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Indo-European etymology :

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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *nan- / *nen-
Meaning: mother, nurse, oncle, etc.
Old Indian: nanā́ f. `fam. expression for `mother'
Other Iranian: NPers nana `Mutter'
Old Greek: nénno-s m. `(mütterlicher) Oheim; mütterlicher Grossvater'; nánna <nánnan> `brother / sister of father / mother' (Hsch.), nánnǟ `mother's sister' (Hsch.)
Slavic: *nānā, *nenā
Latin: nonnus m., nonna f. `Mönch, Nonne; Kinderwärter(in), Erzieher(in)'
Celtic: Cymr nain `Grossmutter'
Albanian: nanɛ `Mutter, Amme'
Russ. meaning: мать, няня, дядя etc.
References: WH
Proto-IE: *nArǝw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: narrow, a narrow place
Baltic: *nar̂-t-a- c., *nar̃-w-a- c., *nar-w-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *narw-a- adj., *nirw-a- adj.; *narw-ō(n-) f., *narw-an- m.
Russ. meaning: узкий, узкое место
References: WP II 699 f
Proto-IE: *nas-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: nostril
Old Indian: instr. nasā́, loc. nasí, du. nom. nā́sā, gen. nasóḥ `nostril', in du. `nose'; nastaḥ adv. `from or into the nose'; násya- `belonging or being in the nose'; nā́sā, nā́sikā f. `nostril, nose'
Avestan: du. nom. nɔ̄ŋhā 'Nase'
Other Iranian: OPers acc. nāham 'Nase'
Slavic: *nosъ, *nozdrjā
Baltic: *nā̂s-i- (1), -iā̃ (1) f., *nas-r-a- c.
Germanic: *nas-i- c., *nás-u- c., *nás-ō f., *nṓs-ōn- f., *nus-tr-i- c.
Latin: nāris, -is `Nüster, Nasenloch', pl. nārēs, gen. -um/-ium `Nase'; nāsus (OLat nasum), gen. -ī m. `Nase'
Russ. meaning: ноздря
References: WP II 318 F
Proto-IE: *nase-
Meaning: to dwell, to inhabit
Old Indian: ásta- n. `home'
Avestan: asta- n. `Heimat, Wohnort'
Old Greek: nái̯ō, nar. nas(s)ai̯ `wohnen, bewohnen', aor. `zur Wohnung geben, ansiedeln', pass. `sich ansiedeln'; nai̯etáō `wohnen, bewohnen etc.'
Russ. meaning: жить, обитать
References: WP II 334 f
Comments: [Is it different from *nes- ?]
Proto-IE: *nat-/-e-, -d-
Meaning: nettle
Old Greek: adíkǟ f. `Nessel'
Baltic: *nā̂t-r-iā̃ (2), *nā̂t-er-iā̃ (2) f., *nāt-[i]-
Germanic: *nat-ō(n-) f., *nat-il-ōn- f.
Celtic: MIr neneaid `Nessel', Ir neantōg `Nessel'
Russ. meaning: растение (крапива)
References: WP II 328 f
Proto-IE: *nAut-
Meaning: torment, misfortune
Slavic: *nǭtъ/*nūtъ, *nǭtītī/*nūtītī, *nǭtъ/*nūtъ
Baltic: *naut-i-
Germanic: *naud-á- n., *naud-í- c., *naud-ṓ f.
Russ. meaning: мука, беда
References: WP II 324
Proto-IE: *nā- <PIH *nā̆H->
Meaning: to fear
Hittite: nah(h)- (I) 'fürchten, sich fürchten'
Celtic: OIr nār 'schüchtern, bescheiden'
Russ. meaning: бояться
References: Friedrich 146.
Proto-IE: *nāgʷh-
Meaning: sober
Armenian: nawthi `nüchtern'
Old Greek: nǟ́phō, aor. nǟ̂psai̯ `nüchtern sein'
Russ. meaning: трезвый
References: WP II 317
Proto-IE: *nāk-
Meaning: to reach
Baltic: *nā̂k- vb. intr. (1)
Germanic: *núx-a- (náx-a-) vb., *nōg-á- adj., *nōg-á- m., *nōg-iá- vb.
Latin: nanciō, -īre; nancīscor, nactus/nānctus, -ī `erreichen, erlangen, erwischen, antreffen'
Russ. meaning: достигать
References: WP I 128 f
Comments: Cf. *(e)nek'- 'to reach, to come'
Proto-IE: *nā, *nē, *nay, *ne
Meaning: part. (interj.)
Old Indian: nā́nā 'differently, variously'; { na 'gleichsam, wie' }
Avestan: kas-na 'wer denn', čiɵǝ-nā zur Einleitung eiber Frage; yaɵa-nā̆ 'wie, gerade wie', yaɵ-na 'und zwar'
Old Greek: nḗ 'fürwahr', nái̯ 'ds.'; egṓ-nē, tǖ́-nē; thess tó-ne 'tóde'
Slavic: *nā
Baltic: *nā, *nei
Germanic: *na
Latin: nē, nae 'fürwahr', nam 'denn, nämlich', nempe 'denn doch, doch ja, allerdings, natürlich'; enim 'denn, natürlich'; ego-ne, tu-ne, quandō-ne, quīn 'irgendwie', dēnique, sīne; quidne
Other Italic: Osk íním, inim 'et'
References: WP II 336 f
Proto-IE: *nār-
Meaning: wish, striving
Old Greek: nōreî = energeî Hsch., nṓremnos = mégas, polǘs Hsch., but also: = katṓtatos, asthenḗs Hsch.
Baltic: *nā̂r-a- c., *nār-ē̂- vb.
Russ. meaning: желание, стремление
References: Fraenkel 507
Proto-IE: *nāw-
Meaning: (sea) boat, ship
Old Indian: nāu- (nom. nāuḥ) f. `ship, boat, vessel'; nāvyà- `navigable'; nāvājá- m. `boatman, sailor'
Avestan: navāza- 'Schiffer'
Other Iranian: OPers nāviyā 'Flotte'
Armenian: nav `Schiff' (< Iran ?)
Old Greek: ep., ion. nǟ́u̯s, att. nâu̯-s, gen. nǟós, att. neṓs, pl. nǟ̂es, att. néas f. `Schiff'
Germanic: *nṓw-a- m.; *nōw-il-ōn f.; *naw-ast-a- n.
Latin: nāvis, -is f. `Schiff'; nāvigāre `schifen, fahren, segeln'
Celtic: OIr nau, gen. nōē, pl. dat. nōib `Schiff'; Cymr noe `flaches Gefäss, Backtrog'
Russ. meaning: лодка (морская), корабль
References: WP II 315 f
Comments: PSem...
Proto-IE: *nāw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: the deceased, corpse
Tokharian: B on(u)waññe 'immortal', A nwām 'sick' (Adams 114-115), A nut-, B naut- (PT *nut-) 'disappear, be destroyed' (348)
Slavic: *nā́vь, *nā́vьjь (Rus dial. навь, нав (< навь) `мертвец, покойник' орл., калуж. и др., пск. СРНГ 19:191, на́вий `id.' орл., калуж. и др. (Даль), на́вий adj. курск., тул., дон., брян. СРНГ 19:167), *nāvъkā
Baltic: *nā̂w-iā̃ (2) f., -ia-s m.
Germanic: *naw-i- c.
Russ. meaning: труп покойника
References: WP II 316
Proto-IE: *ndho
Meaning: prep./adv.: under
Old Indian: adhá-ḥ adv., prp. 'below, down', ádhara- 'lower, inferior'
Avestan: aδairi prp. 'unter, unterhalb'; aδara- 'der untere'; gath. adǝ̄ 'unten'
Armenian: ǝnd 'unten'
Old Greek: atherízdō 'verachten, verschmähen'
Germanic: *undari, *untarōn
Latin: inferne, infernus, infrā (< *inferā)
References: WP I 323
Proto-IE: *nebh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: mist, cloud; sky
Hittite: nepis- n. 'Himmel' (Friedrich 150)
Old Indian: nábhas- n. `mist, clouds, vapour', nábha- m. `sky, atmosphere'
Avestan: nabah- n.: pl. 'Luftraum, Himmel'
Old Greek: néphos n.; nephélǟ `Wolke, Gewölk'
Slavic: *nebo, gen. -ese
Baltic: *deb-es-i- (*-es-es), *deb-es-ia- c.
Germanic: *nib-ul-ō f., -a- m.
Latin: nebula f. `Dunst, Nebel; Dampf, Rauch; Wolke'
Celtic: OIr nem n. (es-St.) `Himmel', nēl, gen. niuil m. `Wolke, Nebel', Ir neamh `Himmel'; Cymr nef `Himmel', niwl, nifwl `Wolke, Nebel', NCorn nef `Himmel', niul `Wolke, Nebel', Bret nef `Himmel'
Russ. meaning: туман, облако; (облачное) небо
References: WP I 131 f
Proto-IE: *nedh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to tie together
Old Indian: náhyati, ptc. naddhá- `to bind, tie'; *nadh- `bond, tie' in pl. nád-bhyas
Germanic: *nis-t-ia- n., *nas-t-iō(n-) f., *nas-t-il-ō- vb., *nast-il-ō f., *nus-t-ō f.
Celtic: *nadm-, *ndske- > OIr nascim `binde, verpflichte', arnenas `I will bind', naidm `das Binden, Vertrag', fornaidm `Band'
Russ. meaning: связывать
References: WP II 328 f (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *ned-, *nert-, -d-
Meaning: reed
Old Indian: naḍá- m. `a sp. of reed, Arundo Tibialis or Karka'
Other Iranian: NPers nai, dial. nad 'Schilf'; Pashto nāṛa f. 'Stengel', NPers nāl 'Rohrstengel, Röhre'
Armenian: net `Pfeil'
Old Greek: nárthǟk-s, -ǟkos m. N. einer hochwachsenden Doldenpflanze, `Ferula communis, Rutenkraut, hohles Rohr'; náthraks = nártēks Hsch.
Baltic: *nen̂d-r-iā̃ (2) f.
Germanic: *nat-ō(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: растение (тростник)
References: WP II 329
Proto-IE: *negʷh-r-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: kidney
Old Greek: nephrós, pl. nephrói̯, du. nephrṓ m. `Niere(n)'
Germanic: *ni(g)wr-an- n., *ni(g)wr-ian- n., -iōn- f.
Other Italic: Praenest pl. nefrōnēs, Lanuv. pl. nebrundinēs `Nieren, Hoden'
Russ. meaning: почка (анатом.)
References: WP I 133 f
Proto-IE: *neg(ʷ)r-
Meaning: coloured, dark
Armenian: nerk, -oy `Farbe'
Latin: niger, -gra `schwarz'
Russ. meaning: цветной, темный
References: WH
Proto-IE: *neib- ?
Meaning: dark
Baltic: *nib-r-a- adj.
Germanic: *nīp-a- vb., *nip=
Russ. meaning: темный
References: Frenkel 500
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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