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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ák`ù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: neck
Russian meaning: шея
Turkic: *bAkan
Tungus-Manchu: *muKa
Korean: *mòk
Japanese: *múk-
Comments: SKE 150, Martin 233.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ak`u
Meaning: fur
Russian meaning: мех
Mongolian: *makalaj
Tungus-Manchu: *muKa
Japanese: *muku
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯àĺà
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to measure, measure
Russian meaning: мерить, мера
Mongolian: *malu
Tungus-Manchu: *miali-
Korean: *már
Japanese: *màsù
Comments: SKE 138, Martin 236, Miller 1976, 350-351, АПиПЯЯ 69. A completely regular match. It is interesting to note Karakh. (EDT 379) bašɣan 'a large fish weighing between 100 and 50 raṭls' (MK), used as a simile for the head-man of a tribe - although the word may, of course, be derived from baš 'head' (as suggested in EDT) - and thus unrelated to the present root.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ali(-k`V)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: bright, to shine
Russian meaning: светлый, светить
Turkic: *bAlk-
Mongolian: *mel-
Tungus-Manchu: *mia(l)-
Korean: *mằrk-
Comments: SKE 139.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯alu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of evergreen tree
Russian meaning: вид вечнозеленого дерева
Turkic: *bAla- (?)
Mongolian: *majila-su
Tungus-Manchu: *molari
Japanese: *murua
Comments: Mong. majila- < *mali-la.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯àrà ( ~ -ŕ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: male, mature
Russian meaning: самец, матерый
Tungus-Manchu: {*mi(a)rē-}
Japanese: *màrà
Comments: A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss. Note also several possible matches in Bur.: morgo 'male bear', murā 'male, mature', mergeser '3 y.-old pig'.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯at`è
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bend
Russian meaning: сгибать
Mongolian: *mata-
Tungus-Manchu: *mita-
Japanese: *mǝtǝr-
Comments: Correspondences are regular, and the etymology seems quite reliable.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯at`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: head skin, face
Russian meaning: кожа на голове, лицо
Turkic: *bĕt
Mongolian: *metü
Tungus-Manchu: *miata
Comments: EAS 79, KW 262, Лексика 207-208. A Western isogloss. The Jpn. cognates present problems. Ozawa 292-293 compares OJ mod(w)ok(j)i 'resembling, similar', which is quite irregular vocalically. It is interesting to note MJ mitai id. (used exactly in the same suffixed position and being phonetically quite a good match for Mong. metü etc., but attested late and usually analysed (folk-etymologically?) as a desiderative form of mi- 'to see'.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ā́k`o
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: frog
Russian meaning: лягушка
Turkic: *b(i)āka
Mongolian: *mekelej, *melekej
Tungus-Manchu: *moKo(lV)-
Korean: *mǝ̀kùrí
Comments: SKE 144, Лексика 180. An unmistakable match is PT *b(i)āka : MKor. mǝ̀kùrí. The Mong. forms may belong here if we assume the archaic nature of the Kalm. form (meklɛ̄), with innovations elsewhere. In TM one has to suppose a secondary shift of meaning: 'toad' > 'small creature' (bat, chipmunk).
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ā́ni
Meaning: to be confused, hesitate
Russian meaning: смущаться, колебаться
Turkic: *bȫn
Mongolian: *men-
Tungus-Manchu: *mian-
Korean: *mɨ̀ńɨ́i-
Comments: Vocalism is not quite certain: in Turk. one has to suppose a secondary labialization: *bȫn < *bēn; in Kor. - vowel assimilation in a long wordform (*mɨ̀ńɨ́i- < *mằńi-), as well as secondary palatalization *-n- > *-ń-.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ā̀sò
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a cutting or grinding tool
Russian meaning: орудие для резания или перетирания
Mongolian: *mese
Tungus-Manchu: *mōsa
Japanese: *màsà-
Comments: Cf. also Orok masāri `axe' (probably < Jpn.).
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯oje
Meaning: to hate, dislike
Russian meaning: ненавидеть, не любить
Mongolian: *mejeɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *mujē-
Korean: *mùi-
Comments: SKE 153, ТМС 1, 551.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ójńi ( ~ -n-)
Meaning: to become overripe, rot
Russian meaning: переспевать, сгнивать
Turkic: *bAńɨl
Tungus-Manchu: *munī-
Korean: *mằi-b-
Japanese: *mínǝ́-r-
Comments: Medial *-j- has to be reconstructed to account for the secondary palatalization in Turkic and for the -i-reflex in Korean.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ŏjo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be mislead, mad
Russian meaning: сбиваться с пути, сходить с ума
Turkic: *boj-
Tungus-Manchu: *mija-
Korean: *mì-čhi-
Japanese: *maju(a)-
Comments: SKE 149.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ók`[ú]
Meaning: to bow
Russian meaning: гнуться, кланяться
Turkic: *bok-
Mongolian: *meküji-
Tungus-Manchu: *miaxu-
Japanese: *mánká-
Comments: ТМС 1, 536. The parallel seems plausible, although in Jpn. one would rather expect -u-.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯óle
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to present, gift
Russian meaning: дарить, подарок
Turkic: *bẹlek
Mongolian: *melǯe-
Tungus-Manchu: *mula-
Korean: *mūr-
Japanese: *mǝ́ráp-, *mǝr-
Comments: The basic meaning of the root is "to present (or obtain) a gift"; a metaphorical change "present a gift > condescend > pity" must have occurred in TM.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯olk`o
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to creep, slide
Russian meaning: ползти, скользить
Mongolian: *mölki-
Tungus-Manchu: *milkü- / *mirkü-
Japanese: *mǝkǝ-jǝp- (~-ua-)
Comments: Poppe 36.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ólo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: full, to fill, thick
Russian meaning: полный, наполнять, толстый
Turkic: *bol
Mongolian: *mel- / *möl-
Tungus-Manchu: *mila-
Korean: *mīr-
Japanese: *mǝ́r-
Comments: Note traces of nasalization in Turkic (should one reconstruct *bonl?). Cf. also *mìlt`e.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯óńde
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hare
Russian meaning: заяц
Turkic: *bAńɨ-
Mongolian: *möndele
Tungus-Manchu: *mundu-kān
Japanese: *mǝ́m-
Comments: The root (containing a rare cluster *-ńd-) must have denoted a small wild animal, most probably a hare. It occurs with various suffixes; a common formation may be Chuv. mulgaś < *bańɨ-l-(kač) = PM *mönde-le < *mi̯óńde-lV.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯óńù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: heart; breast
Russian meaning: сердце; грудь
Tungus-Manchu: *miańam
Korean: *mằńằm
Japanese: *múnà-i
Comments: An Eastern isogloss. See SKE 136, EAS 79, Whitman 1985, 202, 237, АПиПЯЯ 48, 290, Robbeets 2000, 103. The MKor. variant njǝm- in njǝ̀m-thòŋ 'heart' (which Lee 1958, 115 attempts to compare separately with Manchu ńaman), is most probably just a contraction in a compound < *mằńằm-thòŋ. {If the original meaning was 'front, protruding point', cf. perhaps Mong. mondaɣa, monduɣ 'high ground, mountains, peaks', Bur. mundarga 'woodless rocky summit', whence Manchu muŋGa 'hill, burial mound' ?}
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Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50

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