
Tungus-Manchu: *sup-
Japanese: *sípína
Comments: A suffixed form *si̯ṓp`ì-nV is reflected in PT *siāpan and PJ *sípína.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯uba ( ~ -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: water
Russian meaning: вода
Turkic: *sɨb
Mongolian: *usu
Comments: Владимирцов 160, АПиПЯЯ 27, 284. A Turk.-Mong. isogloss. Mong. *u-su can be explained as a normal dissimilation < *su-su ( < *sub-su); cf. similar cases in *sisegeji > *isegeji 'felt', *sü(t)-sü > *ü-sü 'milk', *sus- > *us- 'disappear, perish'. The relationship of the Mong. and Turk. forms is strengthened by the presence in Turkic of archaic derivatives *sɨb-sɨ-, *sɨb-sa-.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯uču
Meaning: diarrhoea
Russian meaning: понос
Turkic: *sɨč-
Mongolian: *čiča-ga
Tungus-Manchu: *sosa-
Korean: *čɨ̀čhɨ́i-
Comments: EAS 96, 144, SKE 36-37. Mong. is hardly < Turk., despite Щербак 1997, 145. Mong. and Kor. have an assimilation (*s- > *č-), usual for this type of roots. In Jpn. cf. perhaps OJ susu-pana, MJ sùsú-bànà 'snivel from the nose' (cf. mod. hana-kuso, lit. 'nose faeces').
Proto-Altaic: *si̯udu ( ~ -a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a hoof deformation
Russian meaning: деформация копыта
Turkic: *sɨdɨr-gak
Mongolian: *södürge
Tungus-Manchu: *sudu
Japanese: *sia ( ~ *sai)
Comments: An interesting common Altaic body part name. The final vowel is difficult to reconstruct because of contraction in Jpn.
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