Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 2017 records 101 page

Pages: 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1
\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *tepö (-ü)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hill, top; top of head
Russian meaning: холм, вершина
Old Turkic: töpü
Karakhanid: tepe (Tefs.), töpü (KB)
Turkish: tepe, dial. depe
Tatar: tübɛ
Middle Turkic: tepe, töpe (MA, Pav. C.)
Uzbek: tepa
Uighur: töpä
Azerbaidzhan: täpä
Turkmen: depe
Oyrat: töbö
Chuvash: tübǝ, töbe (NW)
Yakut: töbö
Dolgan: töbö
Tuva: t`ej
Kirghiz: töbö
Kazakh: töbe
Noghai: töbe
Bashkir: tübɛ
Balkar: töbe
Gagauz: tepe
Karaim: tebe
Karakalpak: töbe
Kumyk: töbe
Comments: VEWT 494, 505, TMN 2, 450-452, EDT 436, ЭСТЯ 3, 197-199, Лексика 201, Stachowski 227. The original meaning was probably 'crest, top of head': cf. Kirgh. tüpök 'бунчук', Chuv. tǝʷbek 'crest, top of head'. Forms with d- in Oghuz may be a trace of a different root (see below); but Kirgh. döbö and Uygh. döwä are most probably < Mong. döbe.
Proto-Turkic: *ter
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hired labour 2 wages
Russian meaning: 1 работа по найму 2 зарплата
Karakhanid: ter 1, 2 (MK, IM)
Turkish: ter oɣlan 'hired worker'
Middle Turkic: ter 2 (MA)
Chuvash: tar(a) 1
Yakut: terij- 'to organize'
Tuva: xol deri 2 (contamination: lit. 'arm sweat')
Kirghiz: maŋdaj teri 2 (contamination: lit. 'forehead sweat')
Comments: VEWT 474, EDT 528, Лексика 353, Федотов 2, 176 (the root should be kept distinct from *der 'sweat'.
Proto-Turkic: *tEŕek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dung
Russian meaning: навоз
Old Turkic: tezek (OUygh. - YB)
Karakhanid: tezek (MK)
Turkish: tezek
Tatar: tizäk, kizäk
Middle Turkic: tezek (Sangl., MA)
Uzbek: tezak
Uighur: tezäk
Azerbaidzhan: täzäk
Turkmen: tezek
Khakassian: tizek
Shor: tezek
Oyrat: tezek
Halaj: täzäk
Chuvash: ? tirǝs
Tuva: de's 'clotted blood'
Tofalar: de's 'clotted blood' (Рас. ФиЛ)
Kirghiz: tezek
Kazakh: tezek
Noghai: tezek
Bashkir: tiδäk
Balkar: tezgek
Gagauz: tezek
Karaim: tez'ak
Karakalpak: tezek
Salar: tesex, tözex (ССЯ)
Kumyk: tezek
Comments: VEWT 477, TMN 2, 508, EDT 574, Федотов 2, 236. Chuv. > Tat., Bashk. tires.
Proto-Turkic: *Tẹrk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse, despise
Russian meaning: упрекать, ругать
Tatar: tirgɛ-
Middle Turkic: te/irke- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: terga-
Uighur: tärgi-
Yakut: tirē- 'to threaten'
Bashkir: tirgä-
Comments: VEWT 481.
Proto-Turkic: *TẹrKe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to observe, research
Russian meaning: исследовать, обдумывать, расследовать
Middle Turkic: te/irke- 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: terga- 'to interrogate'
Uighur: tärgäw 'examination, inquiry'
Chuvash: tirge- 'to judge, discriminate'
Kirghiz: terge-
Kazakh: terge-
Noghai: terge-
Balkar: terge-
Karaim: terge-
Karakalpak: terge-
Kumyk: terge-
Comments: VEWT 475, Федотов 2, 236-237 (the meaning `judge, discriminate' cannot be explained from Arab. terk `leave').
Proto-Turkic: *Terki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: table, portable table
Russian meaning: столик
Karakhanid: tergi (MK, KB)
Middle Turkic: tirki (CCum.)
Karaim: tirki 'sacrificial table'
Comments: VEWT 475, EDT 544.
Proto-Turkic: *terkü ( ~ -i-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: saddle straps
Russian meaning: торока
Karakhanid: tergü (MK)
Turkish: terki `rear saddlebow'
Middle Turkic: terki (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) tergü (Houts.)
Azerbaidzhan: tärk `place behind the saddle'
Turkmen: tirkiš
Khakassian: tirgǝ
Shor: terig
Oyrat: terki
Chuvash: türt `back, back side', türt-lǝx 'чресседельник'
Yakut: törgǖ
Tuva: dergi
Comments: VEWT 475-476, EDT 544, TMN 2, 499-500. The stem is connected - in a somewhat unclear fashion - with *tirke- 'to hitch' (derived from tiz- 'to string' in Хелимский 1986 and Дыбо 1995, 282 - but the latter should be properly reconstructed as *diŕ-, so this derivation is by no means certain). External evidence suggests that *-i- is original here; the vowel *-e- in *terkü may be due to the influence of *dēr-ke- 'to gather; equip' (see *dēr-).
Proto-Turkic: *tēk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 odd 2 only, solitary 3 understanding nothing 4 zero 5 vain, in vain
Russian meaning: 1 нечетный 2 единственный, только 3 ничего не понимающий 4 ноль 5 напрасный, напрасно
Old Turkic: tek 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tek 2 (MK, KB)
Turkish: tek 1, 2
Tatar: tik 2
Middle Turkic: tek 2 (Sangl.)
Azerbaidzhan: täk 1, 2
Turkmen: tǟk 1, 2
Khakassian: tik 3
Shor: tek 5
Tuva: tik 3, tek 3, 4
Kirghiz: tek 5
Kazakh: tek 2
Noghai: tek 2
Bashkir: tik 2
Balkar: tegaran 2
Gagauz: tek 1, 2
Karaim: tek 2
Karakalpak: tegin 2
Kumyk: tek 2
Comments: VEWT 470, TMN 2, 660, EDT 475. Turk. > Mong. Khalkha teg `zero', Kalm. teg 'kurz, niedrig' (KW 389).
Proto-Turkic: *tēl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wire, string 2 thong 3 strand
Russian meaning: 1 волосок, струна, проволока 2 ремешок, которым привязан наконечник стрелы 3 прядь, пучок нитей
Karakhanid: tili 2 (MK)
Turkish: tel 1
Azerbaidzhan: tel 1
Turkmen: til 1
Chuvash: tal 3
Noghai: tel 1
Gagauz: tel 1
Kumyk: tel 1
Comments: VEWT 471, EDT 491. Turk. > NPers., Kurd., Osset. tel etc. Bailey 129 cites Saka ttīla 'thread, wire' and considers it the source of Turkic forms, tracing it back to *tarɵrya - cf. Pers. tār < *tarɵra. However there are no direct Iranian parallels for the Saka form (cf. Аб. 3, 288, maintaining that the Osset. and Kurd. form do not go back to Proto-Iranian but are borrowed from neighbouring languages); so the word may well be a Turkism in Saka and other Iranian languages. The Turkic origin is also corroborated by the Chuv. parallel.
Proto-Turkic: *Tẹ̄l
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to put the kid or calf to a different milch-ewe or cow 2 a kid or calf sucking two milch-ewes or cows
Russian meaning: 1 отдать ягненка другой кормящей самке 2 теленок, сосущий двух маток
Karakhanid: tel- (MK) 1
Tatar: tile- 1
Oyrat: telkin 'roe (female)'
Yakut: tīl 2, tilij- 1
Tuva: tel 2
Kirghiz: teli- 1, tel 2
Kazakh: tel- 1, tel 2
Bashkir: tile- 1
Karakalpak: teli- 1
Comments: EDT 490 (sub 'to pierce'), VEWT 471. Turk. > MMo, WMong. tel, teleɣe id. (see Щербак 1997, 166).
Proto-Turkic: *tēŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to run away, flee 2 swift; scary, shy
Russian meaning: 1 убегать 2 быстрый; пугливый, робкий
Old Turkic: tez- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tez- 1 (MK)
Turkish: tez 2
Middle Turkic: (MKypch.) dez- 1 (AH)
Uighur: täz- 1
Azerbaidzhan: täz- 1, täz 2
Turkmen: tez- 1, tīz 2
Khakassian: tis- 1
Halaj: täz- 1
Chuvash: tar- 1
Yakut: tehī 2
Dolgan: tehī 2
Tuva: des- 1
Tofalar: des- 1
Comments: VEWT 477, EDT 572, Stachowski 220. Turk. > Pers. tīz (not vice versa, as sometimes suggested).
Proto-Turkic: *Ti-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of biting insect
Russian meaning: вид кусающего насекомого
Old Turkic: ti-ler (OUygh.)
Comments: See EDT 501: the word is located in a list of harmful biting insects, between flies and ants.
Proto-Turkic: *T(i)adun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a one- or two-year old calf 2 ox
Russian meaning: 1 годовалый или двухгодовалый теленок 2 вол
Karakhanid: taδun (MK) 1
Khakassian: tazɨn 2
Comments: EDT 457.
Proto-Turkic: *t(i)agar(a)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 an earthenware dish 2 trough
Russian meaning: 1 глиняное блюдо 2 корыто
Karakhanid: taɣara (Tefs.) 1
Turkish: ṭagar 'dish' (Osm.)
Tatar: taɣaraq 2
Uzbek: taɣar 1
Turkmen: taGara 2
Tuva: tāqtɨg 'barrel'
Comments: EDT 471, VEWT 454, Радлов 3, 796-797. Should be distinguished from *dagar 'sack' (confused in ЭСТЯ 3, 120-122 and TMN 2, 512-519 - here with an additional confusion with *dabar 'wares').
Proto-Turkic: *tiakɨgu (/ -ŋu)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hen, fowl
Russian meaning: курица
Old Turkic: taqɨɣu (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: taqaɣu (MK)
Turkish: tavuk
Tatar: tawɨq
Middle Turkic: taɣuq, tawuq (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔwuq
Uighur: toxa, toxu
Sary-Yughur: taqaɣɨ
Azerbaidzhan: tojuG
Turkmen: towuq
Khakassian: taɣax, taŋax
Oyrat: taqā
Chuvash: čъxъ
Tuva: da'ɣā
Tofalar: taqqɨńaq (perhaps < Mong.)
Kirghiz: tōk
Kazakh: tawɨq
Noghai: tawɨq
Bashkir: tawɨq
Balkar: tawuq
Gagauz: tauq
Karaim: tawuq
Karakalpak: tawɨq
Salar: tox (Kakuk)
Kumyk: tawuq
Comments: VEWT 457, EDT 468, TMN 2, 441-442, Егоров 321. Turk. > Hung. tyúk, see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *T(i)āna-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nostril
Russian meaning: ноздря
Tatar: tanaw
Khakassian: tanɨ̄
Yakut: tanɨ̄
Tuva: tanaq
Bashkir: tanau 'nose'
Comments: VEWT 460, Лексика 218. Because of late attestation borrowing from Mong. is not excluded; but it is not quite probable for phonetic reasons.
Proto-Turkic: *tik-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hate, fear
Russian meaning: ненавидеть, бояться
Turkish: tiksin-
Azerbaidzhan: diksin-
Turkmen: tiksin-
Kirghiz: tikireŋde- 'to assault viciously'
Kazakh: tik-baqaj 'stubborn, violent', tikireŋde- id.
Balkar: tiklik 'tension (of relations)'
Comments: Somewhat unclear voicing in Az. See Дыбо 1991.
Proto-Turkic: *tikö
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: slice, piece
Russian meaning: часть, кусок
Karakhanid: tikü (MK)
Turkish: tike
Middle Turkic: tike (Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: tikä
Turkmen: tike
Halaj: tike
Kirghiz: bir tike 'a little bit'
Comments: TMN 2, 918, EDT 478.
Proto-Turkic: *ti-(kü)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: that
Russian meaning: тот
Tatar: tege
Middle Turkic: (OKypch.) tigi (Bulgat), tik (Ettuhf.)
Turkmen: (dial.) šü-tki,šütüki, bitiki 'вот этот' (Akhaltek.)
Khakassian: tege; ĭ-di 'so, thus'
Yakut: i-ti 'this'
Dolgan: i-ti 'this'
Tuva: dȫ
Tofalar:
Kirghiz: tigi
Kazakh: tigi (dial.)
Bashkir: tege
Gagauz: te bu 'this here', te o 'that there'
Salar: düɣü,
Comments: VEWT 479, Räsänen 1957, 36, Котвич 1962, 142, Stachowski 129.
Proto-Turkic: *Tilgen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wheel
Russian meaning: колесо
Old Turkic: tilgen, tilken (OUygh.)
Comments: EDT 499.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-jak,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-reference,
Total of 2017 records 101 page

Pages: 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script

An internal error was detected in the service software. The diagnostics are being emailed to the service system administrator (root).