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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ĺábó
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of plant
Russian meaning: вид растения
Turkic: *jaba
Mongolian: *debeɣe
Tungus-Manchu: *labikta / *lebukte
Japanese: *náimpú
Comments: Jpn. has one of the rare cases of the Inlaut -ai- (-ia-) diphthong. Otherwise correspondences are regular, although the precise botanical nature of the plant is not quite clear.
Proto-Altaic: *labV̀ / *lebV̀
Meaning: rope, long hair, rags
Russian meaning: веревка, длинные волосы, лохмотья
Turkic: *job-lač (*jabu-lač)
Mongolian: *lab- / *lob-
Tungus-Manchu: *lab- / *leb-
Korean: *nòh ( < *nVbVh)
Japanese: *nàp-
Comments: Martin 240 (Jpn.-Kor.). An expressive root with some variation of reflexes, but no doubt archaic. In Jpn. the root may have merged with *ĺā̀p`o q. v.: this could be one of the reasons of the the accent discrepancy between Kor. and Jpn. (otherwise explainable as a result of contraction in Korean after the loss of *-b-).
Proto-Altaic: *láčà ( ~ *ĺ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of plant with drooping branches
Russian meaning: вид растения со свисающими ветвями
Tungus-Manchu: *lasa-
Korean: *nǝ̀čhúr
Japanese: *násì
Comments: An Eastern isogloss; cf. perhaps Chuv. śüźe 'willow' (which can go back to PT *jača-).
Proto-Altaic: *làjp`V
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to glue, stick to
Russian meaning: прилипать, приклеивать(ся)
Turkic: *jạp-ɨĺč-
Mongolian: *niɣa-
Tungus-Manchu: *labgān-, *lipa-
Japanese: *nàimpà-r- (~-ia-)
Comments: Владимирцов 209, 369, Poppe 39, 47, 74, ОСНЯ 2, 19, Miller 1986, 203, АПиПЯЯ 75, Мудрак Дисс. 91. Cf. also OJpn. nìbè 'fish glue'; diphthong in Jpn. and vowel variation in Jpn. and TM probably indicates PA *-j-. Doerfer (TMN 4, 49) denies the Turk.-Mong. parallel - in a hardly plausible way.
Proto-Altaic: *lako
Meaning: a k. of foliage tree
Russian meaning: вид лиственного дерева
Turkic: *jöke
Mongolian: *nüger- ( ~ nigür-)
Tungus-Manchu: *laKa-
Comments: A Western isogloss. Turkic vocalism is not quite clear (*jaka would be normally expected).
Proto-Altaic: *làku ( ~ -k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dirt, dregs
Russian meaning: грязь, осадок
Mongolian: *lag
Tungus-Manchu: *lakti- / *legdi-
Japanese: *núká-r-
Comments: Cf. perhaps also Turk. *jak- 'to smear' - usually confused with *jāg 'fat' (see e.g. ЭСТЯ 4, 58), but having a different vowel and consonant.
Proto-Altaic: *lak`[a]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of bird
Russian meaning: вид птицы
Turkic: *jakɨl-
Mongolian: *lag
Tungus-Manchu: *lakun
Korean: *nokočiri
Comments: The root probably denoted a small field bird (grouse or hazel-hen); the meaning `hawk' in the Turkic derivative is obviously < `the one hunting grouses'. The reconstruction of Auslaut presents some problems: the Kor. form presupposes something like *lak`u, in which case we would expect *-x- in TM. One wonders if Kor. nokočiri is not in fact one of Mongolian loanwords (since a hazel-hen, grouse or lark are good prey for a falcon, it may have been borrowed together with other falcon-hunt words); a form like *nugtɨrū (cf. WMong. nuɣturuu) could have been easily borrowed like *nugutiru > nokočiri. If this is the case, the word will be a Western isogloss, with a most plausible reconstruction *laku.
Proto-Altaic: *lak`a ( ~ -k-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of big fish
Russian meaning: вид большой рыбы
Mongolian: *laka
Tungus-Manchu: *laka
Japanese: *nakatai
Comments: See Doerfer MT 91 (regarding Mong. as borrowed < Tung.). Cf. also a variant with *-o-: TM *lokija > Neg. loxon 'верхогляд', Ud. ĺöxö 'терпуг', Man. ĺoxo 'a k. of salmon', Orok loqqo 'камбала', see ТМС 1, 501, 502; Mong. lioqo 'ein weißgestreifter Seefisch' - see Doerfer MT 144 (suggesting Mong. < TM). It may well be that the original shape should be reconstructed as *luk(`)a > Mong. *laka, TM *lok(ij)a, Jpn. *nakatai - with TM *laka being secondarily borrowed from Mong. Note that the Mong. form is also borrowed in Turkic: Turkm. laGGa balɨq, Uzb. laqqa baliq `sheat-fish'.
Proto-Altaic: *làk`ù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bend, hang, hanger
Russian meaning: нагибать, вешать, вешалка
Mongolian: *naki-
Tungus-Manchu: *laxu-
Korean: *náks
Japanese: *nuki
Comments: The original meaning was probably 'hook or (bent) stick for hanging smth.', which can well explain all the available reflexes. It is also possible to reconstruct a derivative *làk`ù-čV 'smth. bent, curved' reflected in MKor. náks ( < *nák-č) and Evk. laku-ča.
Proto-Altaic: *ĺak`V ( ~ -e-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fur clothes
Russian meaning: меховая одежда
Turkic: *jaku
Mongolian: *daku
Tungus-Manchu: *leKu (/ *laKu)
Comments: A Western isogloss. Mong. cannot be < Turk., despite Щербак 1997, 121.
Proto-Altaic: *làlè
Meaning: sticky substance
Russian meaning: клейкое вещество
Turkic: *jilik
Mongolian: *nila-
Tungus-Manchu: *lala
Japanese: *nǝ̀rì
Comments: Лексика 264. A rather usual fronting in Turk.: *jilik < *jɨlɨk.
Proto-Altaic: *lalV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: weak, exasperated
Russian meaning: слабый, измотанный
Turkic: *jalk-
Mongolian: *nal-, *nalk-
Tungus-Manchu: *lali-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *lami
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: convenient, helpful
Russian meaning: удобный, вспомогательный
Turkic: *jAmak
Mongolian: *limbaj
Tungus-Manchu: *nam
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *lằŋi
Meaning: dirt, slime
Russian meaning: грязь, жижа
Mongolian: *laj
Tungus-Manchu: *laŋga
Japanese: *nìnkǝ̀r-
Comments: PTM and PJ reflect a suffixed form *lằŋi-kV.
Proto-Altaic: *láp`ì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: flat, broad
Russian meaning: плоский, широкий
Turkic: *jap-
Mongolian: *labta-
Tungus-Manchu: *lapta-
Korean: *nàp- / *nǝ̀p-
Japanese: *nípá
Comments: SKE 160, Poppe 37, Цинциус 1984, 8. Despite Doerfer MT 97, hardly borrowed in TM < Mong. The root should be distinguished from *li̯àp`[à] 'leaf'.
Proto-Altaic: *laǯV
Meaning: heavy, clumsy
Russian meaning: тяжелый, неуклюжий
Mongolian: *noǯo-
Tungus-Manchu: *laǯu
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss. Attested only in Manchu, and could be a loanword from some Mong. dialect preserving *l-, thus rather uncertain.
Proto-Altaic: *lā̀blè
Meaning: moss, lichen
Russian meaning: мох, лишайник
Mongolian: *lujilV
Tungus-Manchu: *lālbi-kta / *lelu-kte
Japanese: *nǝ̀rì
Comments: The vocalism is somewhat shaky, like in many names of plants (in this case, secondary labialization in Mong. may be due to the medial cluster).
Proto-Altaic: *lā̀k`a ( ~ *ĺ-)
Meaning: a k. of plant with edible root
Russian meaning: вид растения со съедобным корнем
Tungus-Manchu: *lāk-
Korean: *nǝk-
Japanese: *nànkui
Comments: An Eastern isogloss. Cf. perhaps also WMong. naŋgi 'water caltrop, water chestnut' (L 564), although the medial cluster is unclear, or {naɣa, Kh. nag "цветок со стеблем без листьев").
Proto-Altaic: *ĺā̀k`è
Meaning: bad, evil
Russian meaning: дурной, злой
Turkic: *jek
Mongolian: *ǯeke-j ( < *ǯike-j)
Tungus-Manchu: *lāK-
Korean: *nǝk-
Japanese: *nǝkǝ
Comments: Martin 227 (Kor.-Jpn.). Turk. -e- instead of expected -ɨ- is probably due to contamination with *ĺḕgi q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *lā́mo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of bag
Russian meaning: вид мешка
Turkic: *jĀmčɨk
Mongolian: *nambuga
Tungus-Manchu: *lam(b)a
Korean: *nằmằčh
Comments: A derivative *lā́mo-č`V (or even *lā́mo-č`V-k`V) can be reconstructed on the basis of PT *jĀm-čɨk and PK *nằmằčh. There seems to have existed a similar root with a medial cluster *-mb- and meaning a k. of vessel, reflected in Evk. lamban `scoop, ladle' and PJ *nampai, OJ nabe `vessel, pan' (probably borrowed into Kor. nampi id.); a merger with this root may explain occasional -b- in TM and -b- in Mongolian.
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Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50

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