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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *mi̯oŋe
Meaning: red, blood-red
Russian meaning: красный, кроваво-красный
Mongolian: *min-či- / *men-te- (?)
Tungus-Manchu: *muŋsi
Japanese: *mǝmi ( ~ -ua-)
Comments: Since the Mong. reflex is somewhat dubious, basically a Tung.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ore
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to hurt, damage, wound
Russian meaning: вредить, ранить
Turkic: *bert-
Mongolian: *mer
Tungus-Manchu: *mur-dul-
Japanese: *miar- ( ~ *mair-)
Comments: The Jpn. parallel is not quite certain, both semantically and phonetically; if it really belongs here it might demand a reconstruction *mi̯ojre.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯óre ( ~ -ŕ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to long, show affection
Russian meaning: стремиться, чувствовать влечение
Mongolian: *mereji-
Tungus-Manchu: *mur-
Japanese: *mútú-m-
Comments: One of the common Altaic verbs of emotion.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯óri
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: road, track; to follow
Russian meaning: дорога, след; преследовать
Turkic: *bar-
Mongolian: *mör
Korean: *mōr-
Japanese: *mítí
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 89, 277.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ót`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: joint
Russian meaning: сустав
Mongolian: *möči
Korean: *mằtằi
Comments: A Mong.-Kor. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ot`ì ( ~ -u-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: land
Russian meaning: земля, суша
Korean: *mut
Japanese: *mita ( ~ -u-)
Comments: A Kor.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯údu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dragon
Russian meaning: дракон
Tungus-Manchu: *muduri
Korean: *mìrɨ́
Japanese: *múi ( ~ *mǝ́i)
Comments: Whitman 1985, 61, 239 (Kor.-Jpn.); see also the discussion in Miller 2000. An interesting Eastern isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯úkč`[à]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of hammer
Russian meaning: вид молотка
Tungus-Manchu: *mukča
Korean: *màčhí
Japanese: *mútì
Comments: An Eastern isogloss. Cf. perhaps also Turk. *bɨčkak 'knife' (if re-analysed semantically on analogy with *bɨč- 'cut'). The vowel reflex in Jpn. points to a variant *mi̯ukč`o (or mi̯ukč`u).
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯uktu ( ~ -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: stump, horn foundation
Russian meaning: пень, основание рогов
Mongolian: *mugǯi-
Tungus-Manchu: *mugde-ke
Korean: *mìth
Comments: The old deriving stem is perhaps preserved in Mong. muqur, moɣutur 'blunt, hornless', MMong. muɣular id., Khalkha moxo-, Kalm. muxǝ- 'to make blunt' etc. (whence numerous TM forms, see ТМС 1, 552-553). Some of them (especially suffixless forms or forms with -l-, like Evk. muku- 'to become blunt', Sol. moxō 'blunt', Evn. muk- 'to chop off') may actually be genuine, see Poppe 55. In Mong. cf. also the fronted variant mökü 'blunt' (KW 265).
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯uĺi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: ignorant
Russian meaning: глупый, неумелый
Mongolian: *mulgu-
Tungus-Manchu: *mul-(di-)
Korean: *mòrắ-
Japanese: *misu-
Comments: Jpn. -s- (even in the absence of Turkic forms) points to PA *-ĺ- here.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ùní ( ~ -o-)
Meaning: a k. of skin or cloth
Russian meaning: вид шкуры или одежды
Tungus-Manchu: *mune-
Japanese: *mìnǝ́
Comments: A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss. Cf. perhaps MMong. (HY) minda-sun, WMong. mindasu(n), Khalkha ḿandas 'floss-silk, silk thread'.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯uŋo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: suffering
Russian meaning: мучение
Turkic: *buŋ
Mongolian: *muŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *miŋnī- ( ~ -ü-)
Japanese: *munkua-
Comments: Владимирцов 350, Poppe 71. Mong. may be < Turk. The root seems to be different from *mùne q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯urgu
Meaning: wheat
Russian meaning: пшеница
Tungus-Manchu: *murgi
Korean: *mírh
Japanese: *mùnkí
Comments: Martin 251, АПиПЯЯ 69. An Eastern isogloss; but cf. also Turk. *bogu- ( < *borgu- ?) in *bogu-daj > *bugdaj (ЭСТЯ 2, 232-234, Лексика 461, Chuv. pъʷri 'полба'; borrowed in Mong. buɣudaj, see Щербак 1997, 110, Hung. búza 'wheat', see MNTESz 398; not < Chin., despite Joki 1963, 106, Menges 1984, 285), *boguŕ 'хлеб в зерне', *bogur-sak > Mong. Kh. bōrcog 'вид печенья'. Cf. also Bur. murā 'flour'.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯uŕu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to press, damage
Russian meaning: давить, вредить
Turkic: *buŕ- / *boŕ-
Tungus-Manchu: *muru-
Korean: *mīr-
Comments: See also notes to *bùro.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯usi
Meaning: a k. of flour
Russian meaning: вид муки
Mongolian: *musi
Tungus-Manchu: *musi
Korean: *mìsí
Japanese: *mìsǝ́
Comments: Kor. and Jpn. have a tone mismatch, so borrowing is not excluded; a borrowing in Mong. < Man. or vice versa is also possible (see Rozycki 160, proposing Mong. > Manchu).
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯úsu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bind, strand
Russian meaning: связывать, скручивать
Mongolian: *musgi-
Korean: *mɨsk-
Japanese: *músú(m)p-
Comments: Martin 227. ? Cf. Man. maselaqu 'loops, trap' (ТМС 1, 533).
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯usu ( ~ -a, *mi̯osi)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to smile
Russian meaning: улыбаться
Mongolian: *misije-
Tungus-Manchu: *musim-
Comments: ТМС 1, 561. A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *m[i̯u]ti
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to know, believe
Russian meaning: знать, верить
Turkic: *büt-
Mongolian: *mede-
Tungus-Manchu: *mute-
Korean: *mìt-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 15, 294. See SKE 149, EAS 149. Mong. *mede- is perhaps < *möde- with secondary delabialization.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ū̀jre
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: shoulder
Russian meaning: плечо
Mongolian: *mörü
Tungus-Manchu: *mǖre
Korean: *mǝ̄i-
Japanese: *mǝ̀t-
Comments: Poppe 35, ТМС 1, 538, SKE 145, Колесникова 1972а, 91-92, АПиПЯЯ 291, Дыбо 308, Rozycki 156. The cluster *-jr- accounts for Kor. -i- (but note that in TM it may be perhaps reconstructed directly: a reconstruction *mūjre is also possible).
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ūko
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: snake
Russian meaning: змея
Turkic: *böke
Mongolian: *mogaji
Tungus-Manchu: *mǖkǖ
Korean: *mǝk-
Japanese: *múkátai ( ~ -tia)
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 36, 293, Лексика 180. The Mong.-Tung. match is precise; other reflexes present bigger or lesser problems, possibly of tabooistic nature. PJ has irregular tone (but cf. the accentuation in Kyoto, pointing to *mùká-); in PT one would rather expect a back vowel; the Kor. word is analysed as "ink-snake" (which is probably a folk-etymology).
Total of 2805 records 141 page

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