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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *galan-; *gala-; *gōlian-; *galma-z; *gildra-, *galdra-
Meaning: shout
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: gōljan wk. `greet'
Old Norse: gala `singen, schreien; Zauberformeln hersagen', Run. Norw g[a]landi `schreiend'; gȫla wk. `vergnügt m., trösten'; gōla wk. `heulen, schreien'; gald-r m. `Zauberlied'; gal-l `hell tönend'
Norwegian: gala vb.; dial. gjöla `schmeicheln, locken'; galder; gallskrika `laut schreien'
Old Swedish: galder sbs.; gall `Schrei, Lärm'
Swedish: gala vb.; dial. galma `schreien'
Danish: gale vb.; gal `verzaubert, gehext'
Old English: galan `singen; incantare, behexen, bezaubern'; gealdor n. `Zauberlied'
Old Frisian: gēla `verfolgrn'
Old Saxon: galan `singen; incantare, behexen, bezaubern'; galm
Middle Dutch: galm; galen `lawai maken'
Dutch: galm m.
Old Franconian: galen `bezweren, betoveren'
Old High German: galan `singen; incantdre, behexen, bezaubern'; guollīh `prahlend', urguol `berühmt'; galm `Schall, Ton, Lärm, Geräusch'; galdar, kalter n. `Zauberlied'
Middle High German: galm st. m. 'schall, ton; lärm, geräusch', gëlm st. m. `schall, laut'
Proto-Germanic: *galgēn, *galgō; *galgiōn
Meaning: stake, cross
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: galga m. (n) `stake, cross'
Old Norse: galgi m. `Galgen'; gelgja `stang, paal'
Norwegian: galge
Swedish: galge
Danish: galge
Old English: galga (gealga), -an m. `gallows, gibbet, cross'
Old Frisian: galga
Old Saxon: galgo `galg, kruis'
Middle Dutch: galghe
Dutch: galg f.
Middle Low German: galge
Old High German: galgo (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: galge wk. m. 'gestell über einem brunnen zum heraufziehen des eimers; galgen; kreuz Christ'
German: Galgen m.
Proto-Germanic: *galla-n, *gallēn, *gallōn
Meaning: gall
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: gall n. `Galle, bitteres Getränk, Gift'
Norwegian: gall
Swedish: galla, galle
Danish: galde
Old English: gealla (ealla), -an m. `Galle'
English: gall
Old Saxon: galla st. f. `Galle'
Dutch: gal f.
Old Franconian: galla f.
Middle Low German: galle
Old High German: galla wk. f. `Galle' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: galle wk. f. 'galle'
German: Galle f.
Proto-Germanic: *galōn, *galēn
Meaning: nightingale
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: nihte-gala, -an m. `nightingale', nihte-gale, -an f. `night-raven; nightingale'
English: nightingale
Old Saxon: nahtigala
Middle Dutch: nachtegāle, -gael m., f.
Dutch: nachtegaal m.
Middle Low German: nahtegāl(e),
Old High German: nahtagala (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: nahtegal(e) st./wk. f. 'nachtigall'
German: Nachtigall f.
Proto-Germanic: *galō(n), *gallēn
Meaning: harm; abscess
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: galli m. `Fehler, Schaden'
Old Swedish: galle `Fehler, Schaden, Schmerz'
Danish: galle `Fehler, Schaden, Schmerz'
Old English: gealla, -an m. `gall, fretted place on the skin'
English: gall
Middle Dutch: gaele `Hautkrankheit'
Dutch: gal f. `gezwel bij paarden'
Middle Low German: gale `huiduitslag', galle `gal, gezwel'
Low German: galle `unfruchtbare Stelle im Acker'
Middle High German: galle wk. f. 'geschwulst über dem knie am hinterbeine des pferdes'
German: { Galle `Geschwulst, Fehler im Gestein, im Acker usw.' }
Proto-Germanic: *galtu-z, *galtēn, *galtiō; *gulti-z, *gultiō
Meaning: boar, sow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: gɔlt-r m. `Barch, verschnittener Eber', galti m. `id.', gült-r f., gülta f. `Sau'
Norwegian: galt, galte; gült, dial. gülta
Swedish: galt; dial. gülta
Danish: galt; dial. gült
Old English: gielte `junge Sau'; gealt-borg `Schwein'
English: gilt
Middle Dutch: ghelte `gesneden zeug'
Dutch: gelte f. gesneden zeug', dial. `zeug, jonge zeug'
Middle Low German: gelte `verschnittenes Mutterschwein'
Old High German: galza, gelza f. `jonge zeug'
Middle High German: galze, gɛlze wk. f. 'verschnittenes schwein'
German: { Gelze }
Proto-Germanic: *gálx=, *galg=́
Meaning: sad
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: gealg-/gealh-, gealh/gealg `sad, angry'
Proto-Germanic: *gammēn etc.
Meaning: hut, dug-out, cattle-shed
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: gammi m. `Lappenhütte, Erdhütte'
Norwegian: gamme `Lappenhütte'
Swedish: dial. gamme `Krippe'
Danish: gamme `Lappenhütte'; dial. gam(me) `Verschlag in einem Viehstall'
German: { schweiz. gämmeli `kleine Scheune od. Hüfte auf den Weriden', pomm. gamm Haufe von Ziegelsteinen, die zum Trocknen aufgesetzt werden' }
Proto-Germanic: *gana-n
Meaning: shout, yawn
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: gan n. `Gähnen, Schrei, Lärm'; gana wk. `gähnen, gaffen, glotzen'
Norwegian: gan n. `Schlund, Rachen'; gana `den Hals ausrecken'
Swedish: gan f. `Schlund, Rachen', gan n. `Kiemen, Kopf und Eingeweide kleiner Fische'; dial. gana `gaffen'
Old English: ganian
Middle Low German: jānen `gähnen'
Proto-Germanic: *gánsi-z; *gans
Meaning: goose
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *gansu-s (> Sp ganso)
Old Norse: gās f.
Norwegian: gɔs
Swedish: gɔs
Danish: gɔs
Old English: gōs, gen. gōse, dat. gēs, pl. gēs f. `goose'
Old Saxon: gōs
Middle Dutch: gans
Dutch: gans
Middle Low German: gās, gōs
Old High German: gans (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: gans st. f. 'gans'
German: Gans f.
Proto-Germanic: *ganta-
Meaning: all, whole
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old High German: ganz (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: ganz 'unverletzt, heil, ges und, vollständig'
German: ganz
Proto-Germanic: *ganVta-z, *gandVra-z
Meaning: a bird
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: ganot (ganet), -es m. `gannet, sea-fowl, water-fowl, fen-duck'; { gandra }
English: gannet `атлантическая олуша'
Old Saxon: gan(d)ra `Gänserich', ganre ds.
Middle Dutch: ghent
Dutch: gander m. `mannetjegans', gent m. `ganzerik'
Middle Low German: gander, ganner; gante
Old High German: ganaʒʒo, ganzo
Middle High German: ganze wk. m. 'gänserich'
Proto-Germanic: *garda-z, *gardiō
Meaning: rod, twig
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: gyrd (gird, gerd) f. `staff, rod, twig; yard, the fourth part of a hide'
English: yard (measure of length)
Old Frisian: jerde `Gerte, Messrute'
Old Saxon: gerdia `Gerte, Rute, Stab, Strahl'
Middle Dutch: gaerde, gheerde `tak, roede', gaerd `prikkel, roede'
Dutch: gard f.
Old Franconian: gerda
Middle Low German: gērde
Old High German: { gartia, gertia }, gerta f. `Rute' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: gart st. m. 'Stachel, Treibstecken', gerte st./wk. f. `Rute, Zweig, Stab; Messrute, Ackermass'
German: Gerte f.
Proto-Germanic: *garda-z, *gardi-z, *girdō; *gurdian- vb., *gurda-z, *gurdila-z, -ō
Meaning: yard
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: gard-s m (i) `house, family'; gɛrda f. (n) `girdle'
Old Norse: garδ-r m. `Zaun, Hof, Garten', gerδ, gjɔrδ f. `Umfriedigung, Einhegung; Gürtel'; { gürδa vb. } { gürδil-l }
Norwegian: gar(d); gjord
Swedish: gɔrd; gjord; gördel
Danish: gɔrd; gjord
Old English: geard, -es m. `inclosure, inclosed place, yard, garden, court, dwelling, home, region, land'; gyrdan; gyrdel
English: yard, girdle, gird
Old Saxon: gard `ingesloten ruimte', pl. `hof, huis'
Middle Dutch: boom-gaert m.; gorden; gordel, gurdel
Dutch: gaard m.; { gorden; gordel }
Middle Low German: gā̆rd; gorde; görden; gördel, gordel
Old High German: gart m. `Garten, Kreis' (9.Jh.); -gart (mittil-gart `orbis', heim-gart `forum'); gurten (9.Jh.); gurtil (8.Jh.), gurtila (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: gurt st. m., gürtel st. m., st./wk. f. 'gürtel'; gürten, gurten wk. 'gürten, umgürten; dem pferde den gurt anlegen'
German: Gürtel m., Gurt m.
Proto-Germanic: *gardēn
Meaning: garden
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: { garda `Hürde, Viehhof' }
Old Frisian: garda `Garten'
Old Saxon: gardo `Garten'
Middle Dutch: gaerde m., f. `tuin'
Dutch: gaard m.
Middle Low German: gārde
Old High German: garto `Garten' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: garte wk. m. 'garten'
German: Garten m.
Proto-Germanic: *garnō, *garnia-n
Meaning: intestines
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: gɔrn f. `Darm', pl. `Eingeweide'
Norwegian: dial. gorn
Old English: micgern (mycgern) n. `fat about the kidney'
Old Saxon: pl. midgarni `arvina'
Old High German: pl. mittigarni, mittilacarni `arvina'
Proto-Germanic: *garstian- vb., *garsti-, *garsta-, *garsta-z
Meaning: evil, angry
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: gersta 'ärgern, böse machen', gerst-r 'bitter, unwillig, mürrisch'
Middle Dutch: garstich, gherstich, gherst adj.
Dutch: garstig
Middle Low German: gharstich, garst adj.
Old High German: gerstī 'Hass, Groll, Garstigkeit' (10.Jh.)
Middle High German: garst, garstic 'ranzig', garst st. m. 'ranziger, stinkender geschmack oder geruch'
Proto-Germanic: *gasti-z
Meaning: stranger, guest
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: gast-s m. (i) `stranger'
Old Norse: gest-r m. `Gast'
Norwegian: gjest; Run asu-gasδiR
Old Swedish: Run sali-gastiR, pl. dat. -gestumR
Swedish: gäst
Old Danish: Run hlewa-gastiR
Danish: gjest
Old English: gäst (gest, gist, giest, gyst), -es, pl. gastas m. `gest; stranger, enemy'
English: [ guest < NG ]
Old Saxon: gast `Fremdling, Gast'
Middle Dutch: gast `vreemdeling, gast'
Dutch: gast m.
Middle Low German: gast
Old High German: gast m. `Fremdling, Gast' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: gast st. m. 'fremder; fremder zur bewirtung, gast; fremder feindlicher krieger, krieger überh.'
German: Gast m.
Proto-Germanic: *ga-swirkan- st.; *(ga-)swirka-n
Meaning: to darken, overshadow; cloud, blackness
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: sweorc n. 'темнота, облако, туман',
Old Saxon: giswerk*
Dutch: zwerk 'туча, облачное небо'
Old High German: giswerk, giswerc st. n. 'Schwärze, Wolke, Verdunkeln, Regenwolke (Gl. nimbus)' (1.Vt. 9.Jh.)
Comments: *gaswerkan st. V. 'dunkeln, verfinstern' in Koebler OHG
Proto-Germanic: *gata-n
Meaning: hole
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: gat n. `Loch, Öffnung'
Norwegian: gat `Loch, Falz'
Old English: geat n. `Tor'
English: gate
Old Frisian: jet n. `Loch, Öffnung'
Old Saxon: gat `Loch'
Middle Low German: gat `Loch; anus'
Low German: kate-gat `Katzenloch'
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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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