Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 2327 records 117 pages

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Forward: 1 20 50 100
\data\cauc\caucet
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔăjʒăɫʔV
Meaning: a k. of tree (rowan, cornel)
Proto-Nakh: *(ʔă)stVw
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔazal ( ~ o)
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔãsa
Proto-West Caucasian: *ʒ́a ( ~ ǯ-)
Notes: Correspondences are regular. The etymology seems preferable to Trubetzkoy's comparison (PWC *ʒ́a : PEC *ʒāʒĕ 'thorn' - which has a quite different etymology).
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔăḳV̆ ( ~ -ǝ-)
Meaning: to beat; to forge
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔaḳ-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔaḳɨ
Proto-West Caucasian: *ḳǝ ( ~ *ḳ́-)
Notes: A common NC verb; although not very widely represented, seems both phonetically and semantically reliable.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔantV ( ~ -m-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dirt, earth
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔatu ( ~ -ã-)
Proto-Khinalug: ant
Notes: A Tsez-Khin. isogloss.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔapVɫV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: pole; board, cover
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔVpVlV
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔapal ( ~ -r)
Notes: An Av.-Tsez. isogloss.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔărć̣_V
Meaning: a k. of reed
Proto-Nakh: *ʔerc̣
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔeč̣
Notes: A Nakh-Tsez isogloss. Attested only in two languages, and thus not very reliable.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔăʒ_Ĕ (~ -ǝ̆-,-ŏ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to be ill, feel pain
Proto-Nakh: *l-ac̣-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *c̣:i-n-
Proto-Lak: c̣u-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔic:-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔac̣:a
Proto-Khinalug: c̣ɨ-t
Proto-West Caucasian: *źV
Notes: A rather widely represented common NC root. The etymology on the whole seems quite satisfactory, but there are some irregularities: in PD we would rather expect *z, not *c:. We may think that the root consonant here was expressively geminated (PD *ʔizz- > *ʔicc:-), and indeed we see traces of this gemination in Ak. izz-es, izz-ala. It is even possible that the gemination occurred as early as in Proto-Darg.-Lezg. - cf. a quite analogous gemination in Rut. =ädda- (normally -d- would be expected).

    Cf. also Hurr. azz-u/ošχǝ 'tabooed, impure, sinful, sick (or the like)', see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 40.

    See Abdokov 1983, 136.

Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔāʎwE
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: whetstone, to whet; to sweep
Proto-Nakh: *ʔālχi
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=ax- ( ~ -o-)
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔiʎu ( ~ -L-)
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔaʎʷV
Proto-West Caucasian: *ʎ́ǝ
Notes: The WC form has lost labialisation: this happens sometimes in verbal roots, probably because of interaction with class prefixes. Otherwise correspondences are regular.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔānV(jV)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mother
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔinVju ( ~ -ɨ-)
Proto-Dargwa: *ne-š
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔanaj
Proto-West Caucasian: *(a)nǝ
Notes: Although the root is not very widely spread in EC, it seems to have been the basic PNC word for 'mother' (opposed to *ʔŏbV̄(jV) 'father'), superseded in most EC languages by other expressive "children's words" (*babV, *jājV, *dajV) or its reduplicated variant *nǟnV (q.v.).
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔārV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: plain
Proto-Nakh: *ʔārV
Proto-Lak: ar
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔar(a)
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔäɦV ( ~ *ɦäʔV)
Meaning: to throw, to winnow
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=VH=
Proto-Tsezian: *-Vʔ-
Proto-Lak: hu=iI-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔihI- ( ~ -ʕ-)
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔIähɨ-
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. One of the common EC verbal roots with a laryngeal root consonant.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔǟlGi (~ -e)
Meaning: side; hip
Proto-Nakh: *ʔāʁo-b
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔɔʁ: (~-ɔ̃-,-ʁ)
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔelq:i
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔĕc̣wĂ
Meaning: raw, sour; to get sour
Proto-Nakh: *ṭune
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔɔc̣
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔäc̣ʷV
Proto-West Caucasian: *Pc̣V
Notes: The PN form (as well as PAK *c̣ǝ-na) contains a suffixed *-nV (originally participial); the weak initial syllable with a laryngeal is reduced (which probably reflects the Ablaut grade *ʔĭc̣wĂ). The WC form contains a labial (class) prefix, with a usual in this case delabialisation of the affricate. The comparison of PAK *c̣ǝ-na with Lezg. was proposed by Rogava (1956, 81); see also Абдоков 1983, 150-151.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔĕmš_wV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to stop up, plug, close up
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔinš:ʷ- / *ʔiš:ʷVn-
Proto-Lak: *=aš:a- / =aš:i-
Proto-Dargwa: *b-arš:-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔäšʷɨ
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔĕmtŭ (~ -n-)
Meaning: soft; liquid, wet
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *tantV- ( ~ -o-)
Proto-Tsezian: *tõtV- A
Proto-Lak: ati-l-
Proto-West Caucasian: *tʷa
Notes: Several languages reflect also the reduplicated form *tĕmtV.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔĕndū
Meaning: forehead
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *hondV (~ħ-)
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔant:a
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔĕnɨ̄rq_wɨ̆
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: cave, cavern
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *nV(r)q:ʷV
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔɔnɨχ:ʷ B
Proto-Lak: nuχ
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔiniq:
Proto-Lezghian: *rɨqʷ / *ʔɨrqʷ
Proto-Khinalug: nuqa
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. One of several common EC trisyllabic roots, which is clearly seen in PTs and PD reflexes; it may be connected with PEC *=Harq_wV 'to dig', although the derivation model is not quite clear.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔĕqV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: grape; fruit; fruit-garden,vineyard
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔoqi
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔɔχ ( ~ *ħ-)
Proto-Lak: aq
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔanq
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular, except for the excessive -n- in PD (all other languages reveal absolutely no trace of any medial resonant); it may have penetrated from an oblique base like *ʔaq-nV- (or, more probably be a result of contamination with another root: PEC *HēnqwV 'meadow, plot' q.v.).
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔēmV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: paternal uncle; father
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔima
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔem(Vj)
Notes: An Av.-And.-Lezg. isogloss.
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔǝ̆mkV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: a k. of insect, worm
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔunka(~ʔinkʷa,-o,m)
Proto-Lezghian: *kamk
Notes: An Aand-Lezg. isogloss. The PL form is reduplicated (because of the root's expressive nature).
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔi
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: this
Proto-Nakh: *ʔi
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔi-/*ji-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔi-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔi
Proto-West Caucasian: *jA
Notes: A common NC demonstrative stem, in the majority of languages used for near deixis, thus the meaning "this" may be safely reconstructed. See Abdokov 1983, 138.
caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-khin,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-darg,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,
Total of 2327 records 117 pages

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Forward: 1 20 50 100

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script

An internal error was detected in the service software. The diagnostics are being emailed to the service system administrator (root).