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Preclassic Old Chinese: "ia" | Query method: Match substring
Total of 57 records 3 pages

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\data\china\bigchina
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yě
Preclassic Old Chinese: lhia
Classic Old Chinese: lhiáj
Western Han Chinese: lhiáj
Eastern Han Chinese: zhä́
Early Postclassic Chinese: zhá
Middle Postclassic Chinese: zhá
Late Postclassic Chinese: zhá
Middle Chinese: já
English meaning : postposed particle, marking a pause as well as stating an objective fact.
Russian meaning[s]: 1) тоже, также; 2) союз, связывает сказуемые с одинаковой глагольной частью, часто удваивается и; и... и...; 3) и то; 4) и в этом случае, все же, все равно; 5) ставится после наречий, указывая на оттенки решимости, твердости или колебания говорящего; 6) в вэньяне оформляет обособленный член предложения (или целое словосочетание); 7) в вэньяне модальная частица, оформляет предложения, подчеркивая оттенки вопроса, восклицания, категоричности и др.; 8) в вэньяне оформляет предложения с предметным сказуемым при отсутствии связки
Comments: Min dialects point here to Late Old Chinese *jh- (cf. Xiamen, Chaozhou ia6, Fuzhou ia5), which is impossible in a xie-sheng series with lateral affricates: therefore, *lh- is to be reconstructed. The resonant reconstruction is also probable because of attested reductions of 也 + 乎 *lhiajʔ + wā to *lhia (耶) or *lha (與) q.v.
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 5
Four-angle index: 7254
Karlgren code: 0004 g
Jianchuan Bai: li4
Dali Bai: le4
Bijiang Bai: le4
Shijing occurrences: 22.1, 22.2, 22.3, 23.3, 26.3, 37.1, 37.2, 45.1, 45.2, 46.1, 46.2, 46.3, 47.2, 50.3, 51.3, 58.3, 58.4
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: xì
Preclassic Old Chinese: lhiak
Classic Old Chinese: lhiak
Western Han Chinese: lhiak
Eastern Han Chinese: zhiak
Early Postclassic Chinese: zhjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: zhjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: zhjek
Middle Chinese: zjek
English meaning : evening
Russian meaning[s]: 1) вечер; вечером; ночью; 2) накануне; канун
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 36
Four-angle index: 4149
Karlgren code: 0796 a-d
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: chǐ
Preclassic Old Chinese: thiak
Classic Old Chinese: thiak
Western Han Chinese: thiak
Eastern Han Chinese: ćhiak
Early Postclassic Chinese: ćhek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ćhek
Late Postclassic Chinese: ćhek
Middle Chinese: ćhek
English meaning : one foot (measure; = 22.5 cm), to measure in feet
Russian meaning[s]: 1) чи (китайский фут, 0,32 метра); перен. крупный (напр. о яшме); крошечный (напр. пруд); 2) письмо
Comments: Standard Sino-Viet. is xích.
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 44
Four-angle index: 4854
Karlgren code: 0794 a
Vietnamese reading: thu'ó'c
Jianchuan Bai: chi1
Dali Bai: chi1
Bijiang Bai: čhẽr1
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: qiě
Preclassic Old Chinese: ćhiaʔ
Classic Old Chinese: chiá
Western Han Chinese: chiá
Eastern Han Chinese: chjä́
Early Postclassic Chinese: chjá
Middle Postclassic Chinese: chjá
Late Postclassic Chinese: chjá
Middle Chinese: chjá
English meaning : moreover, furthermore, in addition, as well as, and
Russian meaning[s]: 1) пока, покамест; еще, все еще; 2) или же, либо же; 3) в будущем, в дальнейшем; вот-вот, см. 將; 4) союз, связывающий сказуемые-прилагательные и сказуемые-глаголы и; 5) начальный грамматический знак в вэньяне к тому же; пока положим, что..., а теперь...; 6) выдерживать; стойкий (в употреблении, носке и т. п.); [ju] древн. частица в конце предложения
Comments: Other readings: *ćha (MC chjö, Pek. qū) 'obstruct'; *ća (MC cjö, Pek. jū) 'final particle; plenty, many' (thus in Shi 41,1).
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 1
Four-angle index: 595
Karlgren code: 0046 a-g
Shijing occurrences: 28.4, 30.1, 40.1, 41.1_, 41.2_, 41.3_, 42.3, 47.2, 54.3
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: chì
Preclassic Old Chinese: thiak
Classic Old Chinese: thiak
Western Han Chinese: thiak
Eastern Han Chinese: ćhiak
Early Postclassic Chinese: ćhek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ćhek
Late Postclassic Chinese: ćhek
Middle Chinese: ćhek
English meaning : salty soil
Russian meaning[s]: 1) гнать, изгонять; вытеснять; отвергать; опровергать; бойкотировать; 2) обнаруживать, видеть; открывать; высматривать, выведывать; 3) расширять; 4) поднимать (напр. землю); 5) солончаки; 6) показывать
Comments: During LZ used for homonymous *thiak 'to rebuff; examine, spy out; point, indicate; spread, grow numerous'.
Radical: 69
Four-angle index: 2018
Karlgren code: 0792 a-c
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: shí
Preclassic Old Chinese: diak
Classic Old Chinese: diak
Western Han Chinese: diak
Eastern Han Chinese: ʒ́iak
Early Postclassic Chinese: ʒ́jek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ʒ́jek
Late Postclassic Chinese: ʒ́jek
Middle Chinese: ʒ́ek
English meaning : stone, rock
Russian meaning[s]: 1) камень; скала; минерал; 2) каменная плита, стела; 3) каменистый, бесплодный; 4) твердый, прочный; основа; 5) Ши (фамилия); [dàn] дань (мера объема, равная 10 доу или 103,547 литра)
Comments: Min forms pointing to *ʒ́: Xiamen cioʔ8, Chaozhou cieʔ8, Fuzhou sioʔ8, Jianou ciɔ6.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 112
Four-angle index: 1088
Karlgren code: 0795 a-c
Vietnamese reading: thạch
Jianchuan Bai: ?co2-
Dali Bai: ?co2-
Bijiang Bai: ?ṭõ2-
Shijing occurrences: 26.3_
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yì
Preclassic Old Chinese: lhiak
Classic Old Chinese: lhiak
Western Han Chinese: lhiak
Eastern Han Chinese: zhiak
Early Postclassic Chinese: zhjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: zhjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: zhjek
Middle Chinese: jek
English meaning : also, furthermore, then, and
Russian meaning[s]: 1) также, тоже; 2) сверх того; к тому же; и; 3) только; всего лишь; 4) древн. затем
Comments: The graph is originally a drawing of two armpits, being homophonous with 掖 'armpit' q.v. OC *lh is reflected irregularly as MC j-; aspiration is revealed by Min reflexes, Xiamen iaʔ7, Chaozhou ia6 (reflecting *lhiak-s).
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 8
Four-angle index: 8320
Karlgren code: 0800 a-c
Shijing occurrences: 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 17.3, 26.1, 26.2, 35.6, 39.1, 54.3
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: chě
Preclassic Old Chinese: thiaʔ
Classic Old Chinese: thiá
Western Han Chinese: thiá
Eastern Han Chinese: ćhä́
Early Postclassic Chinese: ćhá
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ćhá
Late Postclassic Chinese: ćhá
Middle Chinese: ćhá
English meaning : to split, cleave, chop [Tang]
Russian meaning[s]: 1) разорвать, разодрать (бумагу); отрывать; 2) вести; тянуть; 3) развернуть (напр. знамя); 4) покупать (ткань)
Comments: Regular Sino-Viet. is chi`. A late character, more correctly written as 撦. The word may be of Austric origin (cf. PAA *cɛh 'cut, split' = PAN *Sasaq 'whet, sharpen'), in which case Viet. che' is rather the source of the Chinese form and not vice versa.
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 64
Four-angle index: 474
Vietnamese reading: che`
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: chì
Preclassic Old Chinese: khiak
Classic Old Chinese: khiak
Western Han Chinese: khiak
Eastern Han Chinese: khiak
Early Postclassic Chinese: khjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: khjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: khjek
Middle Chinese: ćhek
English meaning : be red
Russian meaning[s]: 1) красный, алый; червонный (о золоте); 2) неподдельный, натуральный; искренний, горячий; откровенный; 3) нагой, голый; перен. новорожденный; 4) пустой; 5) истребить, уничтожить; 6) Чи (фамилия)
Comments: Perhaps related to 赫 *xrāk 'red' (q.v.), although loss of -r- here is hard to explain.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 155
Four-angle index: 8322
Karlgren code: 0793 a-c
Go-on: siyaku
Kan-on: seki
Japanese reading: seki;shaku;akai;akaramu;akarameru;aka
Jianchuan Bai: chɛ6
Dali Bai: cher6
Bijiang Bai: ṭhã6
Shijing occurrences: 41.3
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: xié
Preclassic Old Chinese: lhia
Classic Old Chinese: lhia
Western Han Chinese: lhia
Eastern Han Chinese: zhä
Early Postclassic Chinese: zha
Middle Postclassic Chinese: zha
Late Postclassic Chinese: zha
Middle Chinese: zja
English meaning : slant, swerve
Russian meaning[s]: 1) лукавый, зловредный; порочный; 2) превратный, ложный; 3) странный; еретический; наваждение; 4) мед. вредное влияние климата; 5) косой, наклонный; [yé] конечная частица, вм. 耶; [yú] остатки, излишки, см.
Comments: The original reading must have been *lia, MC ja, Pek. yé 'a place name' (during LZ more usually written as 耶); a homonymous form is employed in Yijing as an interrogative particle *lhia (contraction of 也 + 乎 *lhiaj + wā). In post-Han time frequently written as 斜. Viet. lé is an archaic loanword (used only in the sense 'squint'); regular Sino-Viet. is tà. Cf. perhaps also xế 'to incline, decline'.
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 163
Four-angle index: 2176
Karlgren code: 0047 a
Vietnamese reading: lé
Shijing occurrences: 41.1_, 41.2_, 41.3_
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yè
Preclassic Old Chinese: lias
Classic Old Chinese: liah
Western Han Chinese: liah
Eastern Han Chinese: źäh
Early Postclassic Chinese: źà
Middle Postclassic Chinese: jà
Late Postclassic Chinese: jà
Middle Chinese: jà
English meaning : night
Russian meaning[s]: 1) ночь; ночью; ночной; из ночи в ночь; вечером; вечерний; 2) мрак, темнота; темный; 3) путешествовать ночью
Shuowen gloss: 舍也.天下休舍.從夕.亦省聲. [315]
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 36
Four-angle index: 6342
Karlgren code: 0800 j-k
Vietnamese reading: dạ
Shijing occurrences: 13.3, 17.1_, 21.1, 58.5
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: xī
Preclassic Old Chinese: siak
Classic Old Chinese: siak
Western Han Chinese: siak
Eastern Han Chinese: siak
Early Postclassic Chinese: sjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: sjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: sjek
Middle Chinese: sjek
English meaning : former times, ancient times; formerly, anciently, originally
Russian meaning[s]: 1) прежде, в старину, в прошлом; 2) ночь; ночью; к ночи
Radical: 72
Four-angle index: 1484
Karlgren code: 0798 a-e
Shijing occurrences: 35.5, 35.6
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: zhì
Preclassic Old Chinese: tiak
Classic Old Chinese: tiak
Western Han Chinese: tiak
Eastern Han Chinese: iak
Early Postclassic Chinese: ćjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ćjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: ćjek
Middle Chinese: ćek
English meaning : to roast, broil
Russian meaning[s]: 1) жарить; поджаривать, подсушивать на огне; 2) дружить, быть в хороших отношениях с...
Comments: Also read *tiak-s, MC ćà, Pek. zhè id.
Radical: 86
Four-angle index: 5482
Karlgren code: 0791 a
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: shè
Preclassic Old Chinese: d(h)iaʔ
Classic Old Chinese: d(h)iá
Western Han Chinese: d(h)iá
Eastern Han Chinese: ʒ́(h)ä́
Early Postclassic Chinese: ʒ́(h)á
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ʒ́(h)á
Late Postclassic Chinese: ʒ́(h)á
Middle Chinese: ʒ́á
English meaning : altar of the soil; sacrifice to the soil
Russian meaning[s]: 1) рел. божество земли (полей); жертвенник (маленькая кумирня) на пашне; 2) община; древн. объединение 25 дворов вокруг одного алтаря земли; 3) ассоциация; редакция; издательство; агентство; 4) сокр. социалистический
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 113
Four-angle index: 150
Karlgren code: 0062 j
Vietnamese reading: xã
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: zhě
Preclassic Old Chinese: tiaʔ
Classic Old Chinese: tiá
Western Han Chinese: tiá
Eastern Han Chinese: ćä́
Early Postclassic Chinese: ćá
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ćá
Late Postclassic Chinese: ćá
Middle Chinese: ćá
English meaning : (perhaps:) a nominalizer
Russian meaning[s]: 1) суффикс подлежащего (слова, предложения); 2) тот, кто; тот, который; суффикс действующего лица, деятеля; 3) то, что; то, которое; тот, кого; тот, которого (обычно дублирует 所); 4) суффикс имен существительных (активных деятелей); 5) суффикс обособленных наречий; 6) да! (восклицание); [zhè] ср.-кит. этот, вм.
Comments: The word is probably pronominal in origin, having the same root as 之 *tǝ (q.v.).
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 125
Four-angle index: 1601
Karlgren code: 0045 a-c
Shijing occurrences: 25.1, 25.2, 35.6, 53.1, 53.2, 53.3
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: shè
Preclassic Old Chinese: ƛiaʔ
Classic Old Chinese: ƛiá
Western Han Chinese: iá
Eastern Han Chinese: śä́
Early Postclassic Chinese: śá
Middle Postclassic Chinese: śá
Late Postclassic Chinese: śá
Middle Chinese: śá
English meaning : to put away, let off, leave; bestow, grant
Russian meaning[s]: 1) постоялый двор; общежитие; остановиться на постой; 2) хижина, домик; 3) вежл. мой; [shě] вм. 捨 1) отбросить, выбросить, отдать без сожаления; 2) освободить; 3) кроме
Comments: Also read *ƛiaʔ-s, MC śà, Mand. shè 'to rest, stop; lodging house'. Standard Sino-Viet. is xá, xa`. Phonetic is 余 *Ła (as stated in Shuowen - although not accepted by Karlgren).
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 135
Four-angle index: 1308
Karlgren code: 0048 a-b
Vietnamese reading: tha`
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yì
Preclassic Old Chinese: liak
Classic Old Chinese: liak
Western Han Chinese: liak
Eastern Han Chinese: iak
Early Postclassic Chinese: źjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: jjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: jjek
Middle Chinese: jek
English meaning : be great, ample, abundant, magnificent
Russian meaning[s]: 1) великий, огромный, обширный; обильный; 2) блестящий, прекрасный; 3) печальный; скорбный; 4) последовательный; длительный, продолжительный; 5) играть в шашки (шахматы), вм.
Comments: Cf. 亦.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 37
Four-angle index: 4935
Karlgren code: 0800 d
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yì
Preclassic Old Chinese: liak
Classic Old Chinese: liak
Western Han Chinese: liak
Eastern Han Chinese: iak
Early Postclassic Chinese: źjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: jjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: jjek
Middle Chinese: jek
English meaning : baldachin [LZ]
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Karlgren code: 0800 e
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yì
Preclassic Old Chinese: liak
Classic Old Chinese: liak
Western Han Chinese: liak
Eastern Han Chinese: iak
Early Postclassic Chinese: źjek
Middle Postclassic Chinese: jjek
Late Postclassic Chinese: jjek
Middle Chinese: jek
English meaning : chess [LZ]
Russian meaning[s]: китайские шашки; играть в шашки
Comments: Also used for homonymous *liak 'curtain'.
Radical: 55
Four-angle index: 2760
Karlgren code: 0800 f
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yé
Preclassic Old Chinese: lhia
Classic Old Chinese: lhia
Western Han Chinese: lhia
Eastern Han Chinese: zhä
Early Postclassic Chinese: zha
Middle Postclassic Chinese: zha
Late Postclassic Chinese: zha
Russian meaning[s]: 1) конечное вопросительное слово в вэньяне; 2) отец, вм. 爺; [yē] транскрипционный знак
Comments: A variant of 邪 q.v.
Radical: 128
Four-angle index: 2162
Karlgren code: 0047 b
bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-comment,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-comment,
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