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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kul-uŋ-
Meaning : to shake
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuluŋku (kuluŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to be shaken, agitated, tremble, shudder, quake with fear
Tamil derivates : kulukku (kulukki-) to shake up and down (tr.), agitate, shake together in a mass, mix by shaking together; walk with affected gestures, put on airs; n. shake, jolt, affected gestures, foppish airs; kulukki gay, dressy, mincing woman; kulai (-v-, -nt-) to tremble, shudder, shake, be deranged, upset, thrown into confusion, be dishevelled, become loose, be destroyed, lose one's heart, become softened; (-pp-, -tt-) to shake, agitate, disturb, disorganize, scatter, untie, loosen, destroy; kulai-kulai- to tremble, be agitated greatly; kulaiccal destruction, ruin; kulaippan_, kulaippu shivering fits
Malayalam : kuluŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to shake, quake, be agitated
Malayalam derivates : kulukkuka to shake, agitate; kulukkam a shock; kulukku a shaking; kulayuka to jolt, shake, be agitated (as a branch under a monkey); kulavu hesitation; kulekka to shake (tr.)
Kannada : kuluku, kulaku, kuliku
Kannada meaning : to shake (tr., as a bottle, as the body in dramatic action or in putting on foppish airs, as the voice in singing)
Kannada derivates : kuluku, kulku, kukku shaking, a shake, jolting, trotting; kulukugāti a woman of affected gestures, lewd woman; kulikisu, kulakisu, kulukisu to cause to shake by another, shake, agitate; (Hav.) kurksu to shake
Kodagu : kulɨŋg- (kulɨŋgi-)
Kodagu meaning : to shake (intr.)
Kodagu derivates : kulɨk- (kulɨki-) to shake (tr.)
Tulu : kurkuni
Tulu meaning : to shake (intr., as a tree)
Tulu derivates : kurkāvuni to shake (tr.), agitate
Proto-Nilgiri : *kul-ǝg-
Number in DED : 1806
Proto-South Dravidian : *kum-
Meaning : to pound
Tamil : kummu (kummi-)
Tamil meaning : to pound in a mortar gently, knead, (also kumukku [kumukki-]) to beat with fists, pommel, wash cloth by wetting and gently pressing it with hands
Tamil derivates : kumi (-pp-, -tt-) to overpound (as rice); kumai (-pp-, -tt-) to beat or pound in a mortar; n. blow, stroke
Malayalam : kummu
Malayalam meaning : to beat in a mortar or gently
Malayalam derivates : kuma bruising, beating; kumekka to beat, bruise
Kannada : kummu
Kannada meaning : to beat with a pestle, pound; n. pounding, a beat with a pestle
Kannada derivates : kummasu, kummisu to cause to pound; gummu to cuff, box, strike
Kodagu : kumm- (kummi-)
Kodagu meaning : to churn
Tulu : kūmpuni
Tulu meaning : to peck, strike with the beak
Tulu derivates : gummuni to blow, cuff; gumuṭu fighting, cuffing; gumusu a stroke, cuff, box; gumusuni to box, strike; (B-K) kumpu to pierce
Proto-Nilgiri : *kum-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kumpu to box
Number in DED : 1850
Proto-South Dravidian : *kumar-
Meaning : ground cleared for cultivation
Tamil : kumari
Tamil meaning : cultivation in hills
Kannada : kumari, (PBh.) kummari
Kannada meaning : a piece of ground in a jungle, on which the trees are cut down and burned, whereafter it is cultivated for one or two years only
Kannada derivates : kummēri (Hav.) forest cultivation
Tulu : kumē̆rụ
Tulu meaning : a waste land cleared for cultivation
Number in DED : 1740
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kum(b)-
Meaning : mud, stench
Tamil : kumpi
Tamil meaning : mud, mire, or slough emitting stinking smell
Tulu : gumma
Tulu meaning : stench, stinking
Proto-Nilgiri : *Kub
Number in DED : 1748
Proto-South Dravidian : *kumb-
Meaning : to bend, bow, join hands
Tamil : kump-iṭu (iṭuv-, iṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to join hands in worship, make obeisance with the hands joined and raised, beg, entreat; n. worship
Malayalam : kump-iṭuka, kumm-iṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to bow down, prostrate oneself, worship
Kannada : kumbu
Kannada meaning : bending, bowing down, obeisance
Kannada derivates : kumbiḍu to bow down, do obeisance
Proto-Nilgiri : *kub-iḍ-
Number in DED : 1750
Proto-South Dravidian : *kumb-/*kUm-
Meaning : hot, charred; smell of ashes
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kumpu (kumpi-)
Tamil meaning : to become charred (as food when boiled with insufficient water)
Tamil derivates : kumpal smell of charred rice; kumpi hot ashes; kumur_u (kumur_i-) to burst with distress; kumai (-v-, -nt-) to be hot, sultry
Malayalam : kumpi, kumpiri
Malayalam meaning : mirage
Malayalam derivates : kumpal inward heat; kummu expr. descriptive of heat; kummal sultriness, mustiness; kumur_uka, kumir_uka to be hot, close; kumur_al oppressive heat; ? kukkuka to be hot; ? kuppu heat
Kannada : kome
Kannada meaning : to begin to burn, as fire or anger
Tulu : kumbi
Tulu meaning : mirage
Tulu derivates : gumulu fire burning in embers; gumuluni to be hot, feel hot as in a fit of fever
Number in DED : 1752
Proto-South Dravidian : *kumiẓ
Meaning : teak tree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kumiẓ
Tamil meaning : coomb teak, small cashmere tree
Tamil derivates : kūmpal coomb teak, Gmelina arborea
Malayalam : kumiẓ, kumpiḷ
Malayalam meaning : Gmelina asiatica
Kannada : kumuḷe, kumbuḍi, kūḷe
Kannada meaning : (Lush.) Gmelina arborea
Kodagu : kummi, kumbɨḷi
Kodagu meaning : Gmelina arborea
Number in DED : 1742
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuń-
Meaning : small, young
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuñci
Tamil meaning : anything small; young bird, chicken
Tamil derivates : kuñcu young of birds and various animals
Malayalam : kuññu, kuñci
Malayalam meaning : young, small, infant
Malayalam derivates : kuññan boy; also endearingly of girls; kuññi = kuññu, kuññan; girl
Kannada : kunni
Kannada meaning : young of an animal, esp. a young dog
Kannada derivates : gunna smallness; (Hav.) kuññi a young one
Kodagu : kuññi
Kodagu meaning : child
Kodagu derivates : māŋuññi n. pr. bull in mythology (see DEDR 4780); (Shanmugam) kuññappë uncle, father's younger brother; kuññavvë aunt, father's younger sister
Tulu : kundu
Tulu meaning : a child of Pariahs
Tulu derivates : (B-K) kuññi, kuṇṇi small
Proto-Nilgiri : *kunǯ
Number in DED : 1646
Proto-South Dravidian : *ku(n)c-
Meaning : cluster, tassel
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuccu
Tamil meaning : cluster, tuft, tassel, weaver's long brush
Tamil derivates : koccu tassel; kuñcam bunch of flowers, tassel, cluster of grass, bushy tail of the yak, weaver's brush; kuñci tuft of hair (esp. of man), crest of peacock, tassels (as insignia of royalty), membrum virile; kuñcu membrum virile
Malayalam : kuccu, kuñcam, kuñci
Malayalam meaning : tassel, brush (esp. of toddy-drawers)
Malayalam derivates : kucci penis; koñcu mane of animals
Kannada : kuccu, koccu
Kannada meaning : bunch, bundle, cluster, tassel, brush
Kannada derivates : kuñca id., a kind of fan or chowry; goñcal cluster, bunch; goñci a mass; goñce mass, cluster; ? kuṇṇe genitals (quoted by Katre 1968.95)
Tulu : kucci, goñju
Tulu meaning : tassel
Tulu derivates : kuñca id., flybrush; kuñña genitals; goñci, goñcilụ bunch, cluster
Proto-Nilgiri : *kus-ĭ
Number in DED : 1639
Proto-South Dravidian : *kunḍ-
Meaning : buttocks
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuṇṭi
Tamil meaning : buttocks, rump; bottom (as of a vessel), end of a fruit or nut opposite to the stalk
Malayalam : kuṇṭi
Malayalam meaning : posteriors, anus; bottom of a vessel
Kannada : kuṇḍe
Kannada meaning : buttocks, anus; bottom of a vessel
Number in DED : 1693
Proto-South Dravidian : *kund-
Meaning : pillar
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kunda
Kannada meaning : a pillar of bricks, etc.
Tulu : kunda
Tulu meaning : pillar, post
Number in DED : 1723
Proto-South Dravidian : *kundaṇ-
Meaning : pure gold
Tamil : kuntan_am
Tamil meaning : interspace for setting gems in a jewel; fine gold (< Te.)
Kannada : kundaṇa
Kannada meaning : setting a precious stone in fine gold; fine gold
Kannada derivates : kundana fine gold
Tulu : kundaṇa
Tulu meaning : pure gold
Number in DED : 1725
Proto-South Dravidian : *kun-i-
Meaning : to dance
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kun_i (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to dance
Tamil derivates : kun_ippu dance
Malayalam : kunikka
Malayalam meaning : to dance, jump
Kannada : kuṇi
Kannada meaning : to move in a hopping, skipping, or jumping manner, dance; n. dancing
Kannada derivates : kuṇiyuvike, kuṇiha dancing; (K2) koṇaku to jump, leap; n. a leap, jump; (Hav.) kon_i to dance; koṇippe dancing child (small girl)
Proto-Nilgiri : *koṇ-ĭ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) koṇi to dance
Number in DED : 1863
Proto-South Dravidian : *kun-i
Meaning : bee
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : koṇi, koṇḍi
Tulu meaning : (?) a sting
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuṇ-ĭ
Miscellaneous : IRU kunni bee; PALKU kunni bee
Number in DED : 1867
Proto-South Dravidian : *kunr_-
Meaning : mountain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kun_r_am, kun_r_u
Tamil meaning : hill, mountain
Tamil derivates : kun_r_uvar mountaineers
Malayalam : kunnam
Malayalam meaning : mountain
Malayalam derivates : kunnu hill, mountain; conical heap, hill-fort; kunnan mountaineer; kunnikka to pile up, heap up; kur_u hill
Kannada : koṇḍa
Kannada meaning : hill, mountain (< Te.)
Kodagu : kundɨ
Kodagu meaning : mountain
Proto-Nilgiri : *kud_-
Number in DED : 1864
Proto-South Dravidian : *kunr_- (?)
Meaning : crab's eye
Tamil : kun_r_i
Tamil meaning : crab's eye, Abrus precatorius
Malayalam : kunni
Malayalam meaning : crab's eye, Abrus precatorius
Kannada : kunni, kunne, guru-guñji, guru-guñje, guru-gañji
Kannada meaning : crab's eye, Abrus precatorius
Kannada derivates : nasu-gunni Carpopogon pruriens Roxb. = Mucuna pruriens DC. [a near relative of Abrus precatorius]
Tulu : gurguñji, gurgoñji
Tulu meaning : seed of Abrus precatorius
Number in DED : 1865
Proto-South Dravidian : *kunt-
Meaning : to sit, squat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuntu (kunti-)
Tamil meaning : to sit on the heels with legs folded upright, squat; n. sitting on the heels, squatting
Malayalam : kuttuka
Malayalam meaning : to squat, sit on one's heels
Kannada : kuntu, kūtu
Kannada meaning : having sat down
Tulu : kutoṇu
Tulu meaning : (B-K) to sit
Number in DED : 1728
Proto-South Dravidian : *kunṭ-
Meaning : lame, cripple
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kuṇṭan
Malayalam meaning : cripple
Kannada : kuṇṭu, kūṇṭu
Kannada meaning : to limp, halt, hop; n. lameness, hopping, a hop
Kannada derivates : kuṇṭisu to cause to hop, etc.; kuṇṭa lame man; fem. kuṇṭi; kuṇṭaṇike hopping; kuṇṭitana lameness
Kodagu : kuṇṭ- (kuṇṭi-)
Kodagu meaning : to be lame, limp
Kodagu derivates : kuṇṭɨ lameness; kuṇṭë lame man; fem. kuṇṭi
Tulu : kuṇṭuni, kuṇṭāvuni, kōṇṭuni, kōṇṭāvuni
Tulu meaning : to halt, limp
Tulu derivates : kuṇṭa lame, crippled; kōṇṭaŋgelụ hobbling, lame
Proto-Nilgiri : *kunṭ-
Number in DED : 1688
Proto-South Dravidian : *kup-
Meaning : heap
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuppam
Tamil meaning : multitude, heap
Tamil derivates : kuppal heap, as of manure, mound, multitude; kuppai heap, mound, sweepings, rubbish, excrement, dung
Malayalam : kuppa
Malayalam meaning : heap of dirt or refuse
Kannada : kuppe, guppe
Kannada meaning : heap, pile, dunghill
Kannada derivates : kuppaḷisu to heap, amass; kuppu to heap up; koppal heap
Kodagu : kuppɨ
Kodagu meaning : a dropping of dung
Tulu : kuppè, guppè, kippè, kompa, kompè
Tulu meaning : heap
Proto-Nilgiri : *kip (??)
Number in DED : 1731
Proto-South Dravidian : *kup-
Meaning : village
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuppam
Tamil meaning : village, small village of fishermen and other low-caste people
Tamil derivates : kumpai settlement (esp. of Pañcamas)
Kannada : koppa, koppal
Kannada meaning : small village
Kannada derivates : koppaḷa n. of villages; kompe small village or hamlet; (Badaga, Hock.) kombe Kurumba village
Tulu : koppa
Tulu meaning : hut of the lowest grade of pariahs called Mārimanšerụ
Number in DED : 1732
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