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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *béjo
Meaning: an ungulate animal
Russian meaning: копытное животное
Turkic: *bEje
Mongolian: *baji-ta-su
Tungus-Manchu: *bejū-
Japanese: *bí ( ~ *bǝ́i)
Comments: The root denotes any ungulate in TM; in other languages we observe a specialization of meaning ("mare", "horse", "cow" in Turk.-Mong., "pig" in Jpn.).
Proto-Altaic: *bèka
Meaning: young
Russian meaning: молодой
Mongolian: *baga
Tungus-Manchu: *bekte-
Japanese: *bàkà-
Comments: A Mong.-Jpn. isogloss. See Ozawa 300-301, Miller 1985, 143. On possible Turkic parallels see Лексика 390 (also under *bāku).
Proto-Altaic: *bek`ú
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of fish
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Turkic: *bEkre
Mongolian: *bekir
Tungus-Manchu: *beKe
Korean: *pok
Japanese: *punku
Comments: <Martin 244 (Kor.-Jpn.) Cf. *pák`[о̀]. The Turk. forms are rather late and may be borrowed < Mong. (hardly < Sam. *wekana / *wekV(rV), despite Helimski 1995).
Proto-Altaic: *bèli
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be acquainted, assist, employ
Russian meaning: быть знакомым, помогать, использовать
Turkic: *bil-
Mongolian: *bele-
Tungus-Manchu: *bele-
Korean: *pɨ́rí-
Comments: EAS 106, Poppe 21, 76, Doerfer MT 78. Cf. also Kor. paraǯi 'aid, assistance'. The reason for narrowing *bel- > *bil- in PT is unclear; cf. *bel- in the more archaic *bel-gü 'sign'.
Proto-Altaic: *bĕ̀ló
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: pale
Russian meaning: бледный
Mongolian: *balaj
Tungus-Manchu: *beli
Korean: *pằrk-
Japanese: *pàrá-
Comments: Martin 227 (Kor.-Jpn.). Jpn. has an irregular p-.
Proto-Altaic: *belV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hysterics, panic, mourning
Russian meaning: истерика, паника, траур
Turkic: *bEliŋ
Mongolian: *belbe-
Tungus-Manchu: *beli(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 124 (TM-Turk.). A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *beńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: red clay, dirt
Russian meaning: красная глина, грязь
Turkic: *bAńak
Tungus-Manchu: *beŋ-ge-
Japanese: *pání
Comments: If the Negidal form belongs here, it may reflect, together with PT *bAńak, a common derivative *beńa-kV.
Proto-Altaic: *bĕŕa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: peace
Russian meaning: мир
Turkic: *bAŕ- / *bAr-
Mongolian: *berele-
Tungus-Manchu: *bere
Comments: A Western isogloss. The Mong. word is usually analysed as 'to behave like a daughter-in-law' (see e.g. KW 42, L 99), which may be a folk-etymology (in view of the external evidence).
Proto-Altaic: *bĕ̀ré
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: daughter-in-law
Russian meaning: невестка, младшая свойственница
Mongolian: *beri-
Tungus-Manchu: *bener
Japanese: *bǝ̀tǝ́-
Comments: For TM one has to suppose a resonant metathesis: *bener < *bere-n.
Proto-Altaic: *bétà / *pédà
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sea, ford
Russian meaning: море, брод
Tungus-Manchu: *pedē-
Korean: *pàtá-h, *pàdắr
Japanese: *bátá
Comments: An Eastern isogloss, with a peculiar variation of laryngeal features. Cf. perhaps Mong. bide- (? L 108: bitü-) 'to wander' (for semantics cf. Russ. брод 'ford' - бродить 'wander').
Proto-Altaic: *bēle ( ~ -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: waist, lap
Russian meaning: талия, передняя часть бедер
Turkic: *bẹ̄l(k)
Mongolian: *belkeɣü
Tungus-Manchu: *belge
Comments: Poppe 76, Дыбо 306, Мудрак Дисс. 69, Лексика 269. A Western isogloss. Doerfer (TMN 2, 416) cannot say anything but "kaum dürfte das Wort auf ein "altaisches" *belke zurückgehen". Cf. also WMong. beldüge, Kalm. böldǝgn 'die Weichen' (KW 56).
Proto-Altaic: *bēǯu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: numerous, great
Russian meaning: многочисленный, громадный
Turkic: *bāj, -tak
Mongolian: *buǯa-
Tungus-Manchu: *beǯun
Japanese: *piji(n)ta- ( ~ pui-)
Comments: Note the common derivative *bēǯu-tV (-t`V) reflected in PT *bāj-ta-k and PJ *piji-(n)ta-.
Proto-Altaic: *bĭ̀
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: I, 1st person pronoun
Russian meaning: я, мест. 1-го лица
Turkic: *bẹ-
Mongolian: *bi, *min-; *ba, *man-
Tungus-Manchu: *bi; *bue, *mü-n-
Korean: *úrí
Japanese: *bà-
Comments: EAS 79, Владимирцов 357, ОСНЯ 2, 55-56, 63-66, JOAL 157, АПиПЯЯ 57, 68, 104-105, 276. An alternation *bi / *mi-ne- (sing.) ; *ba / *mi̯u-n- (plur.) should be reconstructed. Korean has undergone an irregular (dialectal) loss of *b- (*úrí < *bú-rí).
Proto-Altaic: *bíju
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be, sit
Russian meaning: быть, сидеть
Mongolian: *büji- ( < *bijü-)
Tungus-Manchu: *bi-
Japanese: *b(u)í-
Comments: EAS 57, Poppe 112, Ozawa 304-307, ОСНЯ 1, 184, Murayama 1962, 109, АПиПЯЯ 68, 111, 280. Cf. perhaps MKor. ì- 'to be' (with loss of *b-, like in *uri 'we')?
Proto-Altaic: *bilč`i
Meaning: to mix, knead
Russian meaning: месить, замешивать
Turkic: *biĺči-
Mongolian: *bilča-
Tungus-Manchu: *bilča-
Korean: *pìč-
Japanese: *písípǝ́
Comments: SKE 202, Miller 1970, 129.
Proto-Altaic: *bĭli
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wrist
Russian meaning: запястье
Turkic: *bilek
Mongolian: *beɣelej
Tungus-Manchu: *bile-n
Comments: A Western isogloss. Mong. beɣelej < *bejelej < *bele-lej. See EAS 109, Колесникова 1972а, 97-98, Дыбо 311, Лексика 250. Doerfer's (MT 240) attempt to refute the TM form by reconstructing *biglēn is quite artificial: forms like Ul. gileptu(n) go back to a quite separate root (see *gilu).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯aga ( ~ -i) ?
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: moon, brilliance
Russian meaning: луна, свет
Tungus-Manchu: *biaga
Comments: An isolated TM form.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯alge
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: throat, to swallow
Russian meaning: глотка, глотать
Mongolian: *balgu-
Tungus-Manchu: *bilga
Comments: KW 31, ОСНЯ 1, 173. A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ắĺmi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: knee, ankle
Russian meaning: колено, бабка
Turkic: *bAĺmak
Mongolian: *belberkej
Tungus-Manchu: *bialebki
Korean: *parmak (~ -ă-)
Japanese: *pínsá
Comments: SKE 186 (Kor.-Turk.); Дыбо 1989a (Mong-TM). For a different treatment see ОСНЯ III 67-69 (cf. *pằlgà below).
Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ălu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dirt, mud
Russian meaning: грязь
Turkic: *bạl-
Mongolian: *bul-
Tungus-Manchu: *bul-
Korean: *piro
Japanese: *pu-
Comments: KW 30, ОСНЯ 1, 185, Martin 247. Jpn. *pu (attested only within a compound) reflects a contraction < *bi̯ăl(u)-gu; Kor. piro < *pjǝro (with a frequent variation *jǝ / i).
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