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Nakh etymology :

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\data\cauc\nakhet
Proto-Nakh: *ʔab-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to sew
Batsbi: ʔab-
Comments: Chech. and Ing. have not preserved the verb, but cf. in Chech. ew-na, Ing. ow 'seam'. Cf. also the PN derivate *jub (obl. *ʔabrV-) 'awl' (Bacb. jub, Chech. jū, pl. ʔāraš, Ing. juw, erg. owro, pl. owraš).
Proto-Nakh: *ʔablV (̃-ʎ-,-Ł-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 root 2 village
Chechen: evla 2
Ingush: ovla 1
Comments: Vowel differences in Chech. and Ing. can be explained by different analogical levellings of a paradigm like *ʔabla, *ʔabli-. The semantic difference can be explained if we look at external evidence (this root reveals meanings like "root" and "kin, family > village" in many languages). Thus the resemb- lance of the Chech. word to Turkish (e.g. Tat. aul "village" etc.) is probably accidental (at the most the Turk. word could have influenced the meaning of the Chech. word - but there are not enough reasons to speak of a loan).
Proto-Nakh: *ʔaħ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to grind
Chechen: aħ-
Ingush: aħ-
Batsbi: aħ-
Comments: A terminative verbal stem with no class markers. There are two archaic derivates:

    1) PN *ħēr (obl. *ħāri-, sometimes passing to dir.) "mill": Chech. ħer (ħēra-) 'mill' (cf. also ka-ħar 'hand-mill', ħar-χō 'miller'); Ing. ħajra (erg. ħäro) 'mill' (cf. also kel-ħar 'hand-mill'); Bacb. ħajrĭ, ħajră 'mill'. 4th class in all languages.

    2) PN *ħāru 'meal, flour': Ing. ħɔr, Bacb. ħajrŭ, ħajrĭ (3d class in Ing., 4th class in Bacb.).

Proto-Nakh: *ʔaħu
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 downwards 2 lower part
Chechen: oħa- 1
Ingush: ʕo- 1
Batsbi: aħo 2
Comments: Ing. ʕo- < *ʔoħ- with a secondary transfer of the emphatic laryngeal into Anlaut. In Chech. and Ing. the root is basically used as a preverb (it is also used as such in Bacb.); but cf. also Chech. oħara 'lower', oħanē '(place of) descent'.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔamgi-r ( ~ -ḳ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: one of several wives
Chechen: emgar
Ingush: engar
Comments: The Nakh word has a quite solid EC etymology; that is why the Osset. ämɨǵɨr / ämigir must be certainly regarded as a loan from Nakh (despite Abayev 1958, 147-148).
Proto-Nakh: *ʔanga-laj ( ~-ḳ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: glass
Chechen: angali
Comments: Isolated in Chech., but having possible external parallels (if "glass" < "window").
Proto-Nakh: *ʔant
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: shortcoming, defect
Chechen: ant
Comments: Isolated in Nakh., but having an Av. parallel.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔap- ?
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: green
Batsbi: apẽ
Comments: Isolated in Bacb. with no obvious etymology.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔaq̇Vr-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: on one's back
Chechen: arq̇a-l
Ingush: arq̇a-l
Batsbi: aq̇rĕ
Comments: A locative form from an archaic noun.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔarV ( ~ -ē-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: wild hemp
Ingush: eri
Comments: Attested only in Ing., but having possible external parallels.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔas-ar
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: inspiration
Chechen: asar
Comments: Isolated within Nakh, but with reliable external parallels.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔa-staʁa(n) (~sṭ)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: lame, limping
Chechen: astaʁa
Ingush: astaʁa
Comments: Cf. also Chech. astaχ 'lamed person' (Uslar's recording, with an irregular devoicing).
Proto-Nakh: *(ʔă)stVw
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: cornel
Chechen: stow
Ingush: esti
Comments: Chech. has reduced the first weak syllable, preserved in Ing. (esti < *ʔăstVw).
Proto-Nakh: *(ʔa)sṭo
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: chisel
Chechen: sto
Ingush: osta
Batsbi: sṭo
Comments: 5th class in Chech. and Bacb., 3d class in Ing. Cf. also Chech. Lev., Cheb. stwo, Akk. āsta (with not quite clear vowel length - to judge from the reduction in most Chech. dialects and Bacb., the initial vowel in PN must have been short).
Proto-Nakh: *ʔaχḳV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: summer
Chechen: äχkē
Ingush: aχka
Batsbi: χḳo
Comments: Short vowel reconstructed because of reduction in Bacbi. Ing. aχka = Chech. äχka 'in summer' (Chech. äχkē is a suffixed form).

    The meaning "summer" is obviously secondary. The older meaning 'year' is still preserved in the PN compound *sṭā-χḳŭ 'last year' > Chech. stoχka, Ing. sɔχk, Bacb. sṭaŭχḳŭ (for the etymology of the first part see PEC *śwăjV).

Proto-Nakh: *ʔābst (~ɦ-,-ṭ)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: goat (about 1 y. old)
Chechen: awst
Ingush: ɔsta
Comments: 4th class in both languages.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔāc̣ ( ~ ɦ-, -ʒ)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: voice, sound
Chechen: az
Ingush: ɔz
Comments: 3d class in Chech., 4th class in Ing. Obl. base *ʔāc̣u- (Chech. ōza-, Ing. ɔzo), whence secondarily the vowel in the Ing. direct base.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔāʁo-b
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: side
Chechen: āʁō
Ingush: ɔʁuw
Comments: Cf. also Cheb. āʁaw, Lev. āʁwō id.
Proto-Nakh: *ʔāḳ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to chisel, hollow
Chechen: āg-
Ingush: ag-
Proto-Nakh: *ʔālV-j
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: ravine
Ingush: äli
Comments: Attested only in Ing., but having probable external parallels.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,
Total of 970 records 49 pages

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Forward: 1 20

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