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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *sili ( ~ *z-, -e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: {to choose, inspect}
Russian meaning: выбирать, обследовать
Mongolian: *sil-
Tungus-Manchu: *sil-
Japanese: *sìrà(m)pa-
Comments: In Jap. cf. also sirus- 'to denote, mark', sirusi 'sign' (with high tone); the tonal reconstruction is not clear, because in Jap. the root is actively contaminating with *sìrà(m)pa- 'to tune, play music' and *sír- 'to know'.}
Proto-Altaic: *silV ( ~ z-, -ĺ-)
Meaning: strap, yoke, dewlap
Russian meaning: упряжь, ярмо, подгрудок
Mongolian: *silaŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *sil-
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *sílV ( ~ z-, -ĺ-)
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Russian meaning: вид сосуда
Tungus-Manchu: *silV
Korean: *sìrɨ̀
Comments: A Tung.-Kor. isogloss. The root is poorly attested and rather dubious.
Proto-Altaic: *sìmò
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of bird
Russian meaning: вид птицы
Turkic: *sɨm
Mongolian: *similǯen
Tungus-Manchu: *sim-
Japanese: *sìmài ( ~ -ià)
Comments: It is hard to determine the original meaning of the root - some kind of middle-sized bird, probably with a big beak.
Proto-Altaic: *simo ( ~ -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be silent, whisper
Russian meaning: молчать, шептать
Turkic: *sɨm-
Tungus-Manchu: *sim-
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *símta
Meaning: to meet an obstacle
Russian meaning: натыкаться на препятствие
Turkic: *sɨmta-
Mongolian: *simda-
Japanese: *sámáta-
Comments: Despite EDT 828, the Mong. verb cannot be < Turkic.
Proto-Altaic: *sĭ̀ni ( ~ -e, -o)
Meaning: to suffer, endure
Russian meaning: страдать, терпеть
Mongolian: *sinal-
Tungus-Manchu: *sinŋi-
Japanese: *sìnǝ̀-(m)p-, *sìnuà-(n)k-
Comments: The root is rather difficult to distinguish from *si̯ā́ńi and *saŋe q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *siŋra
Meaning: double bone (of animals)
Russian meaning: двойная кость (животных)
Turkic: *sɨŋɨr-
Mongolian: *siɣira
Tungus-Manchu: *sire-
Comments: EAS 120, Дыбо 313-314, Лексика 287. A Western isogloss, but cf. *sìŋù: the form may be an archaic derivative.
Proto-Altaic: *síŋri
Meaning: sinew
Russian meaning: жила, сухожилие
Turkic: *siŋir
Mongolian: *sinda-su
Tungus-Manchu: *sire-
Korean: *sì'úr
Comments: EAS 120, Мудрак Дисс. 43, Лексика 264.
Proto-Altaic: *sìŋù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: bone; shin bone
Russian meaning: кость; голень
Turkic: *siŋök / *sɨŋok
Mongolian: *siɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *siŋa-
Korean: *sɨ̀in
Japanese: *sùnài
Comments: KW 440, АПиПЯЯ 285, Дыбо 314-315, Мудрак Дисс. 42. Cf. *síŋri.
Proto-Altaic: *sípa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: clay, to smear
Russian meaning: глина, мазать
Turkic: *sɨba-
Mongolian: *siba-
Tungus-Manchu: *siba-
Japanese: *sápá
Comments: KW 352, Poppe 30, 46. Correspondences are quite regular, and there is hardly any need in assuming (despite Poppe 1966, 198, Doerfer MT 123) Tung. < Mong. However, Mong. may be borrowed from Turkic (see Щербак 1997, 148-150), in which case a reconstruction *síba is also possible.
Proto-Altaic: *sipa ( ~ š-, -u, -o)
Meaning: worm, insect
Russian meaning: червь, насекомое
Turkic: *sɨbuĺgan
Mongolian: *sibaǯi
Comments: A Turko-Mongolian isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *sĭ̀pi ( ~ z-, -o)
Meaning: to whisper, cough
Russian meaning: шептать, кашлять
Mongolian: *sibi-
Tungus-Manchu: *sibu-
Japanese: *sìpa-
Comments: Poppe 46. An expressive root, cf. *si̯ū̀bi.
Proto-Altaic: *sìpò ( ~ *z-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of tree
Russian meaning: вид дерева
Mongolian: *sibür
Tungus-Manchu: *sibu-
Korean: *súp(h), *sùphɨ́r
Japanese: *sìpì
Comments: Korean reflects a suffixed form like *sipo-kV. Cf. perhaps Nan. čịGbora 'black birch' (which would change the reconstruction to *š-).
Proto-Altaic: *sipV ( ~ z-, -b-)
Meaning: a k. of small bird
Russian meaning: вид небольшой птицы
Mongolian: *sibawu
Tungus-Manchu: *sibi
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss; a Turkic parallel could be found in Russ. сапсан 'peregrin' (considered to be Turkic [Шипова 278], but the source is actually unknown). Cf. *č`ĭ̀p`[ú].
Proto-Altaic: *sĭ̀p`i ( ~ z-, -p-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to spy; slander
Russian meaning: подсматривать, шпионить; клеветать
Mongolian: *sibsi-
Tungus-Manchu: *sipki-
Japanese: *sìpù-
Comments: A good Mong.-Tung.-Jpn. verbal match.
Proto-Altaic: *sĭra ( ~ -u, -o)
Meaning: to quilt, sew together
Russian meaning: простегивать, сшивать
Turkic: *sɨrɨ-
Mongolian: *siri-
Tungus-Manchu: *sira-
Comments: Tekin 1969, 70. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *sira ( ~ -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hill, high mountain
Russian meaning: холм, высокая гора
Turkic: *sɨrt
Mongolian: *siru- / *siro-
Tungus-Manchu: *sirk-
Comments: Мудрак Дисс. 45-46. A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *sire
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a measure of length or width
Russian meaning: мера длины или ширины
Turkic: *sere
Tungus-Manchu: *siru
Japanese: *sirǝ
Comments: ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Altaic: *sirp`a (~-o,-u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: thick hair, bristle
Russian meaning: толстый волос, щетина
Turkic: *sɨrt
Mongolian: *ser- / *sir-
Tungus-Manchu: *sirpa-kta
Comments: KW 360, Мудрак Дисс. 45, Лексика 268. A Western isogloss. Mong. sirke-, serte- may belong here if they go back to *sirp-ke-, *serp-te- (cf. the TM and Turkic forms). See also notes to *sajri 'stick out, protrude'.
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