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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *newǝ-
Meaning: to incline, to nod
Old Indian: návate, nāuti `to go', nāvayati `to move from the place, remove' [?]
Old Greek: néu̯ō, aor. nêu̯sai̯, pf. m.-p. -néneu̯mai̯ `nicken, sich neigen, winken'; nêu̯ma n. `Wink', nêu̯si-s f. `Nicken, Neigung', neu̯stázdō `nicken, winken'
Slavic: *po-nūrъ(jь)
Baltic: *neũ-s- (-ja-) vb. tr., *neû-g-ā̂ f. (1?)
Latin: ab-, ad-, con-, in-, re-nuō, -ere, -nūī, -nūtum `nicken, winken, sich neigen'; nūtāre `sich hin und her neigen, schwanken, wanken', nūtus, -ūs `das Sich-Neigen, Wink, Befehl', nūmen n. `Wink, Wille'
Russ. meaning: наклоняться, кивать
References: WP II 323 f (differently in Vasm.)
Proto-IE: *newǝ-
Meaning: to shout
Tokharian: A, B nu- 'cry out, threaten' (PT *nu-) (Adams 339)
Old Indian: návate, nauti, nuvati, ptc. nuta- `to sound, shout, praise'
Slavic: *nɨ̄́tī 'weinen'
Latin: nūntius, -a (OLat -ou-) `verkündend', nūntius, -ī m. Melder; Nachricht'
Celtic: *neul- > nūall n. `Schrei, Lärm', nualcha `clamosus'
Russ. meaning: кричать
References: WP II 323 (differently in Vasm.)
Proto-IE: *newǝdh-
Meaning: to seek, to need
Old Indian: ? OInd nodhás- m. `name of a Rṣi', {ved. nodháḥ 'Begehrde' (nach Wackernagel Kl. Schr. 1: 324) }
Baltic: *nū̂d- vb. intr., *naũd-ī- vb.
Germanic: *niud-a- m., *niud=
Russ. meaning: стремиться, испытывать нужду
References: WP II 326
Proto-IE: *ney
Meaning: part./conj.
Slavic: *nī
Baltic: *ne, *nei
References: Fraenkel 491
Proto-IE: *ney-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to shine, to sparkle
Old Indian: nayanā̆- n. f. `eye', nētra- n. id.
Latin: niteō, -ēre, -uī `glänzen, blinken, strahlen, prangen', nitidus, -a `glänzend, gleissend, wohlgenährt, schmuck'; renīdēre `zurückstrahlen, glänzen, schimmern, lächeln'
Celtic: *neimā, *neim- > MIr niam `Glanz, glänzender Schmuck', niamde `glänzend'; Cymr nwyf `Lebhaftigkeit', nwyfiant `Glanz, Gewalt', nwyfo `lebendig werden'
Russ. meaning: сверкать, сиять
References: WP II 321
Proto-IE: *neyǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: lower; bottom
Old Indian: ní `down', nitarā́m `downwards'; nīpa- `situated low, deep', nīca- `low'
Avestan: nī `nieder(wärts), nitǝma- `der unterste'
Armenian: ni-, n- `nieder'
Old Greek: sup. ep. néi̯ato-, néato-, ark. nḗato-, nē̂to- (Hsch.) `unterster, ässerster', néi̯aira f. `die unterste, unten befindlich'; nei̯óthe(n) `von unten', nei̯óthi `unten'
Slavic: *nīzъ; *nīkъ/*nīcь; *nīknǭtī, *nīkātī/*nīcātī
Germanic: *ni-ɵr=, *ní-ɵa-n=; *ni-(g)w-Vl=
Russ. meaning: нижний, низ
References: WP II 335 f
Proto-IE: *nē, *ne, *ney
Meaning: part. negat.
Hittite: natta 'nicht', nawi 'noch nicht' (Friedrich 149)
Tokharian: A a(n)-, B e(n)- 'negative prefix' (PT *e(n)-) (Adams 83)
Old Indian: na, nā 'not'; ned 'not, not indeed'; a- `un-'
Avestan: na 'nicht'; naē-čiš 'keiner'; nōit 'durchaus nicht'; a-
Other Iranian: OPers na 'nicht'; nay 'durchaus nicht'; a-
Armenian: an-
Old Greek: ne-; a-, an-
Slavic: *ne; *nē-kъto usw.; *nī, *nī-kъto
Baltic: *nē̆, *nei
Germanic: *nē, *ni, *nai; *un-
Latin: ne-fas, ne-sciō, ne-cesse, ne-uter, ne-que; nē 'nicht; dass nicht', nī, OLat nei 'nicht, gar nicht; si non'; qid-nī; in- (ält. en-)
Other Italic: Osk ne 'non, nē'; ni 'ne', nei 'nicht', neip 'neque'; Osk, Umbr an-; Marruc ni 'nē'
Celtic: OIr ne-ch 'aliquis', Cymr nep 'qiuspiam', OIr nō, no, nū, Cymr neu, OBret nou 'oder'; OIr ni, nī, MCymr ny, NCymr ni, Corn ny, Bret ne 'nicht'; OIr in-, ē-, an-, Cymr, Corn, Bret an-
References: WP II 319 f
Proto-IE: *nētr-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: grass-snake, water-snake
Germanic: *nadr-á- m., *nadr-ṓn- f.; *nēdr-ṓ f.
Latin: natrix, gen. -icis m., f. `Wasserschlange'
Celtic: *natrī > OIsl nathir, gen. nathrach `natrix, serpens'; Corn nader `Schlange', OBret pl. natrol-ion `Basilisken', MBret azr `Schlange', NBret aer ds., Cymr neidr, pl. nadroedd `ds.'
Russ. meaning: жаба (уж, водяная змяя)
References: WP II 327 f
Proto-IE: *nēy-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to lead
Hittite: nai-, ne- (II) 'lenken, leiten, richten, schicken' (Friedrich 147-148)
Old Indian: náyati, ptc. nītá- `to lead, guide'; nétar- `leading', netár- m. `leader', netrá- n. `leading, guiding'
Avestan: nayeiti `führt'
Other Iranian: MPers nītan `führen, treiben'
Slavic: ? *nētī `нести' (only SrbCro - see etymology ESSJa q.v.)
Celtic: *neit- > OIr nīath, arch. nēth `Held', ogam. gen. nētas, MIr nē, nae `Held'
Russ. meaning: вести
References: WP II 321
Proto-IE: *nēy-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to sew
Old Indian: nīví, nīvī f. `a piece of cloth wrapped round the waist'
Slavic: *nītъ, *nītь, *nītjā
Baltic: *nī̂t-i- (1) c.
Germanic: *nē-ja- vb., *nē-d-í- c., *nē-ɵl-ō f., *nē-dl-ō f.
Celtic: *nāt= > OIr nāthat `Nadel'; Cymr nodwydd `acus, acicula', OCorn notuid `Nadel', MBret nadoez `Nadel'
Russ. meaning: шить
References: WP II 694 f
Comments: [Seems to be distinct from *snē(y)- 'spin']
Proto-IE: *nēyt-, *nyēt-
Meaning: to be hostile, to attack
Tokharian: A ñātse, B ñyātse 'danger, plague, distress' (Adams 273 < *ni̯ēti̯o-)
Germanic: *nī́ɵ-a- n., m.; *nī́ɵ-ia- vb., *nī́ɵ-ō- vb., *nī́ɵ-an- m.
Celtic: *nīt- > OIr nīth `Kampf, Schlacht, Not'
Russ. meaning: намеревать зло, нападать
References: WP II 336
Proto-IE: *nēyw-, *nyīw-
Meaning: fallow
Old Greek: nei̯ó-s, neó-s; néi̯ǟ, néǟ f. `Brachfeld, Brachland'
Slavic: *njī́vā
Russ. meaning: пашня под паром
References: Frisk
Proto-IE: *nit-
Meaning: own, related
Old Indian: nítya- 'innate, native; continual, eternal'
Germanic: *níɵ-ja- m., *níɵ-jōn- f.
Russ. meaning: свoй, родственный
Proto-IE: *nizd-
Meaning: nest
Old Indian: nīḍá- m. n. `place for settling down, resting-place, abode; bird's nest'
Armenian: nist `Lage, Sitz, Residenz'
Slavic: *gnēzdo
Baltic: *lizd-a- c., *lizd-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *nist-a- n.
Latin: nīdus, -ī m. `Nest'
Celtic: MIr net `Nest'; Cymr nyth `Nest, Wohnung', Corn neid, Bret nez, neiz `ds.'
Russ. meaning: гнездо
References: WP II 483 f
Proto-IE: *nogʷ- ( < *logʷ- with assimilations?)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: naked
Hittite: nekumant- (nikumant-) 'nackt, entkleidet' (Friedrich 150)
Old Indian: nagná- `naked'
Avestan: maɣna- 'nackt'
Other Iranian: WOsset bäɣnäɣ nackt
Old Greek: gümnó- 'naked' (with assimilation *nogʷno- > *gogʷno-); <lümnó->: lümnós = gümnós Hsch. (< *logʷno-)
Slavic: *nāgъ(jь)
Baltic: *nō̂g-a- (2) adj.
Germanic: *nakw-a-, *nakw-ad-a-, *nakw-id-a-, *nakw-n-a- adj.
Latin: nūdus, -a `bloss, nackt; leicht bekleidet'
Celtic: *nogtʷo-: OIr nocht `nackt'; Cymr noeth `nackt'; *logʷ-no- > *lummo- > OIr lomm `bloss, nackt', lommar id., MIr lommraim `schäle'; Cymr llwm `bloss, nackt'
Russ. meaning: голый
References: WP II 339 f, 417 f
Proto-IE: *nogʷh-, *nogʷh-t-
Meaning: night
Hittite: neku- (I) 'es wird Abend, es dämmert', nekut- c. 'Abend' (Friedrich 150)
Tokharian: A nakcu, B nekcīye 'last night, at night' (PT *nekʷcäwye-) (Adams 342)
Old Indian: nákta- (acc. náktam) n., naktā́ (instr. naktayā́) f. `at night'; nak, nákti- f. `night'; aktā́ `night'; aktú- m. `dark tinge, darkness, night; tinge, ray, light'
Old Greek: nǘks, gen. nüktós f. `Nacht'; in Zs. nükti-, nükto-; adv. nǘktōr `nachts'; *acc. nü̆́khă = nǘktōr Hsch., hom. ẹ̄ná-nükho- `neun Nächte hindurch' (adj.), én-nükho-, en-nǘkhio- `nächtlich, in der Nacht', pan-nǘkhio- die ganze Nacht dauernd, nǘkhio- `nächtlich', *loc. au̯to-nükhī́ (~ -éi) 'in derselben Nacht' Arat., A.R.; ? aktī́s, gen. -ī̂n-os f. `Strahl, Licht' (see PIE *Ang-)
Slavic: *notjь
Baltic: *nakt-i- (*nakt=)
Germanic: *naxt- c., *naxt-i- c.
Latin: nox, gen. noctis (OLat nox), alb. nocte, pl. gen. noctium `Nacht'; adv. (*gen.) nox `nachts'; noctū `bei Nacht'
Celtic: OIr innocht `hac nocte'; Cymr peu-noeth `jede Nacht', heno `hac nocte', nos `Nacht', neit-hiwyr, neit-hwyr `last night' (hwyr `Abend'); MCymr trannoeth `am folgendfen Tage', Corn haneth `hac nocte', nos `Nacht', nehues `last night', Bret henoz `hac nocte', noz `Nacht', NBret neizeur `last night', MBret neyzor `last night'
Albanian: natɛ Nacht
Russ. meaning: ночь
References: WP II 337 f
Comments: Cont. with *Ang- 'early'.
Proto-IE: *noib(h)-
Meaning: good, holy
Other Iranian: OPers naiba-, NPers nēw `schön, gut'
Celtic: *noib- > OIr nōib `heilig'
Russ. meaning: хороший, святой
References: WP II 321
Proto-IE: *nōd-
Meaning: knot, net
Germanic: *nōt-ō f.
Latin: nōdus, -ī m. `Knoten, Wulst, Schlinge, Band'
Russ. meaning: плетенка, узел, сеть
References: WP II 328 f
Comments: [Hardly different from *nad-]
Proto-IE: *nōt-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hind part, buttocks
Old Greek: nō̂to-n n. `Rücken'
Latin: natis, -is, pl. natēs, -ium f. `die Hinterbacke, der Hintere'
Russ. meaning: зад, ягодица
References: WP II 340
Proto-IE: *ns-
Meaning: sword
Old Indian: así- m. `sword, cimeter, knife'
Avestan: aŋhū- `Schwert, Messer'
Old Greek: áor, -oros n. `Schwert'
Latin: ēnsis, -is m. `Schwert'
Russ. meaning: меч
References: WH
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-iran,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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