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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *ŋā̀li
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hand
Russian meaning: рука
Turkic: *el, -ig
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋāla
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 17, 47, 282; Дыбо 316, Лексика 251-252. A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋā̀ńì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to take smb. with (oneself)
Russian meaning: брать кого-л. с собой
Mongolian: *naji-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋāni-
Korean: *nīń-
Japanese: *ìmuà
Comments: See also Robbeets 2000, 110.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋā̀nsa
Meaning: debt
Russian meaning: долг
Turkic: *asɨg
Tungus-Manchu: *nāŋsa
Japanese: *nàs-
Comments: The TM and Jpn. forms underwent a metathesis (frequent for roots with two nasals): *nāŋsa < *ŋānsa.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋḕlu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fright, be afraid
Russian meaning: страх, бояться
Turkic: *jAl-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋēle-
Korean: *nōr-ra-
Japanese: *ùrà-m-
Comments: Menges 1984, 279-280 (Kor.-TM). Despite Doerfer MT 21, TM cannot be borrowed from Mong. gelme- (which, despite Poppe 25 and АПиПЯЯ 18, is probably unrelated at all).
Proto-Altaic: *ŋḗni
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to go (down, away)
Russian meaning: идти
Turkic: *ēn-
Mongolian: *neɣü-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋene-
Korean: *nàń(ắ-)
Japanese: *ín-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 18, 72, 292, Дыбо 13. Mong. *neɣü- < *ŋeŋü- < *ŋenü-.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋḗnu
Meaning: to attack, tease
Russian meaning: нападать, издеваться
Turkic: *jān(u)-
Mongolian: *naŋ-si-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋen-
Japanese: *una-kas-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 18, 81 (with a different Jpn. form, see under *ā́nta), Дыбо 15.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋḕrá
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: day, sun, light
Russian meaning: день, солнце, свет
Turkic: *jạr-ɨn
Mongolian: *naran
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋēr(i)-
Korean: *nár
Japanese: *àrí-
Comments: ОСНЯ 2, 86, АПиПЯЯ 295. See SKE 159, EAS 75 (Mong.-Kor.); one frequently links Turk. *jāŕ 'spring' (see SKE ibid., KW 272, VEWT 193), but the latter should be separated (see *ni̯ā́ŕ[à]); instead it seems plausible to compare Turk. *jarɨ-n 'tomorrow, morning' - see Лексика 80-81. TM *ŋēr(i)- 'light' is a perfect phonetic and semantic match and should be separated from Mong. gere-l 'light' (especially because the rule *ŋ- > Mong. g- is most probably false) - despite KW 134, Poppe 25, ОСНЯ 1, 228-229, АПиПЯЯ 18, Дыбо 11; on the etymology of the latter see under *gari (despite Poppe 1972, 101, Doerfer MT 21, the TM form of course cannot be borrowed from Mong. gerel).
Proto-Altaic: *ŋĭ̀ndó
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Turkic: *ɨt / *it
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋinda-
Japanese: *ìnú
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 18, 49, 72, 101, 274, Дыбо 9, Лексика 189. {Cf. Mong. ɣudarɣa 'пес, собака (бран.)' ?}.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯àbi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: deceased, funeral
Russian meaning: покойник, похороны
Turkic: *jẹbe-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋiabi
Japanese: *mǝ̀ ( ~ *muà)
Comments: Дыбо 15.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯aji ( ~-e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: lower side
Russian meaning: нижняя сторона
Turkic: *ej-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋia-
Korean: *nằrí-
Comments: See SKE 161 (Kor. nằrí- = TM *ŋia-la-). Vocalism is not quite certain because of contractions.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯àkča
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nose, part of nose
Russian meaning: нос, часть носа
Mongolian: *nagčar-kaji
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋiakso, *ŋiaksi-n
Korean: *nằčh
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 18, 293.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ā̀k`u
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dog, wolf
Russian meaning: песец, собака
Turkic: *eker
Mongolian: *nokaj
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋōKe
Korean: *nǝkori
Comments: Lee 1958, 115, АПиПЯЯ 18; a different analysis see in ОСНЯ 2,35.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ā̀ŋe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fir-tree
Russian meaning: пихта
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋiāŋ-ta
Japanese: *mǝ̀mì (~-ua-)
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 81. A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ŏbu
Meaning: to pour
Russian meaning: лить
Turkic: *ju(b)-
Mongolian: *jeɣü-le-
Tungus-Manchu: *ńiabe-
Korean: *nūb-
Comments: ТМС 1, 352. It is tempting to compare also Evk. ńewte, Evn. ńewte 'spring, well' (*'washing or pouring place') and perhaps also OJ mjiwo 'water-way, seaway' (if mji- is to be analysed as 'water', the -wo part stays completely obscure).
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ṑk`è ( ~ -k-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to rise, elevation
Russian meaning: подниматься, возвышение
Turkic: *jok-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋōKe ~ *ŋēKu
Japanese: *ǝ̀kǝ̀-
Comments: The reconstruction of the diphthong in this root is based on PT *j-: one should suppose an early development *ŋi̯ō- > *jo- in Turkic (which explains the vocalic reflex). Cf. *i̯úgu 'up, above' (which could also influence the Turkic form due to mutual influence of synonymous *jüg- and *jok-).
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ōle
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: red, pink; yellow
Russian meaning: красный, розовый; желтый
Turkic: *Āl
Mongolian: *öle
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋule-
Korean: *nùrɨ́-
Japanese: *mùrà-sákì
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 297. Turk. > Mong. al (KW 6, Щербак 1997, 97). The Jpn. parallel is quite convincing, despite a mismatch in tone (probably distorted in a long compound).
Proto-Altaic: *ŋ[i̯u]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: three, thirty
Russian meaning: три, тридцать
Turkic: *otuŕ
Mongolian: *gu-
Japanese: *mi-
Comments: ? Cf. also Turk. *üč (*öč) 'three' (ЭСТЯ 1, 641-642, Stachowski 254). The match is somewhat problematic, basically because of the absence of the TM cognate, shortness of the root and unclear suffixation. The basic phonological correspondence pointing to PA *ŋ- is, however, observed, and the parallel seems to be worth noting.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ūja
Meaning: smell
Russian meaning: запах, пахнуть
Turkic: *jɨd (?)
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋō-
Korean: *nái
Comments: The Turkic form may belong here if *-d is a result of dissimilation (*jɨd < *jɨj) or a suffix.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋi̯ū̀ŋt`è
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: root
Russian meaning: корень
Mongolian: *ündü-sü
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋǖŋte
Japanese: *mǝ̀tǝ̀
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 18, 39, 92, 291.
Proto-Altaic: *ŋ[i̯V]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: what, who (interrog. pronoun)
Russian meaning: что, кто (вопросит. местоим.)
Turkic: *nē
Mongolian: *jaɣu-n-, *jaɣuma
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋǖ
Korean: *nú-
Japanese: *nV̀
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 18, 55, 81, 104, 278 (with literature). Initial *n- in Jpn. is probably due to assimilation to the following nasal (the most usual form is *na-ni); there also exists an interrogative *i- (in *i-ka 'how', *i-n-ture 'which' etc., reflecting nasalless *ŋi-. Vocalism in this archaic monosyllabic pronoun is not quite clear, evidently because of different suffixation.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,
Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50

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