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Altaic etymology :

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Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Proto-Altaic: *bi̯are
Meaning: to build, construct
Russian meaning: строить
Turkic: *b(i)ar-k
Mongolian: *bari-
Tungus-Manchu: *biri-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ási
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: penthouse, decking
Russian meaning: тент, покрытие
Turkic: *bAs-tɨrma
Tungus-Manchu: *bi(a)sere-
Japanese: *písásí
Comments: The root is similar to *pi̯óso 'stairway, step' (q. v.), but should be strictly distinguished.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ā́ĺča
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: harm, wound
Russian meaning: вред, повреждение, рана
Turkic: *biāĺč
Mongolian: *bilčawu
Tungus-Manchu: *bial-
Japanese: *bánsá-pápí
Comments: Мудрак Дисс. 90, 194.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏ̀ga
Meaning: place
Russian meaning: место
Mongolian: *baɣu-
Tungus-Manchu: *buga
Korean: *pá
Japanese: *bà
Comments: KW 40, Lee 1958, 106, АПиПЯЯ 81, Menges 1984, 282-283, ТМС 1, 101. In PA it is somewhat difficult (but probably necessary) to distinguish between *bi̯òga 'place', *baja 'to be located' and *bi̯ogo 'open place' q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏ̀gi
Meaning: to be cold, freeze
Russian meaning: замерзать, остывать, зябнуть
Mongolian: *beɣe-re-
Tungus-Manchu: *bog(i)- / *begi-
Japanese: *pìja-, *pì
Comments: EAS 91, KW 44, Poppe 60, АПиПЯЯ 69, 106, 280. Despite Doerfer MT 20, TM cannot be borrowed < Mong.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ogo
Meaning: place, open place
Russian meaning: место, открытое место
Mongolian: *buji-
Tungus-Manchu: *biga
Japanese: *pía
Comments: The root is somewhat difficult to distinguish from *baja q. v. (and in Jpn., indeed, the two roots could have merged - with additional mixture with *p`āji 'part' q. v.). Jpn. *pia must be a contraction < *pǝja (*puja).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏ́k`à(rV) ( ~ *p-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dirt, patina
Russian meaning: грязь, налет
Turkic: *bakɨr
Mongolian: *boki(r)
Japanese: *pǝ́kǝ́rí
Comments: Лексика 406. Jpn. *-ǝ- in the first syllable is irregular, due to assimilation or bad compatibility of *a (which would be expected) and *ǝ.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏla
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: end (of a branch etc.)
Russian meaning: конец (ветки, палки и т. п.)
Turkic: *bAldak
Mongolian: *bol- / *bul-
Tungus-Manchu: *bule
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏla
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of bush, spiraea
Russian meaning: вид кустарника, spiraea
Turkic: *bạl-gɨn
Mongolian: *balčirgana, *baldargana
Tungus-Manchu: *boloka
Korean: *pùrò
Japanese: *bàrà(m)pì
Comments: KW 31. Tone correspondence between Korean and Japanese is irregular.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏ́li
Meaning: arm muscles
Russian meaning: мышцы рук
Turkic: *b(i)altɨr
Mongolian: *bul-čiŋ, *bul-čir-
Tungus-Manchu: *bola-n
Korean: *pằrh
Japanese: *píntì
Comments: Дыбо 313, Лексика 284. Martin 247, Whitman 210. The vocalism in Mong. *bul-či- is probably influenced by the descriptive root bul- (bult-, buld-, bült- etc.) 'to be swollen, swell', see *pi̯óla. Note that PT, Mong. and Jpn. reflect a common derivative *bi̯ol-t`i- (*bi̯oli-t`V-).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ólò
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: time, agree upon time
Russian meaning: время, срок
Mongolian: *bolǯu-
Tungus-Manchu: *bila-
Japanese: *bǝ́rì
Comments: Mong. *bolǯu- > Evk. bolǯo etc., see Poppe 1966, 192, Doerfer MT 101; bolǯal 'appointed time' > Chag. bolǯal etc., see ЭСТЯ 2, 188-189, Щербак 1997, 200).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯olo
Meaning: all, completely
Russian meaning: весь, целиком
Turkic: *bile (bula)
Mongolian: *bul-tu
Tungus-Manchu: *bil-
Comments: A Western isogloss; in the front row variant *bile Turkic reveals a secondary delabialization < *büle. {? Cf. PE *ǝluq-na- 'all, whole'}
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ònV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of predator
Russian meaning: вид хищного животного
Turkic: *bAnu
Tungus-Manchu: *bońa
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss. Palatalized *-ń- in TM is a secondary assimilation result. The root must have denoted some wild predator. It is tempting to compare similar forms in Mong. and Jpn., denoting some (mythical?) aquatic predator: PJ *bàni 'crocodile', WMong. (БАМРС) banuqai 'a rare aquatic creature, dwelling in water during daytime and on the shore during nighttime' - but the semantic change seems too far-fetched.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯or[a]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: color, shape
Russian meaning: цвет, форма
Turkic: *bArɨk (??)
Mongolian: *baraɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *borkan
Japanese: *púrí
Comments: The Turkic match is rather weak (see notes above), but otherwise the etymology seems quite credible.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯óro ( ~ -ŕ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: bank, rift
Russian meaning: берег, ущелье, стремнина
Mongolian: *borgija
Tungus-Manchu: *bir[u]-kan
Korean: *pìrǝ́
Comments: Lee 1958, 106 (TM-Kor.).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏ́ŕu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: calf, lamb
Russian meaning: теленок, ягненок
Turkic: *buŕagu
Mongolian: *biraɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *biaru
Korean: *puruk
Japanese: *pítú-nsí
Comments: KW 69, Владимирцов 361, Poppe 21, 81, Новикова 1972, 117. In Jpn. we have to assume a secondary vocalic development in a long word: *pútí-(u)si > *pítú(n)si (the word is most probably a compound with *úsí 'cow' in the second part, cf. the Korean match).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯òsá
Meaning: field, mountain slope
Russian meaning: поле, склон горы
Turkic: *basɨg
Tungus-Manchu: *bosoga
Japanese: *bàsái
Comments: The original meaning may be reconstructed as "vegetation on a mountain slope". All forms reflect a suffixed shape *bi̯òsa-gi (-ga).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŏ́t`è
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to cover
Russian meaning: покрывать
Turkic: *bạt-
Mongolian: *büte-, *büteɣe-
Japanese: *pútá
Comments: The front vowel in Mong. is not quite regular here: *but- would be normally expected.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ṓr[é]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: give; take, collect
Russian meaning: давать; брать, собирать
Turkic: *bēr-
Tungus-Manchu: *bū-
Japanese: *pírí-p-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 282. The root seems quite secure, but reveals a variation of the vocalic reflex in the 2d syllable: *bi̯ṓre ( > Turk., TM), *bi̯ṓri- ( > Jpn.).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯udi
Meaning: a k. of weed, pigweed
Russian meaning: вид сорной травы, амарант
Mongolian: *budurgana
Korean: *pìrăm
Japanese: *pìjú
Comments: Martin 238, Whitman 213. Despite the tone discrepancy, the Kor.-Jpn. parallel is still very convincing.
Total of 2805 records 141 page

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