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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *màjŋì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: temple, forehead, ear
Russian meaning: висок, лоб, ухо
Turkic: *bejŋi
Mongolian: *maŋlai
Japanese: *mìmì
Comments: Лексика 195-196.
Proto-Altaic: *májŋV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: go-between
Russian meaning: посредник, сват
Tungus-Manchu: *maŋa
Korean: *mjǝ̀nɨ́rí
Japanese: *mániák-
Comments: An Eastern isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *majV
Meaning: fat
Russian meaning: жир
Turkic: *bań
Mongolian: *majaɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *majā
Comments: A Western isogloss. Turkic has a normal transfer of nasalization to *-j-.
Proto-Altaic: *mak`é
Meaning: to be deceived, perplexed
Russian meaning: быть растерянным, обманутым
Mongolian: *mek(e)-
Tungus-Manchu: *maka-
Korean: *mǝ̀k-
Japanese: *mǝnka-r-
Comments: Cf. *mék`a.
Proto-Altaic: *ma[k`]o
Meaning: to wind, twist, bend
Russian meaning: вить, крутить, гнуть
Mongolian: *makiji-
Tungus-Manchu: *makti-
Korean: *mằi-
Comments: Cf. *múk`e. Loss of *-k`- in Kor. is unclear.
Proto-Altaic: *mála
Meaning: far, rare
Russian meaning: далекий, редкий
Tungus-Manchu: *mali-
Korean: *mǝ̄r-
Japanese: *márá
Comments: Whitman 1985, 128, 192, 238. An Eastern isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *máĺe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wild cat
Russian meaning: дикий кот
Turkic: *bɨńĺ(ɨk)
Mongolian: *malur
Tungus-Manchu: *mala-
Japanese: *músásà(m)pì
Comments: In Jpn. -u- is irregular (*-ǝ- would be expected); this is probably a distortion in a long word. Turkic, as in a number of other cases, preserves here some traces of nasalization.
Proto-Altaic: *male
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: honey, plant oil
Russian meaning: мед, растительное масло
Turkic: *bạl
Mongolian: *milaɣa-
Tungus-Manchu: *mala
Comments: A Western isogloss; but cf. perhaps moro- in Jpn. moro-mi 'undistilled sake, soy sauce', moro-haku 'distilled sake'.
Proto-Altaic: *màli
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: stick, cudgel
Russian meaning: палка, дубина
Turkic: *baltu
Mongolian: *milaɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *mala
Korean: *már
Comments: Cf. also modern Kor. moru 'anvil', moru-čhä 'hammer' (although the vocalism is not quite clear < *maru?). Turk. *baltu 'axe' > Mong. balta (whence Evk. balta etc.), see Doerfer 1, 199, Щербак 1997, 104. Both Iranian and Akkadian origins of Turk. *baltu (see Poppe 1953, Menges 1953) seem improbable and its Altaic origin quite possible.
Proto-Altaic: *màlt`e
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bend, twist
Russian meaning: гнуть, изгибать
Mongolian: *möltür- / *multur-
Tungus-Manchu: *maltu-
Japanese: *mǝ̀ntì-
Comments: A derivative *màlt`e-rV is reflected in PM *möltü-r- / *multu-r- and PJ *mǝ̀ntì-r-.
Proto-Altaic: *mált`u
Meaning: to dig, bury
Russian meaning: копать, хоронить
Turkic: *baĺtar (?)
Mongolian: *malta-
Tungus-Manchu: *malta-
Korean: *mùt-
Japanese: *úntú-m- ( < *múntú-m-)
Comments: Poppe 1966, 196, Doerfer MT 61, Rozycki 155 regard the TM form as borrowed from Mong., which is not excluded (although dubious). The Karakh. word may belong here if its original meaning was 'digging instrument' ( > 'cutting instrument' > 'sickle'), but on the whole it is rather dubious, because of the unique cluster -št- (violating Helimski's rule). The Jpn. form reflects a frequent confusion between *mV- and *V- in front of the following nasal. {AD: from Turkic rather *mal- 'immerse'}
Proto-Altaic: *màlù
Meaning: room
Russian meaning: комната
Tungus-Manchu: *malu
Korean: *maru
Japanese: *mùruà
Comments: An Eastern isogloss. See SKE 139 (Kor.-Tung.), Martin 232 (Jpn.-Kor.).
Proto-Altaic: *mana
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: many, big
Russian meaning: много, большой
Turkic: *bạnɨ- ~ *bonɨ-
Mongolian: *mandu- / *mantu-
Tungus-Manchu: *mani
Korean: *mān(h)-
Japanese: *manai-
Comments: Ozawa 27-28 (Jap-Mong.); МССНЯ 348, Martin 249, АПиПЯЯ 26, 276.
Proto-Altaic: *mána (~-o)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to learn, try
Russian meaning: учиться, стараться
Tungus-Manchu: *man-dū-
Japanese: *máná(m)p-
Comments: A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss. Not quite reliable, since the Jpn. word is usually derived < *mána- 'imitating, similarity' (v. sub *méŋa); but a confusion of two originally different root was possible in Japanese.
Proto-Altaic: *mànč`u ( ~ -i̯a-)
Meaning: swaddling-clothes
Russian meaning: пеленки
Mongolian: *mančuj
Japanese: *mùtù-kí
Comments: A Mong.-Jpn. isogloss. It is interesting to note PT *beĺčük 'cradle' - perhaps < *benčük, under the influence of *bele- 'to swaddle'.
Proto-Altaic: *măndo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of elk
Russian meaning: вид лося
Turkic: *botu
Mongolian: *manǯi
Tungus-Manchu: *manda-ksa
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *mańu(k`V)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of fish
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Turkic: *bańak-
Mongolian: *munig
Tungus-Manchu: *māńgu / *mańma
Korean: *mǝ̀ijùkí
Japanese: *mùná(n)kí
Comments: Cf. also Kalm. manǯǝ(g) zaɣǝsn 'Plötze; Kaulbarsch' (KW 255, 256); WMong. montuwqai, Khalkha montōxoi 'a k. of fish', maj 'herring'. Like in many other fish names, there are phonetic problems, probably due to interdialectal borrowing.
Proto-Altaic: *maŋga (~-o)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: big, strong
Russian meaning: большой, сильный
Tungus-Manchu: *maŋga
Japanese: *manki-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 113, 280. A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss (within Jpn. preserved only in the Ryukyu dialects, where it is the basic word for 'big'). Cf. perhaps Khak., Oyr. maŋ 'success, luck' (if not < OUygh. (Suv.) maŋal < Sanskr. maŋgala). In TM a possible derivative is *maŋ(g)ī 'giant; evil spirit' (ТМС 1, 530) - which brings us to Mong. maŋgus id. (which, despite Doerfer MT 39, can hardly be the source of Tungus words).
Proto-Altaic: *m[a]ŋi
Meaning: cicada, a k. of insect
Russian meaning: цикада, вид насекомого
Turkic: *bAŋɨŕ (~-s)
Tungus-Manchu: *mana-
Korean: *mằijàmí
Japanese: *mìmìnsúkù
Comments: Some irregularities are due to the root semantics.
Proto-Altaic: *maŋi ( ~ *meŋa)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: joy
Russian meaning: радость
Turkic: *beŋi
Mongolian: *maɣa-
Comments: A Turk.-Mong. isogloss.
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