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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *xumara-z
Meaning: lobster
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: humar-r m.
Norwegian: hummar
Swedish: hummer
Danish: hummer
Dutch: hommer m.
Middle Low German: hummer
Low German: hummer
German: [ Hummer < LG ]
Proto-Germanic: *xumlō, *xumla-z
Meaning: an insect
IE etymology: IE etymology
Norwegian: dial. humla
Swedish: humla
Danish: humle
Middle English: hummelbē, homelbē, hummel f.
English: humble-beе
Middle Dutch: hommel, hōmel, hummel
Dutch: hommel f.
Middle Low German: hōmele, hōmelte, hummel(e)
Old High German: humbal m. (10.Jh.), humbalo m., humbala f. (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: humbel, hummel st. m. 'hummel'
German: Hummel f.
Proto-Germanic: *xuna(n)gá-n, *xanaga-n, -z
Meaning: honey
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: hunang n. `Hönig'
Norwegian: huning
Swedish: honung, honing
Old Danish: honni(n)g
Old English: hunig, -es n. `honey'
English: honey
Old Saxon: honeg, huneg, hanig m., n.?
Middle Dutch: hōnich, hōninc, huenic
Dutch: honig, honing m.
Old Franconian: honog
Middle Low German: hōnich, honnich
Old High German: honag, hineg (8.Jh.), honig (9.Jh.), honang (Notker)
Middle High German: honec, honic, hönic, hünic (-g-) st. n. 'honig'
German: Honig m.
Proto-Germanic: *xunda-z
Meaning: dog
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hund-s m. (a) `dog'
Old Norse: hund-r m. `Hund'
Norwegian: hund
Swedish: hund
Danish: hund
Old English: hund, -es m. `hound, dog'
English: hound
Old Frisian: hund
Old Saxon: hund
Middle Dutch: hont
Dutch: hond m.
Old Franconian: hund
Middle Low German: hund
Old High German: hunt (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: hunt (-d-) st. m. 'hund, jagdhund'
German: Hund m.
Proto-Germanic: *xúnsla-n
Meaning: sacrifice
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hunsl n. (a) `sacrifice'
Old Norse: hunsl, hūsl n. `Sakrament, Abendmahl'
Old Swedish: hosli (run.) `Opfer'
Old English: hūsel (-ul, hūsl), -es n. `housel, consecrated bread and wine, the Eucharist'
English: housel
Proto-Germanic: *xúnxra-z/*xungrá-z; *xungrián-
Meaning: hunger
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: huhru-s m. (u) `hunger'; *huŋgrjan wk. `to be hungry'
Old Norse: hungr m. (sp. n.) `Hunger'
Norwegian: hunger
Swedish: hunger
Danish: hunger
Old English: hungor, hungur
English: hunger
Old Frisian: hunger
Old Saxon: hungar
Middle Dutch: hongher
Dutch: honger m.
Old Franconian: hunger
Middle Low German: hunger
Old High German: hungar (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: hunger st. m. 'hunger'
German: Hunger m.
Proto-Germanic: *xupi-z, *xupt=; *skuftu-z
Meaning: hip
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *hup-s m. (i) `Hüfte'
Old English: hype, -es m. `hip, haunch, upper part of the thigh'
English: hip
East Frisian: schoft `Vorderschulderblatt einer Kuh, eines Pferdes'
Middle Dutch: hōpe, heupe, huepe m.
Dutch: schoft f., dial. schocht; heup f.
Middle Low German: hüp, hüf, hüft(e) `Hüfte'; schuft m. `Vorderschulderblatt einer Kuh, eines Pferdes'
Old High German: huf f. `Hüfte' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: huf (gen. hüffe, pl. hüffe) st. f. 'hüfte'; { hufte }
German: Hüfte f.
Proto-Germanic: *xuppa-z, *xuppēn, *xuppō(n)
Meaning: hoopoe
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Saxon: wido-hoppa f.
Middle Dutch: wēde-hoppe m.
Dutch: hop
Middle Low German: wēde-hoppe m.
Low German: Hupphupp, Hupup, Wuppwupp
Old High German: witu-hopha, -hoffa f. (9.Jh.), -hopho m. (10.Jh.), -hoph (Hs. 13.Jh.)
Middle High German: wit(e)-, wid-hopf(e) wk. m. 'wiedehopf'
German: Wiedehopf
Proto-Germanic: *xurdí-z, *xúrɵi-z; *xarst=
Meaning: wowven artefact
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hɔrd-s f. `(woven) door'
Old Norse: hurδ f. `Hürde, Türflügel'
Norwegian: hurd
Old English: hyrd `Tür'; hyrdel, (alt) hyrɵil `Flechtwerk'
Middle English: hirde `Tür'
English: hurdle
Old Saxon: hurth `Geflecht'; harst m. `Flechtwerk, Rost', harsta `Rost'
Middle Dutch: horde, hurde `gevlochten mat, horde'
Dutch: hor, horde
Middle Low German: harst `Flechtwerk; Reisig, Gebüsch, Rost'; hōrt `Reisiggeflecht, Hürde, Trockendarre', hōrde, hȫrde `eingefriedetes Landstück'
Old High German: hurt, pl. hurde (9.Jh.) `Flechtwerk aus Reisern'
Middle High German: horde st. f. 'flechtwerk; umhegung, bezirk'; hurt st. f. 'flechtwerk von reisern, hürde' { hurde, gen. hürde `Flechtwerk aus Reisern', hürde `als Scheiterhaufen dienendes Flechtwerk'; MG horde `Flechtwerk, Umhegung, Bezirk' }
German: Hürde f., { Horde f. < M/LG }
Proto-Germanic: *xurja-n, -z
Meaning: coals, sparks
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hɔri n. (ja) `coals'
Old Norse: hür-r m. `Feuer'
Norwegian: hür `Fünkchen'
Swedish: dial. hür `glühende Asche'
Old English: ? here `kleiner Ofen'
Proto-Germanic: *xurna-n, -z
Meaning: horn
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hɔrn n. (a) `horn; fruit of the cerob tree'
Old Norse: horn n. `Horn; Winkel, Ecke'; Run horna
Norwegian: horn
Swedish: horn
Danish: horn
Old English: horn, -es m. `horn, drinking-horn, cupping-horn, trumpet, horn-shaped projection on the gable-end of a house'
English: horn
Old Frisian: horn m.
Old Saxon: horn n.
Middle Dutch: hoorn, hōren, horn
Dutch: hoorn, horen m.
Middle Low German: hōr(e)n
Old High German: horn n. (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: horn st. n. 'horn'
German: Horn m.
Proto-Germanic: *xurnVnga-z
Meaning: Bastard
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: bastard
Old Norse: hornung-r m. `Kebssohn'
Old English: hornung-sunu `bastard'
Old Frisian: horning `spurius, nothus'
Middle Dutch: hornink `Bastard'
Middle Low German: hornink `Bastard'
Proto-Germanic: *xurska-, *xurzṓn- vb., *xurskan-/*xruskan- vb.
Meaning: clever, quick
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *and-hruskan st.? `question'
Old Norse: horsk-r `klug; schnell, tapfer'
Old English: horsc `klug'
Old Saxon: horsk `scharf, schnell'
Old High German: horsk `scharf, schnell'; hurscan `üben, beschleunigen', hursgen wk. `hasten, spur on'
Middle High German: hurren wk. `sich schnell bewegen'
Proto-Germanic: *xúrsla-z; *xurznVt-, *xarznVt-, *xarzlVt-
Meaning: an insect
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: hyrnet, hyrnetu, -e f. `hornet; gad-fly'
English: hornet
Old Saxon: hornut
Middle Dutch: horsel(e), huersel(e), hursel(e); hornet, hornette, hornt(e)
Dutch: horzel f.
Middle Low German: hornte, horntse, hornente
Old High German: hornaʒ (8. Jh.), hornuʒ, horniʒ (9. Jh.)
Middle High German: hornuʒ, horniʒ, harniʒ, harliʒ st. m. 'hornisse'
German: Hornisse
Proto-Germanic: *xúrxa-z
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: { hurr `Magerkeit' ? - есть только hurr `Lärm', hurra `knurren' }
Proto-Germanic: *xúrxa-z
Meaning: exhaustion
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: hor-r m. `Abmagerung'
Proto-Germanic: *xutōn- vb., *xūsk=, *xusp=, *ga-xiut=, *ga-xūt=, *xiutian-/*xūtian- vb.
Meaning: shout
IE etymology: IE etymology
Norwegian: dial. huta `schreien, lärmen, einen Hund drohend zum Schweigen oder Sitzen bringen, verächtlich behandeln', huta ut `unter drohendem Zuruf und lärmend austreiben'
Old Swedish: Outn huta `herbeirufen'
Swedish: huta ɔt `hart anfahren'
Old English: hūsc `Schmähung, Spott, Hohn'; hosp `Schande, Schmach, Beleidigung', hyspan `spotten'
Old Saxon: hosc `Schmähung, Spott, Hohn'
Old High German: hosc `Schmähung, Spott, Hohn'
Middle High German: hosche st. m. 'spott'; gehiuze st. n. { gehūʒe } `Lärm, Geschrei (zur Verfolgung); Hohn', hiuzen, hūzen wk. `zur Verfolgung rufen'
Proto-Germanic: *xūbō(n)
Meaning: head-dress
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: hūfa f. `Kappe, Mütze; Gewölbe'
Norwegian: huva
Swedish: huva
Danish: hue
Old English: hūfe, -an f. `covering for the head'
Old Frisian: hūve
Old Saxon: hūva
Middle Dutch: hūve `hoofddeksel; bekleedel van een voorwerp'
Dutch: huif f.
Middle Low German: hūve
Old High German: hūba (10.Jh.)
Middle High German: hūbe, hoube wk. f. 'haube, mütze als kopfbedeckung für männer und weiber; helm, p ickel-, sturmhaubel kopfbedeckung der ritter iunter dem helme zum minderung de s druckrees; kopfhülle eines zur beize abgerichteten falken; haubenartigesr f ederbusch der vögel'
German: Haube f.
Proto-Germanic: *xūdian-
Meaning: hide, conceal
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: hǖdan `verbergen'
English: hide
Old Frisian: hūda `behoeden'
Dutch: hūden `wegbergen, begraven'
Middle Low German: hūden `wegbergen, sorgen voor'
Proto-Germanic: *xūdí-z; *xudjōn; *skaud=
Meaning: skin, cover
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: acc. skauda-raip `thong'
Old Norse: hūδ f. `Haut des Grossviehs'; skauδ f. `Schwertscheide', pl. -ir `Vorhaut beim Pferd; Memme, Fegling'; skjōδa f. `Sack'
Norwegian: hud; skau(d) `Vorhaut beim Pferd'
Old Swedish: OGutn skiauɵa
Swedish: hud; finnl. sköda `abgenutzter Schuh'
Danish: hud
Old English: hǖd
English: hide
Old Frisian: hēd
Old Saxon: hūd
Middle Dutch: huutd
Dutch: huid f.
Middle Low German: schōde n. `vagina (van paard)', f. `schil, peul'
Old High German: hūt (9.Jh.) `Haut'; hutta `Schuppen, Laube, kleines Haus'
Middle High German: hūt, hout st. f. 'Haut, Fell'; hütte wk./st. f. 'kleines Haus, Zalt, Verkaufsbude'; schōte wk. f. 'Samenhülse, Erbse'
German: Haut f.; Hütte f.; Schote f.
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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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