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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔa-
Meaning: walk, go
Egyptian: ꜣ (Westc) 'walk'
Western Chadic: *ʔa- 'come'
East Chadic: *ʔa- 'go' 1, 'go away' 2, 'go home, return' 3
Notes: Cf. a possible derivative in *ʔay- 'come, run'.
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔab-
Meaning: father
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʔab- 'father'
Berber: *ʔab(b)- 'father'
Egyptian: ꜣb.t 'family' (OK), 'parents' (n)
Western Chadic: *ʔa/ub- 'father'
Central Chadic: *ʔab- 'father'
East Chadic: *ʔab- 'man' (?)
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʔab- 'father'
Saho-Afar: *ʔab- 'father'
Low East Cushitic: *ʔab- 'father'
High East Cushitic: *ʔab- 'father, uncle'
South Cushitic: *ʔab- 'father'
Omotic: Cf. Ong yooba 'person' ('man' SLLE; given as pl. in ST 129), Dizi ʔyab Fl, yab Bla Om 'person', Sheko Nayi yaab id.
Notes: A nursery word.
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔab-
Meaning: stone
Beḍauye (Beja): awe
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʔab- 'mountain'
Low East Cushitic: *ʔeb- 'stone'
Notes: Attested only in Cush. Probably, an archaism from which a widely attested derivative *ʔabun- 'stone, millstone' was formed.
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔab-
Meaning: to fall, descend
East Chadic: *ʔVb- 'to fall'
Saho-Afar: *ʔob- 'descend'
High East Cushitic: *ʔub- 'fall'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔab-
Meaning: (young) goat, kid
Egyptian: *ʔb 'kid'
Western Chadic: *ʔab- 'goat'
Central Chadic: *ʔab- 'he-goat'
Beḍauye (Beja): ʔab 'kid'
Notes: Cf. Tak. 82 (Eg, Beja, Diri), Bl Beja 1 (Beja, Eg., Diri, Chi Mrg). {Related to Afras. *bV(ʔ)bV(ʔ)- 'k. of antelope, wild sheep or goat' ?}
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔab- (?)
Meaning: elephant
Semitic: *ʔabaw-at- 'elephant'
Egyptian: *ʔVb- 'elephant; rhinoceros' (?)
Central Chadic: *ʔa(m)b- 'elephant/hippopotamus'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *biw- 'hippo'
High East Cushitic: *bVwVy- 'hippopotamus'
Notes: Common AA status questionable. Cf. Bl. Eleph., 198, 202; Eg ꜣb.w may be <*rVb- or *lVb- as well
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa)bad-
Meaning: clean
Egyptian: bd (pyr) 'clean (v.)'
Central Chadic: *baʔad- 'clean (v.)' ??
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa-)bakw(-Vr)-
Meaning: (young) camel/horse
Semitic: *ba/ikur(-at)- 'young (she-)camel'
Egyptian: bkꜣ (NE) 'milking cow' (<*bVkVʔ or *bVkVr) (?)
Central Chadic: *bVkwVr- 'horse'
Beḍauye (Beja): *ʔabukVy- 'camel at training age'
South Cushitic: *kubar- 'dikdik antelope' (met.?)
Dahalo (Sanye): kórrob_e 'male lesser kudu' (met.?)
Notes: The Beja term may reflect the original Afras. root, later having taken the -r suffix (of hoofed animals?); another possibility not to be ruled out is the loss of Beja -r in Auslaut and reconstruction of Afras. *(ʔa-)bakur- Cf. HSED, 196, *bakVr- 'young animal': Sem. *bakr- 'young camel' and Berb *bVkVr- 'lamb'. Cf. *birk- 'cow, cattle; calf'. Cf. also Sem *bkr 'to be young, early' and *bakur- 'firstborn' and Eg bkꜣ (Pyr) 'der zweite Tag, das Morgen' (EG I 481), 'the morrow, morning' (Foul 61). The Eg form may be rel. to bkꜣ 'become pregnant' (MK).
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔabaw/y-
Meaning: a k. of plant
Semitic: *ʔabVw- 'reed, papyrus'
Egyptian: wꜣb 'root', cf. ꜣbw 'plant used in medicine' (med)
Central Chadic: *ʔabay 'leaf'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa-)bil-
Meaning: door
Semitic: *ʔabul- 'door, gate'
Western Chadic: *HVbil- 'door'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *bil- 'door' 1, 'hole, window' 2
Low East Cushitic: *balbal- 'door'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔa-bul-
Meaning: male genitals, penis
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʔabal- 'genitals, sexual organ'
Berber: *balul 'penis'
Egyptian: bnn 'beget; become erect' (BD); sign of phallus (late) (<*bVlVl?)
Western Chadic: *ḅwal- 'penis'
Central Chadic: *bwal- ~ *bVlVw- 'penis' 1, 'male genitals' 2
Saho-Afar: *balaʕ- 'testicle; groin'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔabun-
Meaning: stone, millstone
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʔab(V)n- 'stone'
Egyptian: bnw.t (ME) 'stone, millstone'
Western Chadic: *ʔabun(i)- 'millstone'
Central Chadic: *bun- 'millstone' 1, 'stone (? of grinding)' 2
Notes: Status of *ʔa- is not quite clear. Presumably, it is a prefix not preserved in Eg. On the other hand, cf. HS *ʔab- suggesting a segmentation *ʔab-un-
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa-)bVḳ-
Meaning: run away
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʔVbiḳ- 'run away (of slaves)'
Berber: *bVḳVy- 'hurry, hasten'
Egyptian: bḳ 'run' (pyr)
Central Chadic: *ʔabVḳ- 'drive'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *buḳ- 'run away'
Saho-Afar: (?) *buk- 'running away'
Low East Cushitic: *baḳ- 'run away'
High East Cushitic: *baḳ- 'flee'
Omotic: *biḳ- 'run away'
Notes: Probably connected with Sem *bVḳaʕ- 'go away' (Arab bqʕ [-a-]).
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔabVnan- (?)
Meaning: k. of bird (duck?)
Semitic: *ʔabun(n)- 'kind of bird'
Egyptian: ꜣbnn (n) 'kind of bird' (NK) (?)
East Chadic: *bVnan- 'duck'
Notes: Scarce data.
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa-)bVray/w-
Meaning: horse, ass
Semitic: *ʔabbīr- 'stallion; bull'
Egyptian: ỉbr (18) 'steed' (?)
Western Chadic: *buri(ŋ)- 'horse'
Central Chadic: *(ʔi-m-)bury/w- 'ass'
East Chadic: *bu(H)uraw/y- 'horse, ass'
Mogogodo (Yaaku): *bar-t- 'horse'
Omotic: *baray- 'mare'
Notes: Cf. HSED, 229 (ECh: Dng., Mig., Birg.; Om.: Kafa, Moča; further comp. to CCh. and ECh. Mok., with "consonantal alternation *-w- ~ *-y-").
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa-)bVr(Vy/w)-
Meaning: bull
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *(ʔi-)bar- 'ox, bull, calf'
Egyptian: *br(w) 'bull' (?)
Western Chadic: *bar- 'buffalo'
Central Chadic: *bari- 'bull'
East Chadic: *bur- 'bull'
Beḍauye (Beja): bVʔray 'bull, cow' (<Eth?)
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *bir- 'ox' (<Eth.?)
Saho-Afar: *ʔabur- 'bull, ox'
High East Cushitic: *bōr-a 'young bull' (<Eth?)
Omotic: *bor- ~ bariy- 'bull'
Notes: Related to *baʔraw/y- 'k. of antelope'? Cf. LGur. 151; HSED 183, 340, EDE II, 54-55; cf. Brb. Zng. ta-barār-t 'chamelle'. Cf. Sem. *bVʕVr- 'large cattle; camel' (<*bVʕ-Vr-?) - cf. Dah. ḅe:ʕa, pl. ḅe:ajú 'buffalo' EEN 33. Cf. Dolg ND 225a.
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔa-cin-
Meaning: foot, leg
Semitic: *sinʕ- 'pelvis, crotch, curve of thigh' 1, 'wrist, ankle' 2
Western Chadic: *ʔa-cinH- 'foot'
Central Chadic: *ʔa-sin- 'foot'1, 'leg' 2, 'knee' 3
East Chadic: *ʔV-sin- 'foot' 1, 'leg' 2
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *sin-H- 'calf of leg'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔacir-
Meaning: bind, tie
Semitic: *ʔVsir- 'bind, join' 1, 'hobble' 2
Western Chadic: *cir- 'rope, tendon' (cf. *car-ak- 'rope, tendon')
Central Chadic: *ca-car- 'plait, weave' 1, 'tie' 2
East Chadic: *saʔir- 'tie'
High East Cushitic: *ʔusur- 'tie'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔaĉVw-/*ʔaĉVy-
Meaning: illness
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʔaŝVy- 'illness (of head)'
Egyptian: ꜣšy.t (med) 'kind of illness'
East Chadic: *ʔVĉVw- 'fever'
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔačayl-
Meaning: big reptile, snake
Semitic: *ʔat_(h)al(y)- 'a mythical reptile, dragon'
Berber: *Hassil- 'snake, viper'
Dahalo (Sanye): t_áʔala 'puff-adder'
Omotic: *ʔaylašuw- 'crockodile'
Total of 2671 record 134 pages

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